Hokuriku Region
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Hokuriku Region
Hokuriku region

The Hokuriku region (?, Hokuriku chih?) was located in the northwestern part of Honshu, the main island of Japan. It lay along the Sea of Japan within the Ch?bu region, which it is currently a part of.[1] It is almost equivalent to Koshi Province and Hokurikud? area in pre-modern Japan. Due to its elongated shape, and the Noto Peninsula jutting out, the region is known as a 'rising dragon' (, Sh?ryud?).[2][3] Since the Heian period until the Edo period the region was a core recipient of population, the population grew to be much larger proportionately than it is today, despite the rural character. With the growth of urban centers in the 20th century, particularly Tokyo and Ch?ky?, the Hokuriku has steadily declined in importance to become relative backwaters. The region is also known for traditional culture that originated from elsewhere that has been long lost along the Taiheiy? Belt.

The Hokuriku region includes the four prefectures of Ishikawa, Fukui, Niigata and Toyama,[4] although Niigata is sometimes included in one of the following regions:

Major cities

The major population centers of Hokuriku are:

Of these, Niigata is the largest with a population of over 800,000.

Industries

The main industries in the Hokuriku area include chemicals, medicine, tourism, textiles and textile machinery, heavy machinery, farming, and fishing. Koshihikari, a popular variety of rice is a special product of Hokuriku region.

Climate

The Hokuriku region has the highest volume of snowfall of any inhabited and arable region in the world.[] This is because dry Siberian air masses, which develop high humidity over the Sea of Japan, are forced upwards when they encounter the mountains of Honsh?, causing the humidity to condense as snow.

The long winters and deep snow of this region are depicted in Hokuetsu Seppu, an encyclopedic work of the late Edo period which describes life in the Uonuma district of Niigata Prefecture.

The Hokuriku region is also the setting for Yasunari Kawabata's novel Snow Country.

Tourism

Hokuriku is listed as No. 4 in Lonely Planet's Best in Travel 2014 - Top 10 Regions. http://www.lonelyplanet.com/travel-tips-and-articles/lonely-planets-best-in-travel-2014-top-10-regions

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Ch?bu" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 126, p. 126, at Google Books.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-02-25. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-01-15. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ Nussbaum, "Hokuriku" at p. 344, p. 344, at Google Books.

References

Coordinates: 37°54?58?N 139°02?11?E / 37.91611°N 139.03639°E / 37.91611; 139.03639



  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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