Hotchkiss School
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Hotchkiss School
The Hotchkiss School
Hotchkiss School Seal.png
TypePrivate, day and boarding
MottoMoniti Meliora Sequamur
(Guided by each other, let us seek better paths.)
Religious affiliation(s)Nonsectarian[1][2]
Head of schoolCraig W. Bradley[4]
Grades9-12, PG[3]
Enrollment600 (2015-16):[3]
93% boarding, 7% day;[3]
50% male, 50% female;[3]
17% International students
32% U.S. students of color[5]
Average class size13 students
Student to teacher ratio5:1[3]
Classes offered224[3]
CampusRural, 827 acres (3 km2)
13 dorms, 2 lakes, 1 forest[3]
Color(s)     Yale Blue and
Athletics19 interscholastic sports[3]
RivalsTaft School[5][7]
NewspaperThe Record[9]
YearbookThe Mischianza[9]
Endowment$491.8 million (June 2019)
Annual tuition$59,990 (boarding)[10]
$50,990 (day)
AffiliationEight Schools Association[11]
Ten Schools Admissions Organization[12]
G20 Schools
Founders League[13]
New England Preparatory School Athletic Council (NEPSAC)[14]
New England Association of Schools and Colleges (NEASC)[15]
The Association of Boarding Schools (TABS)[2]
Global Education Benchmark Group (GEBG)[16]
Round Square[17]
Green Schools Alliance[18]
Former pupilsPythians (even entrance year) or Olympians (odd entrance year)

The Hotchkiss School is a private, nonsectarian, coeducational college preparatory boarding school in Lakeville, Connecticut. Founded in 1891, the school offers a classical education[5] with grades 9-12 and a postgraduate (PG) option, attracting students across the United States and 34 foreign countries.[3]

Hotchkiss is a member of the Eight Schools Association,[11] Ten Schools Admissions Organization,[12]G20 Schools group, Founders League,[13]New England Preparatory School Athletic Council (NEPSAC),[14]New England Association of Schools and Colleges (NEASC),[15] The Association of Boarding Schools (TABS),[2]National Association of Independent Schools,[19] Global Education Benchmark Group (GEBG),[16]Round Square,[17]Cum Laude Society,[20] and Green Schools Alliance.[18]

One of the most selective high schools in the country, Hotchkiss has an 18% admit rate.[21] Moreover, the school has one of the largest private school endowments in the country at nearly $500 million (ranked fifth largest in 2008 by The New York Times).[22]


Postcard circa 1905

In 1891, Maria Harrison Bissell Hotchkiss, with guidance from Yale President Timothy Dwight V, founded the school to prepare young men for Yale University. In 1892, The Hotchkiss School opened its doors to 50 male boarding students for $600. Hotchkiss's endowment also precipitated scholarship aid to deserving students. In 1974, the school became coeducational.[5]

Number-one rule

George Van Santvoord (g. 1908, Yale 1912),[23] a headmaster hailed as the Duke with an honorary dorm, claimed there was only one school rule: "Be a gentleman."[24][25][26][27] In 1954, TIme recognized in "Education: The Duke Steps Down", that "of all U.S. prep schools, few, if any, can beat the standards Hotchkiss has set."[28]

International relations and diversity

Maria Hotchkiss was uninterested in establishing "a school for the pampered sons of rich gentlemen." The school has enrolled international students since 1896.[29] In 1928, the school joined the English-Speaking Union and established the International Schoolboy Exchange. Established by the Class of 1948, the Fund for Global Understanding enables student participation in summer service projects across the world.[5] In 1953, Hotchkiss alumnus Eugene Van Voorhis (g. 1951, Yale '55, Yale Law '58) incorporated the Ulysses S. Grant Foundation program to assist minority New Haven students with boarding school admission,[30] with Hotchkiss formally participating in addition to other recruitment initiatives from the 1960s onward,[5] such as A Better Chance (ABC),[31] Greater Opportunity (GO) summer program for inner-city students,[32][33] and Prep for Prep to foster minority leaders.[5]

The school has a 43% diverse student body[3] (21% international students),[5] offers a School Year Abroad program,[5] and is a member of the Global Education Benchmark Group (GEBG),[16]Round Square,[17] and Confucius Institute International Division (Hanban).[34] In 2010, Hotchkiss partnered with Peking University High School to establish its study abroad, international division called Dalton Academy.[35][36]

Faculty sexual misconduct

In 2015, a male student sued the school, alleging that he had been raped and sexually harassed in "an environment of well-known and tolerated sexual assaults, sexually violent hazing, and pedophilia". In the suit, he said the Dormitory Master and instructor had drugged him and lured him to his quarters where he was raped.[37]

In the lawsuit, he said he wrote an article for the student newspaper about the failure of the school to appropriately respond to complaints. The suit said the headmaster blocked publication and "conspired to prevent (the plaintiff) from informing the students, parents and the school community about the faculty members's sexual assault and his aberrant and predatory propensities and behavior."[38]

As a result of this complaint and others, the school hired a law firm to investigate. The law firm interviewed more than 150 people and reviewed more than 200,000 pages of documents.

On August 16, 2018, the firm released its report, which found that seven former faculty members had abused students for years, yet school administrators took no action, even when made aware of the sexual misconduct. The report said that the abuse, stretching from 1969 through 1992, involved at least 16 students and consisted of intercourse and unnecessary "medical gynecological" exams.

A former headmaster who had been serving on the Board of Trustees resigned after cooperating with investigators. Board of Trustee representatives said the information would be turned over to law enforcement officials.[39]


Operating on a semester schedule, Hotchkiss offers a classical education,[5] 224 courses, 7 foreign languages (Chinese, French, German, Greek, Latin, Russian and Spanish),[3] and study abroad programs.[40] In 1991, the New York Times recognized Hotchkiss' summer program as, "Summer School for the Very Ambitious"[41] and in 2011, as a private school leader in the farm-to-table movement,[42] by incorporating agriculture into the curriculum since 2008.[43] The year prior, the Deerfield Scroll featured that "many consider The Hotchkiss School to be the leader in environmental awareness among the top prep schools in the country."[44]

The school has a 100% college matriculation rate,[3] and among the classes of 2011-14, 33 enrolled at Yale, 19 at Harvard, and 16 at Princeton.[45] In 2007, The Wall Street Journal listed Hotchkiss as among the schools with a higher success rate (than Choate and Deerfield) in matriculation at Harvard, Princeton and six others (excluding Yale).[46]



Hotchkiss fields 19 interscholastic sports teams[3] that compete in the Founders League,[13]Eight Schools Athletic Council,[11]New England Preparatory School Athletic Council (NEPSAC),[15] and Interscholastic Sailing Association's New England Schools Sailing Association (NESSA) district.[47] Its colors are Yale Blue and white, with the mascot being the bearcat.[6]

In 1933, Samuel Gottscho photographed the Hotchkiss baseball team, which appears in the Library of Congress' Gottscho-Schleisner Collection.[48]

Season Sport[49] Championships Notes[47][50]
Fall (B), (G) Cross Country - Varsity (G) 4 (G) Founders League Champion - 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008
(B), (G) Cross Country - Junior Varsity (B) 1 (B) Founders League Champion - 2017
(G) Field Hockey - Varsity 12 Founders League Champion - 2015, 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008

NEPSAC New England Class A Champion - 2014, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007, 2006, 2005, 2004, 2003, 2002, 1998
Between 1996-2017, under Head Coach Robin Chandler, Hotchkiss field hockey won 17 Founders League titles and 12 New England titles.

(G) Field Hockey - Junior Varsity 0
(G) Field Hockey - Third 0
(B) Football - Varsity 3 Erickson League Champion - 2009, 2008

NEPSAC New England Class A Champion - 2008

(B) Football - Junior Varsity 0
(B), (G) Soccer - Varsity (B) 9
(G) 2
(B) Founders League Champion - 2015, 2013, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008
NEPSAC New England Class A Champion - 2011, 2009, 2008
(G) Founders League Champion - 2013, 2017
(B), (G) Soccer - Junior Varsity 0
(B), (G) Soccer - Third 0
(G) Volleyball - Varsity 3 Founders League Champion - 2010, 2008
NEPSAC New England Class A Champion - 2008
(G) Volleyball - Junior Varsity 0
(B) Water Polo - Varsity 0
Winter (B), (G) Basketball - Varsity (B) 12
(G) 1
(B) 7x Founders League Champion, Tri-State League Champion - 2019, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007
(G) Founders League Champion - 2012
(B), (G) Basketball - Junior Varsity 0
(B), (G) Basketball - Third 0
(B), (G) Hockey - Varsity 0
(B), (G) Hockey - Junior Varsity 0
(B), (G) Squash - Varsity (B) 2
(G) 1
(B) Founders League Champion - 2012, 2008
(G) Founders League Champion - 2016
(B), (G) Squash - Junior Varsity 0
(C) Squash - Third 0
(B), (G) Swimming and Diving - Varsity 0
(C) Wrestling - Varsity 0
Spring (B) Baseball - Varsity 0
(B) Baseball - Junior Varsity 0
(B), (G) Golf - Varsity (B) 0
(G) 1
(G) Founders League Champion - 2019
(B) Golf - Junior Varsity 0
(B), (G) Lacrosse - Varsity (B) 1
(G) 9
(B) Founders League Champion - 2009
(G) Founders League Champion - 2015, 2014, 2013, 2011, 2007, 2006, 2005, 2004, 2000
(B), (G) Lacrosse - Junior Varsity 0
(B), (G) Lacrosse - Third 0
(G) Softball - Varsity 0
(C) Sailing - Varsity 12 (C) NESSA New England Fleet Racing Champion - 2014, 2012, 2011, 1977, 1975, 1974
NESSA Team Racing Champion - 2011, 1977, 1976, 1974
Connecticut State Champion - 2012, 2011
(C) Sailing - Junior Varsity 0
(B), (G) Tennis - Varsity (B) 7
(G) 10
(B) Founders League Champion - 2012, 2010, 2009, 2008
NEPSAC New England Class A Champion - 2012, 2010, 2008
(G) Founders League Champion - 2019, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2008
NEPSAC New England Class A Champion - 2013, 2012, 2010, 2009
(B), (G) Tennis - Junior Varsity 0
(B), (G) Tennis - Third 0
(B), (G) Track and field - Varsity (B) 5
(G) 4
(B) Founders League Champion - 2014, 2009, 2007
NEPSAC New England Class A Champion - 2009, 2007
(G) Founders League Champion - 2014, 2013, 2011, 2008
(G) Water Polo - Varsity 0
(C) Ultimate Frisbee - Varsity 6 NEPSAL New England Champion - 2015, 2009, 2019
USAU Connecticut State Champion - 2015, 2018
Amherst Invitational Champion - 2015
(C) Ultimate Frisbee - Junior Varsity 0
Total 79

Hotchkiss-Taft rivalry

Despite Kent School's location in the same county, Hotchkiss and Taft School have a long-standing rivalry, where on the final Saturday of the fall sport season, called Taft Day at Hotchkiss and Hotchkiss Day at Taft, the two schools compete against each other in every sport.[5][7] Similar boarding school traditions include the Andover-Exeter rivalry and Choate-Deerfield rivalry.


Hotchkiss offers over 65 clubs, including The Record, a biweekly, student-run newspaper circulated on campus and among alumni, The Mischianza yearbook, the Hotchkiss Chorus music ensemble, and extensive service organizations such as the St. Luke's Society. Other notable organizations include Callioupe, the all-girls a cappella group; the Hotchkiss Speech & Debate Team; and Food for Thought, the school's philosophy club. The school also hosts an annual student-run film festival, The Hotchkiss Film Festival, that attracts student filmmakers from all over the world to compete for prizes and a scholarship.[9][51]


Main Building, academic and social center of Hotchkiss.

The school overlooks the Berkshires on a rural, 827 acres (3 km2) campus featuring 12 single-sex dorms (Baechle-Ayres, Buehler, Coy, Dana, Edelman, Flinn, Garland, Memorial, Tinker, Van Santvoord, Wieler, and Redlich, opened in 2016) and 1 all-gender dorm (Watson),[52] two lakes, and one forest.[3] The Main Building serves as the academic and social center, featuring 30 SmartBoard classrooms, the Edsel Ford Memorial Library with 87,000-volumes occupying 25,000 square feet, and dining halls.[53]

An EPA Green Power Partner[54] and Green Schools Ally,[18] Hotchkiss requires all campus buildings to acquire LEED certification[55] and was renovated to achieve the second highest, LEED Gold certification in 2008[56] and use 34% green power[54] (ranked eighth largest, green K-12 school in 2009 by EPA),[57] while upholding the Georgian architecture tradition from Bruce Price, Cass Gilbert, and Delano and Aldrich.[58] The school renovation project earned Robert A.M. Stern Architects the 2010 Palladio Award, with Paul Rudolph[58] and Butler Rogers Basket[55] contributing elements of modern architecture.

Art facilities

In 2005, Hotchkiss opened the 715-seat Esther Eastman Music Center, equipped with a handmade Fazioli F308 piano, 12 Steinway pianos, 12 practice rooms, 3 ensemble practice rooms, a WKIS radio station and Musical Instrument Digital Interface (MIDI) lab. Hotchkiss also has a 615-seat proscenium theater called Walker Auditorium.[53]

Athletic facilities

In 2002, Hotchkiss opened the Forrest E. Mars Jr. Athletic Center, a 212,000 square-foot athletic center with multi-purpose playing surfaces, elevated indoor exercise track, the Andrew K. Dwyer and Martin Dwyer III Olympic Rink and Thomas Schmidt NHL Rink, natatorium with 10-lane pool and separate diving well, William C. Fowle Gymnasium (hardwood basketball court), Edward R. Davis Wrestling Room, Joseph Cullman Squash Courts featuring eight international squash courts, Ford Indoor Tennis Courts, John R. Chandler, Jr. Fitness Center, locker rooms, and shower facilities.[59]

The Hotchkiss Golf Course is a nine-hole golf course of just over 3,000 yards, designed by Seth Raynor in 1924 and rated by Golf Digest as one of the 25 best nine-hole courses in America.[60] Hotchkiss also has the Baker Complex, including synthetic Sprole Field and all-weather Hemmingway track; fifteen outdoor tennis courts; Joseph Cullman Paddle Tennis Courts; Centennial, Hoyt, Taylor, Downing, and Class of '49 Fields; Malkin Climbing Walls; Lake Wononscopomuc and a boathouse for sailing; three ponds; and extensive hiking trails.[61]

Notable alumni

Alumni with universally notable affiliations include:

Notable faculty

In popular culture

F. Scott Fitzgerald's This Side of Paradise


  1. ^ "PSS Private School Universe Survey". U.S. Department of Education's National Center for Education Statistics. 2012. Retrieved 2014.
  2. ^ a b c "School Profile: The Hotchkiss School". The Association of Boarding Schools (TABS). 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "About Hotchkiss: Who We Are". The Hotchkiss School. 2014. Archived from the original on January 1, 2015. Retrieved 2014.
  4. ^ "About Hotchkiss: Administration - Craig Bradley, 15th Head of School". The Hotchkiss School. 2014. Archived from the original on February 14, 2010. Retrieved 2015.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "About Hotchkiss: History & Traditions". Hotchkiss School. 2014. Archived from the original on November 20, 2014. Retrieved 2014.
    • a "With the guidance of then President of Yale University Timothy Dwight, Maria Hotchkiss established the School in 1891 to prepare young men for Yale...Hotchkiss offers a classical education, finding strength in a traditional approach that has worked well and stood the test of time." -- ¶ 2 (Strengthened by Time)
    • b "The week leading up to and including "Taft Day," the Saturday in the fall when Hotchkiss teams compete against the Taft School. From kickoff night to the Friday night pep rally and bonfire to Taft Day itself, blue and white rule." -- ¶ 14 (Sprit Day, right sidebar)
    • c "When the Hotchkiss School opened its doors in 1892, the first 50 boys were charged a boarding tuition of $600--more than many families could afford. But fortunately, Maria Hotchkiss had insisted on something unique in allocating the funds to establish the School: Hotchkiss would offer scholarship aid to deserving students." -- ¶ 3 (A 123-Year Policy)
    • d "Three years later, in September 1974, 88 young women entered Hotchkiss as preps, lower-mids, upper-mids, and seniors. Today, the number of boys and girls attending Hotchkiss is roughly equal." -- ¶ 4 (Coeducation)
    • e "As early as 1912 students from China have come to Hotchkiss...He also enabled Hotchkiss students to study abroad by having the School join the English-Speaking Union program and through the inception of the International Schoolboy Exchange in 1928. Today, the Hotchkiss student body includes students from 34 countries, and on average 5 to 10 students study abroad each year with the School Year Abroad program. Begun by the Class of 1948, The Fund for Global Understanding provides grant support for students participating in summer community service projects throughout the world. Hotchkiss is also a member of Round Square and Global Connections..." -- ¶ 5 (Globally Connected)
    • f "From the beginning, Maria Hotchkiss was not interested in establishing "a school for the pampered sons of rich gentlemen."...In the 1960s Hotchkiss began its first formal participation in minority student recruitment programs such as the U.S. Grant Program - begun by Hotchkiss graduates attending Yale - as well as A Better Chance (ABC) and the Greater Opportunity (GO) Program. The Hotchkiss connection with Prep for Prep, an organization that helps prepare minority students for academically demanding independent schools, began in the early 1980s. Today, 43 percent of Hotchkiss students identify themselves as students of color." -- ¶ 6 (Lessons of Differences)
    • g "Of our 600 students, 21 percent come from countries other than the U.S."-- ¶ 8 (Hotchkiss Today)
  6. ^ a b "Athletics: Bearcat Athletics". The Hotchkiss School. 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  7. ^ a b "Taft-Hotchkiss Rivalry Heats Up: Saturday is Hotchkiss Day: Show your spirit!". Taft School. Archived from the original on November 29, 2014. Retrieved 2014.
    • a "It is Spirit Week on campus as the excitement builds for Hotchkiss Day this Saturday, November 12. It will be an exciting day for Taft sports, as many of our teams travel north in the hopes of extending their winning records and defending Taft's name against our perennial rival." -- ¶ 1
  8. ^ "The High Schools With The Highest SAT/ACT Scores In The Nation". Huffington Post. January 23, 2014. Retrieved 2014.
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  20. ^ "About CLS: Member Schools". Cum Laude Society. 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  21. ^ "Head of School: Leadership Opportunity - July 2013" (PDF). The Hotchkiss School. July 2013.
    • a "...Value of Endowment: $455M." -- Pg. 2
    • b "Approximately 18% of the 1,860 applicants were offered admission this year." -- Pg. 5, ¶ 3
  22. ^ Fabrikant, Geraldine (January 26, 2008). "Age of Riches: At Elite Prep Schools, College-Size Endowments". New York Times. Retrieved 2014.
    • a "Educational Wealth: Some independent schools have accumulated sizeable endowments. Here are some of the largest, at the end of the schools' most recent fiscal year...Hotchkiss School, Lakeville, Conn. 430.0." -- Pg. 1, Inforgraphic
  23. ^ Bowen, John G. "Alumni Accomplishments - A Closer Look: George Van Santvoord '08". Hotchkiss School. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  24. ^ Kolowrat, Ernest (1992). Hotchkiss: A Chronicle of an American School. Hotchkiss School. ISBN 9781461700180. Retrieved 2015.
    • a "Be a gentleman! That was the only rule, the Duke always liked to say, that the school truly had."-- Pg. 33, ¶ 2
  25. ^ Birmingham, Stephen (1987). "America's Secret Aristocracy". Little, Brown and Company. Retrieved 2015.
    • a "His school, the Duke used to say (Hotchkiss) had only one rule, and that was "Be a gentleman," How he defined what a gentleman was he did not say, but what a gentleman was usually became clear when you discovered what a gentleman wasn't. A gentleman didn't cheat. he didn't lie. A gentleman wasn't petty. A gentleman wasn't intolerant of others' shortcomings. A gentleman wasn't a whiner, wasn't a gossip, wasn't a boor, wasn't inconsiderate of others' feelings..."
  26. ^ "American Legends Interviews - Louis Auchincloss: The Rector of Justin". American Legends. Retrieved 2015.
    • a "George Van Santvoord (1891-1975), whose distinguished bearing earned him the nickname the Duke. Van Santvoord, and his predecessor who was known as the King, claimed that at Hotchkiss there was only one rule for students to follow: Be a gentleman."-- ¶ 2
  27. ^ Shields, David D. (Summer 2014). "Hotchkiss Magazine: Summer 2014". Hotchkiss School. Retrieved 2015.
    • a "And the number-one rule in the Blue Book--Be a gentleman."-- Pg. 24, last ¶
  28. ^ "Education: The Duke Steps Down". TIME. November 1, 1954. Retrieved 2015.
    • a "Of all U.S. prep schools, few, if any, can beat the standards Hotchkiss has set. -- ¶ 2
  29. ^ "Jose A. Camprubi, Newspaper Owner". New York Times. New York. March 13, 1942. p. 19.
  30. ^ Branch, Mark Alden (October 2002). "A Firm Foundation: How does an ever-changing cast of undergraduates keep an educational program for New Haven schoolchildren going for 50 years? For the Ulysses S. Grant Foundation, the answer is adaptability". Yale Alumni Magazine. pp. 2, 6. Retrieved 2014. But Eugene Van Voorhis '55, '58LLB remembers when things were different. When Van Voorhis came to Yale from Hotchkiss in 1951, reaching out to New Haven "wasn't the 'shoe' thing to do," he recalls. Undaunted, Van Voorhis started a group to tutor middle school-aged African American students with an eye toward getting them admitted into elite boarding schools at a time when African American applicants were virtually unheard of in such places. Two years later, he incorporated his venture as the Ulysses S. Grant Foundation."... "After two years of tutoring, the first "graduate," Barry Loncke, was admitted to Hotchkiss. Four years later, he was admitted to Yale College in the Class of 1962; he is now a Superior Court judge in Sacramento, California.
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  32. ^ Miller, Chloe (July 19, 2013). "Reunion Held For Hotchkiss School's GO Program: Inner-City Kids Spent Summers At Private School". Hartford Courant. Retrieved 2014. The people that live up there would invite us on the weekends into their homes, to go to church with them and whatnot. There were a lot of families involved to take on all us inner-city kids, and the racial barrier was totally broken," Collins, who is black, said of the mostly white families who took the boys into their homes in Lakeville.
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  35. ^ Xueqin, Jiang (August 11, 2010). "Beijing's Study Abroad Market: Beijing parents expect SAT cramming when selecting a high school. But what about the kids?". The Diplomat. Retrieved 2014.
  36. ^ Boughton, Kathryn (July 19, 2011). "Chinese Students Learn About America at Portals". Litchfield County Times. Retrieved 2014.
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  39. ^ "Connecticut Boarding School Says 7 Former Staffers Sexually Abused Students". HuffPost. Aug 19, 2018. Retrieved 2019.
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  42. ^ Carlson, Wendy (November 18, 2011). "At Prep School, Rolling Up Sleeves and Working the Soil". New York Times. Retrieved 2015.
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  58. ^ a b McDonald, Martha (June 2010). "Winsome Twosome". Traditional Building Magazine. Retrieved 2015.
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  60. ^ Whitten, Ron (28 February 2010). "Small Wonders". Golf Digest. Conde Nast. Retrieved 2015.
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  62. ^ Cruice, Valerie (June 23, 1991). "Franklin's Greatest Hits At Early Music Festival". New York Times. Retrieved 2015. Mr. Bush, who grew up in Greenwich and graduated from the Hotchkiss School and Yale University, is a bit of a musician himself, he said recently.
  63. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Alumni Accomplishments". The Hotchkiss School. 2004. Archived from the original on March 10, 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  64. ^ "Media makers: The Sixth Form" (PDF). Hotchkiss Magazine. Winter 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 18, 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  65. ^ Nemy, Enid (February 7, 2000). "Frederick Vanderbilt Field, Wealthy Leftist, Dies at 94". The New York Times. Retrieved 2015. After graduating from the Hotchkiss School in 1923, Mr. Field entered Harvard.
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  67. ^ Anderson, Jenny (January 17, 2013). "On Antarctic Trip, Students Encounter Whales and a 30-Foot Wave". The New York Times. Retrieved 2015. The three-week adventure, financed significantly by Forrest Mars Jr., an alumnus of Hotchkiss ('49) and an heir to the Mars candy empire who also is on the ship, started with a flight to Santiago, Chile, where students bought sweaters in the local markets.
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Coordinates: 41°56?32?N 73°26?25?W / 41.9422°N 73.4402°W / 41.9422; -73.4402

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