House of Lords Reform Act 2014
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House of Lords Reform Act 2014
House of Lords Reform Act 2014
Long titleAn Act to make provision for resignation from the House of Lords; and to make provision for the expulsion of Members of the House of Lords in specified circumstances.
Citation2014 c. 24
Introduced byDan Byles MP
Territorial extentUnited Kingdom
Dates
Royal assent14 May 2014
Commencement
  • 14 August 2014 (Sections 1-2)
  • 14 May 2014 (Sections 3-7)
Status: Current legislation
Text of statute as originally enacted

The House of Lords Reform Act 2014 is an Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom.[1] It received Royal Assent on 14 May 2014. The Act allows members of the House of Lords to retire or resign - actions previously constitutionally impossible. It also makes provision to exclude members who commit serious criminal offences resulting in a jail sentence of at least one year, and members who fail to attend the House for a whole session. The Act does not have retrospective effect.

As of February 2020, 105 members have resigned or retired and six memberships have ceased under the provisions of the Act regarding non-attendance.

Amongst other things, this Act provides for the right of peers to resign from the House of Lords, whilst keeping their title and style. Section 4(5) states that those who have resigned from the Lords can stand or re-stand as MPs. To date, no such person has become an MP.

Peers retired or resigned under the provisions of the Act

Key
  Conservative       Labour       Crossbench       Liberal Democrats       Non-affiliated       Democratic Unionist
Peer Affiliation Date joined Date retired or resigned Peer Age Died Ref. Former MP
The Baron Grenfell Labour 17 April 2000[a] 1 October 2014 Hereditary[b] 79 [2] No
The Baron Cobbold Crossbench 6 June 2000[c] 13 October 2014 Hereditary 77 [3] No
The Baron Chorley Crossbench 15 October 2001[d] 17 November 2014 Hereditary 84 21 February 2016(2016-02-21) (aged 85) [4] No
The Lady Saltoun Crossbench 3 December 1979 12 December 2014 Hereditary 84 [5] No
The Baron Jenkin of Roding [6] Conservative 3 November 1987 6 January 2015 Life 88 20 December 2016(2016-12-20) (aged 90) [7] Yes
The Baron Waddington [8] Conservative 4 December 1990 26 March 2015 Life 85 23 February 2017(2017-02-23) (aged 87) [9] Yes
The Baron Lloyd of Berwick Crossbench 1 October 1993 27 March 2015 Law Lord 85 [10] No
The Baron Nickson Crossbench 22 March 1994 27 March 2015 Life 85 [11] No
The Baron Joffe Labour 6 February 2000 30 March 2015 Life 82 18 June 2017(2017-06-18) (aged 85) [12] No
The Baron Shaw of Northstead Conservative 30 September 1994 31 March 2015 Life 94 [13] Yes
The Baron Tombs Crossbench 28 February 1990 31 March 2015 Life 90 11 April 2020(2020-04-11) (aged 95) [14] No
The Baron Ashcroft Conservative 20 October 2000 3 April 2015 Life 69 [15] No
The Baron Evans of Parkside Labour 10 June 1997 20 April 2015 Life 84 5 March 2016(2016-03-05) (aged 85) [16] Yes
The Baron Hope of Thornes Crossbench 31 March 2005[e] 30 April 2015 Life 75 [17] No
The Baron Sharman Liberal Democrat 2 August 1999 30 April 2015 Life 72 [18] No
The Viscount Tenby Crossbench 17 November 1983 1 May 2015 Hereditary 87 [19] No
The Baron Phillips of Sudbury Liberal Democrat 25 July 1998 7 May 2015 Life 76 [20] No
The Baron Sandberg Liberal Democrat 2 October 1997 8 May 2015 Life 87 2 July 2017(2017-07-02) (aged 90) [21] No
The Baron Goodhart Liberal Democrat 23 October 1997 15 May 2015 Life 82 10 January 2017(2017-01-10) (aged 83) [22] No
The Baron Sheldon Labour 22 June 2001 18 May 2015 Life 82 2 February 2020(2020-02-02) (aged 87) [23] Yes
The Baron Howe of Aberavon [24] Conservative 30 June 1992 19 May 2015 Life 88 9 October 2015(2015-10-09) (aged 88) [25] Yes
The Baron Prys-Davies Labour 9 February 1983 23 May 2015 Life 91 28 March 2017(2017-03-28) (aged 93) [26] No
The Baron Roper Liberal Democrat 12 May 2000 23 May 2015 Life 79 29 January 2016(2016-01-29) (aged 80) [27] Yes
The Baron Mayhew of Twysden Conservative 12 June 1997 1 June 2015 Life 85 25 June 2016(2016-06-25) (aged 86) [28] Yes
The Baroness Warnock Crossbench 6 February 1985 1 June 2015 [29] Life 91 20 March 2019(2019-03-20) (aged 94) [30] No
The Baron Eden of Winton Conservative 3 October 1983 11 June 2015 Life 89 [31] Yes
The Baron Luke Conservative 8 July 1996 24 June 2015 Hereditary 82 2 October 2015(2015-10-02) (aged 82) [32] No
The Baron Edmiston Conservative 14 January 2011 22 July 2015 Life 68 [33] No
The Viscount Montgomery of Alamein Crossbench[f] 27 June 2005[g] 23 July 2015 Hereditary 86 8 January 2020(2020-01-08) (aged 91) [34] No
The Baroness Wilkins Labour 30 July 1999 23 July 2015 Life 69 [35] No
The Baron Sewel Non-affiliated[h] 10 January 1996 30 July 2015 Life 69 [36] No
The Baron Simpson of Dunkeld Labour 5 November 1997 30 July 2015 Life 73 [37] No
The Baron Parkinson [38] Conservative 29 June 1992 14 September 2015 Life 84 22 January 2016(2016-01-22) (aged 84) [39] Yes
The Baron Brooke of Sutton Mandeville [40] Conservative 30 July 2001 18 September 2015 Life 81 [41] Yes
The Baron Chalfont Crossbench 11 November 1964 10 November 2015 Life 95 10 January 2020(2020-01-10) (aged 100) [42] No
The Baron Stewartby Conservative 20 July 1992 12 November 2015 Life 80 8 March 2018(2018-03-08) (aged 82) [43] Yes
The Baron Soulsby of Swaffham Prior Conservative 22 May 1990 31 December 2015 Life 89 8 May 2017(2017-05-08) (aged 90) [44] No
The Baron Dixon Labour 9 June 1997 9 February 2016 Life 86 19 February 2017(2017-02-19) (aged 87) [45] Yes
The Baroness Williams of Crosby Liberal Democrat 1 February 1993 11 February 2016 Life 85 [46] Yes
The Baroness Linklater of Butterstone Liberal Democrat 1 November 1997 12 February 2016 Life 72 [47] No
The Baron Browne-Wilkinson Crossbench 1 October 1991 1 March 2016 Law Lord 85 25 July 2018(2018-07-25) (aged 88) [48] No
The Baron Vincent of Coleshill Crossbench 3 September 1996 9 March 2016 Life 84 8 September 2018(2018-09-08) (aged 87) [49] No
The Baroness Knight of Collingtree Conservative 23 September 1997 24 March 2016 Life 92 [50] Yes
The Baron Barber of Tewkesbury Crossbench 12 August 1992 25 March 2016 Life 97 21 November 2017(2017-11-21) (aged 99) [51] No
The Earl of Snowdon Crossbench 6 October 1961 31 March 2016 Hereditary[i] 86 13 January 2017(2017-01-13) (aged 86) [52] No
The Baron Renton of Mount Harry Conservative 9 June 1997 14 April 2016 Life 83 [53] Yes
The Baron Cameron of Lochbroom Crossbench 8 June 1984 21 April 2016 Life 84 [54] No
The Baron Inge Crossbench 21 July 1997 25 April 2016 Life 80 [55] No
The Baroness Perry of Southwark Conservative 16 July 1991 26 May 2016 Life 84 [56] No
The Baron Hurd of Westwell [57] Conservative 13 June 1997 9 June 2016 Life 86 [58] Yes
The Baron Macfarlane of Bearsden Conservative 29 July 1991 21 July 2016 Life 90 [59] No
The Baroness Sharp of Guildford Liberal Democrat 1 August 1998 31 July 2016 Life 77 [60] No
The Baron Tordoff Liberal Democrat 11 May 1981 13 October 2016 Life 88 22 June 2019(2019-06-22) (aged 90) [61] No
The Baron Wade of Chorlton Conservative 16 May 1990 1 November 2016 Life 83 7 June 2018(2018-06-07) (aged 85) [62] No
The Baron Scott of Foscote Crossbench 17 July 2000 21 December 2016 Law Lord 82 [63] No
The Baron Mackay of Drumadoon Crossbench 13 December 1995 17 January 2017 Life 70 21 August 2018(2018-08-21) (aged 72) [64] No
The Baron McCluskey Crossbench 29 September 1976 1 March 2017 Life 87 20 July 2017(2017-07-20) (aged 88) [65] No
The Baron Nicholls of Birkenhead Crossbench 3 October 1994 3 April 2017 Law Lord 84 25 September 2019(2019-09-25) (aged 86) [66] No
The Baron Macdonald of Tradeston [67] Labour 2 October 1998 27 April 2017 Life 76 [68] No
The Baron May of Oxford Crossbench 18 July 2001 2 May 2017 Life 81 28 April 2020(2020-04-28) (aged 84) [69] No
The Baron Millett Crossbench 1 October 1998 4 May 2017 Law Lord 84 [70] No
The Baroness Lockwood Labour 27 February 1978 18 May 2017 Life 93 29 April 2019(2019-04-29) (aged 95) [71] No
The Baron Hattersley [72] Labour 24 November 1997 19 May 2017 Life 84 [73] Yes
The Marquess of Salisbury Conservative 29 April 1992 8 June 2017 Hereditary[j] 70 [74] Yes
The Baron Simon of Highbury Non-affiliated 16 May 1997 9 June 2017 Life 77 [75] No
The Baron Walpole Crossbench 19 September 1989 13 June 2017 Hereditary 78 [76] No
The Baron Feldman Conservative 15 January 1996 30 June 2017 [77] Life 93 19 November 2019(2019-11-19) (aged 96) [78] No
The Earl of Mar and Kellie Liberal Democrat 19 April 2000[k] 30 June 2017 Hereditary[l] 68 [79] No
The Baron Lloyd-Webber Conservative 18 February 1997 17 October 2017 Life 69 [80] No
The Baroness Trumpington Conservative 4 February 1980 24 October 2017 Life 95 26 November 2018(2018-11-26) (aged 96) [81] No
The Baroness Paisley of St. George's Democratic Unionist 14 June 2006 30 October 2017 Life 85 [82] No
The Baron Plumb Conservative 6 April 1987 3 November 2017 Life 92 [83] No
The Baron Tanlaw Conservative 21 May 1971 3 November 2017 Life 83 [84] No
The Baroness Sharples Conservative 18 June 1973 18 December 2017 Life 94 [85] No
The Baron Condon Crossbench 27 June 2001 21 December 2017 Life 70 [86] No
The Baron MacLaurin of Knebworth Conservative 18 October 1996 22 December 2017 Life 80 [87] No
The Baron Blyth of Rowington Conservative 24 July 1995 1 January 2018 Life 77 [88] No
The Baron Clinton-Davis Labour 8 May 1990 10 January 2018 Life 89 [89] Yes
The Baron Sanderson of Bowden Conservative 5 June 1985 29 March 2018 Life 74 [90] No
The Baron Renwick of Clifton Crossbench 26 September 1997 31 March 2018 Life 80 [91] No
The Baron Hutton Crossbench 6 January 1997 23 April 2018 Law Lord 85 [92] No
The Baron Kirkhill Labour 17 July 1975 30 April 2018 Life 87 [93] No
The Earl Baldwin of Bewdley Crossbench 15 November 1977 9 May 2018 Hereditary 80 [94] No
The Baron Glentoran Conservative 13 November 1995 1 June 2018 Hereditary 83 [95] No
The Baron Fearn Liberal Democrat 11 July 2001 11 July 2018 Life 87 [96] Yes
The Baroness Blood Labour 31 July 1999 4 September 2018 Life 80 [97] No
The Baron Northbourne Crossbench 5 November 1982 4 September 2018 Hereditary 92 8 September 2019(2019-09-08) (aged 93) [98] No
The Baron Lester of Herne Hill Non-affiliated[m] 13 October 1993 12 December 2018 Life 82 [99] No
The Baroness Richardson of Calow Crossbench 3 August 1998 20 December 2018 Life 80 [100] No
The Baron Higgins Conservative 28 October 1997 1 January 2019 Life 90 [101] Yes
The Baroness Howells of St. Davids Labour 21 July 1999 10 January 2019 Life 87 [102] No
The Baron Mogg Crossbench 28 May 2008 14 January 2019 Life 75 [103] No
The Baron Smith of Clifton Liberal Democrat 4 November 1997 31 January 2019 Life 81 [104] No
The Baron Cullen of Whitekirk Crossbench 17 June 2003 1 February 2019 Life 83 [105] No
The Baroness Oppenheim-Barnes Conservative 9 February 1989 25 February 2019 Life 90 [106] Yes
The Baron Ouseley Crossbench 26 June 2001 24 May 2019 Life 74 [107] No
The Baroness Gould of Potternewton Labour 6 October 1993 22 July 2019 Life 86 [108] No
The Baron MacGregor of Pulham Market [109] Conservative 5 July 2001 26 July 2019 Life 82 [110] Yes
The Baron Palumbo Conservative 4 February 1991 2 September 2019 Life 84 [111] No
The Baron Carswell Crossbench 12 January 2004 29 October 2019 Law Lord 85 [112] No
The Baroness Emerton Crossbench 17 February 1997 1 November 2019 Life 84 [113] No
The Earl of Crawford and Balcarres Conservative 24 January 1975 28 November 2019 Hereditary[n] 92 [114] Yes
The Baron Wright of Richmond Crossbench 10 February 1994 17 December 2019 Life 88 6 March 2020(2020-03-06) (aged 88) [115] No
The Baron Vallance of Tummel Liberal Democrat 22 June 2004 13 January 2020 Life 85 [116] No
The Baron Elystan-Morgan Crossbench 27 May 1981 12 February 2020 Life 87 [117] Yes
The Earl of Selborne Non-affiliated[o] 23 December 1971 26 March 2020 Hereditary 80 [118] No
The Baron Steel of Aikwood Non-affiliated[p] 6 June 1997 27 March 2020 Life 81 [119] Yes
The Baron Brookman Labour 30 July 1998 2 April 2020 Life 83 [120] No
The Countess of Mar Crossbench 11 September 1975 1 May 2020 Hereditary 79 [121] No
The Baroness Byford Conservative 15 October 1996 5 May 2020 Life 79 [122] No
  1. ^ Previously sat 1976-1999.
  2. ^ Sat by virtue of a life peerage since 2000.
  3. ^ Previously sat 1987-1999.
  4. ^ Previously sat 1978-1999.
  5. ^ Previously sat 1991-2005, as Bishop of London to 1995 and then as Archbishop of York.
  6. ^ Sat as Conservative from 1976 to 1999.
  7. ^ Previously sat 1976-1999.
  8. ^ Labour until 2012.
  9. ^ Sat by virtue of a life peerage since 1999.
  10. ^ Sat by virtue of a life peerage since 1999 as a former Leader of the House of Lords.
  11. ^ Previously sat 1993-1999.
  12. ^ Sat by virtue of a life peerage since 2000.
  13. ^ Liberal Democrat until 2018.
  14. ^ Sat by virtue of a life peerage until December 1975 and since 1999.
  15. ^ Conservative until 2019.
  16. ^ Liberal Democrat until March 2019 and from May 2019 to February 2020.

Additionally, The 3rd Baron Montagu of Beaulieu had given written notice that he would retire on 17 September 2015; however, he died on 31 August 2015.[123]

Peers removed for non-attendance under the provisions of the Act

Peer Affiliation Date joined Date removed Peer Age Died Ref. Former MP
The Baron Bridges Crossbench 27 August 1969 18 May 2016 Hereditary 88 27 May 2017 [124] No
The Baron Neill of Bladen Crossbench 28 November 1997 18 May 2016 Life 89 28 May 2016 [125] No
The Baron Thomas of Macclesfield Labour 5 November 1997 18 May 2016 Life 78 1 July 2018 [126] No
The Baroness Thomas of Walliswood Liberal Democrat 6 October 1994 18 May 2016 Life 80 [127] No
The Baroness Turner of Camden Labour 29 May 1985 13 June 2017 Life 89 26 February 2018 [128] No
The Baron Wolfson of Sunningdale Conservative 26 March 1991 13 June 2017 Life 81 [129] No

See also

References

  1. ^ "House of Lords Reform Act 2014", legislation.gov.uk, The National Archives, 2014 c. 24
  2. ^ "Lord Grenfell". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  3. ^ "Lord Cobbold". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  4. ^ "Lord Chorley". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  5. ^ "Lady Saltoun of Abernethy". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  6. ^ Former Cabinet Minister
  7. ^ "Lord Jenkin of Roding". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  8. ^ Former Home Secretary
  9. ^ "Lord Waddington". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  10. ^ "Lord Lloyd of Berwick". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  11. ^ "Lord Nickson". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  12. ^ "Lord Joffe". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  13. ^ "Lord Shaw of Northstead". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  14. ^ "Lord Tombs". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  15. ^ "Lord Ashcroft". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  16. ^ "Lord Evans of Parkside". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  17. ^ "Lord Hope of Thornes". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  18. ^ "Lord Sharman". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  19. ^ "Viscount Tenby". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  20. ^ "Lord Phillips of Sudbury". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  21. ^ "Lord Sandberg". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  22. ^ "Lord Goodhart". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  23. ^ "Lord Sheldon". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  24. ^ Former Deputy Prime Minister, Chancellor of the Exchequer and Foreign Secretary
  25. ^ "Lord Howe of Aberavon". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  26. ^ "Lord Prys-Davies". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  27. ^ "Lord Roper". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  28. ^ "Lord Mayhew of Twysden". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  29. ^ Died 20 March 2019
  30. ^ "Baroness Warnock". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  31. ^ "Lord Eden of Winton". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  32. ^ "Lord Luke". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  33. ^ "Lord Edmiston". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  34. ^ "Viscount Montgomery of Alamein". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  35. ^ "Baroness Wilkins". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  36. ^ "Lord Sewel". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  37. ^ "Lord Simpson of Dunkeld". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  38. ^ Former Cabinet Minister
  39. ^ "Lord Parkinson". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  40. ^ Former Cabinet Minister
  41. ^ "Lord Brooke of Sutton Mandeville". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  42. ^ "Lord Chalfont". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  43. ^ "Lord Stewartby". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  44. ^ "Lord Soulsby of Swaffham Prior". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  45. ^ "Lord Dixon". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  46. ^ "Baroness Williams of Crosby". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  47. ^ "Baroness Linklater of Butterstone". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  48. ^ "Lord Browne-Wilkinson". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  49. ^ "Lord Vincent of Coleshill". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  50. ^ "Baroness Knight of Collingtree". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  51. ^ "Lord Barber of Tewkesbury". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  52. ^ "Earl of Snowdon". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  53. ^ "Lord Renton of Mount Harry". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  54. ^ "Lord Cameron of Lochbroom". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  55. ^ "Lord Inge". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  56. ^ "Baroness Perry of Southwark". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  57. ^ Former Foreign Secretary and Home Secretary
  58. ^ "Lord Hurd of Westwell". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  59. ^ "Lord Macfarlane of Bearsden". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  60. ^ "Baroness Sharp of Guildford". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  61. ^ "Lord Tordoff". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  62. ^ "Lord Wade of Chorlton". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  63. ^ "Lord Scott of Foscote". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  64. ^ "Lord Mackay of Drumadoon". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  65. ^ "Lord McCluskey". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  66. ^ "Lord Nicholls of Birkenhead". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  67. ^ Former Cabinet Minister
  68. ^ "Lord Macdonald of Tradeston". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  69. ^ "Lord May of Oxford". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  70. ^ "Lord Millett". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  71. ^ "Baroness Lockwood". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  72. ^ Former Cabinet Minister
  73. ^ "Lord Hattersley". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  74. ^ "Marquess of Salisbury". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  75. ^ "Lord Simon of Highbury". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  76. ^ "Lord Walpole". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  77. ^ Died 19 November 2019
  78. ^ "Lord Feldman". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  79. ^ "The Earl of Mar and Kellie". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  80. ^ "Lord Lloyd-Webber". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  81. ^ "Baroness Trumpington". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  82. ^ "Baroness Paisley of St George's". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  83. ^ "Lord Plumb". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  84. ^ "Lord Tanlaw". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  85. ^ "Baroness Sharples". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  86. ^ "Lord Condon". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  87. ^ "Lord MacLaurin of Knebworth". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  88. ^ "Lord Blyth of Rowington". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  89. ^ "Lord Clinton-Davis". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  90. ^ "Lord Sanderson of Bowden". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  91. ^ "Lord Renwick of Clifton". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  92. ^ "Lord Hutton". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  93. ^ "Lord Kirkhill". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  94. ^ "Earl Baldwin of Bewdley". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  95. ^ "Lord Glentoran". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  96. ^ "Lord Fearn". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  97. ^ "Baroness Blood". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  98. ^ "Lord Northbourne". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  99. ^ "Lord Lester of Herne Hill". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  100. ^ "Baroness Richardson of Calow". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  101. ^ "Lord Higgins". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2019.
  102. ^ "Baroness Howells of St Davids". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2019.
  103. ^ "Lord Mogg". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2019.
  104. ^ "Lord Smith of Clifton". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2019.
  105. ^ "Lord Cullen of Whitekirk". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2019.
  106. ^ "Baroness Oppenheim-Barnes". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2019.
  107. ^ "Lord Ouseley". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2019.
  108. ^ "Baroness Gould of Potternewton". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2019.
  109. ^ Former Cabinet Minister
  110. ^ "Lord MacGregor of Pulham Market". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2019.
  111. ^ "Lord Palumbo". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2019.
  112. ^ "Lord Carswell". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2019.
  113. ^ "Baroness Emerton". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2019.
  114. ^ "Earl of Crawford and Balcarres". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2019.
  115. ^ "Lord Wright of Richmond". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2019.
  116. ^ "Lord Vallance of Tummel". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2020.
  117. ^ "Lord Elystan-Morgan". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2020.
  118. ^ "Earl of Selborne". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2020.
  119. ^ "Lord Steel of Aikwood". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2020.
  120. ^ "Lord Brookman". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2020.
  121. ^ "The Countess of Mar". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2020.
  122. ^ "Baroness Byford". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2020.
  123. ^ "Minutes of Proceedings of Wednesday 15 July 2015". House of Lords, UK Parliament.
  124. ^ "Lord Bridges". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  125. ^ "Lord Neill of Bladen". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  126. ^ "Lord Thomas of Macclesfield". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  127. ^ "Baroness Thomas of Walliswood". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  128. ^ "Baroness Turner of Camden". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.
  129. ^ "Lord Wolfson of Sunningdale". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018.

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