|Huaqing Hot Springs|
Stone carving Huaqing Pool.
|Location||Mount Li, Qinling, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China|
Huaqing Pool, or the Huaqing Hot Springs, are a complex of hot springs located in an area characterized by mild weather and scenic views at the northern foot of Mount Li, one of the three major peaks of the Qinling. The Huaqing Hot Springs are located approximately 25 km east of Xi'an (formerly Chang'an, the western capital of the Tang dynasty), in the province of Shaanxi, China.
The spring used the locally-occurring geothermal heating and features a long documented history of almost three millennia, having served as the location for several palaces built during the reigns of past Chinese dynastic rulers, including King You of the Zhou dynasty, Qin Shi Huang of the Qin dynasty, and an expanded version by Wu Han of the Han dynasty.
Under the Tang emperors Taizong and Xuanzong, with the latter had the structure rebuilt in 723 as part of the Huaqing Palace (), and is famous as the supposed scene of Xuanzong's romance with his consort Yang Guifei.. However, during the events associated with the An Lushan rebellion, considerable damage was done to the site. Nevertheless, the historical legacy of the Huaqing pools has received lasting commemoration, such as in the following mention of Emperor Xuanzong and Yang in Bai Juyi's poem "Song of Everlasting Regret":
This site was also the scene of the 1936 Xi'an Incident, when Chiang Kai-shek was kidnapped by former warlord Zhang Xueliang and forced to participate in a United Front with the Chinese Communist Party to oppose Japanese encroachment on China.
"Lady Yang's Pool", a reconstructed Qing version, later used by Chiang Kai-shek.