|Subdivisions||Districts: 8, Municipalities: 41|
|o Governor||Toshiz? Ido|
|o Total||8,400.94 km2 (3,243.62 sq mi)|
(June 1, 2019)
|o Density||650/km2 (1,700/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||JP-28|
|Bird||Oriental white stork (Ciconia boyciana)|
|Flower||Nojigiku (Chrysanthemum japonense)|
|Tree||Camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora)|
Hy?go Prefecture (, Hy?go-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Kansai region of Honshu. Hy?go Prefecture has a population of 5,469,762 (1 June 2019) and has a geographic area of 8,400 km² (3,243 sq mi). Hy?go Prefecture borders Kyoto Prefecture to the east, Osaka Prefecture to the southeast, and Okayama Prefecture and Tottori Prefecture to the west.
K?be is the capital and largest city of Hy?go Prefecture, and the sixth-largest city in Japan, with other major cities including Himeji, Nishinomiya, and Amagasaki. Hy?go Prefecture's mainland stretches from the Sea of Japan to the Seto Inland Sea, where Awaji Island and a small archipelago of islands belonging to the prefecture are located. Hy?go Prefecture is a major economic center, transportation hub, and tourist destination in western Japan, with 20% of the prefecture's land area was designated as Natural Parks. Hy?go Prefecture forms part of the Keihanshin metropolitan area, the second-most-populated urban region in Japan after the Greater Tokyo area and one of the world's most productive regions by GDP.
In 1180, near the end of the Heian period, Emperor Antoku, Taira no Kiyomori, and the Imperial court moved briefly to Fukuhara, in what is now the city of Kobe. There the capital remained for five months.
Southern Hy?go Prefecture was severely devastated by the 6.9 Mw Great Hanshin earthquake of 1995, which destroyed major parts of Kobe and Awaji, as well as Takarazuka and neighboring Osaka Prefecture, killing nearly 6,500 people. In 2020 Hy?go became one of the worst affected prefectures for the COVID-19 virus in Western Japan.
Hy?go has coastlines on two seas: to the north, the Sea of Japan, to the south, the Seto Inland Sea. On Awaji Island, Hy?go borders the Pacific Ocean coastline in the Kii Channel. The northern portion is sparsely populated, except for the city of Toyooka, and the central highlands are only populated by tiny villages. Most of Hy?go's population lives on the southern coast, which is part of the Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto metropolitan area. Awaji is an island that separates the Inland Sea and Osaka Bay, lying between Honshu and Shikoku.
Summertime weather throughout Hy?go is hot and humid. As for winter conditions in Hy?go, the north of Hy?go tends to receive abundant snow, whilst the south receives only the occasional flurry.
As of March 31, 2008, 20% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Sanin Kaigan and Setonaikai National Parks; Hy?nosen-Ushiroyama-Nagisan Quasi-National Park; and Asago Gunzan, Harima Ch?bu Ky?ry?, Inagawa Keikoku, Izushi-Itoi, Kasagatayama-Sengamine, Kiyomizu-T?j?ko-Tachikui, Onzui-Chikusa, Seiban Ky?ry?, Seppiko-Mineyama, Tajima Sangaku, and Taki Renzan Prefectural Natural Parks.
Twenty-nine cities are located in Hy?go Prefecture:
These are the towns in each district:
Two major artificial islands are located Hy?go Prefecture:
Sanin Kaigan National Park (Tajima-mihonoura of Sanin Coast in Shinonsen)
The city of Ak? and the only town in Ak? District (Kamig?ri), were scheduled to merge and the city would still retain the name Ak?. Ak? District would be defunct if the merger was successful. However, the merger hasn't taken place.
As in all prefectures nationwide, agriculture, forestry, and fisheries play a big role in the economy of Hyogo Prefecture. Hy?go Prefecture also has an IT industry, many heavy industries, metal and medical, Kobe Port being one of the largest ports in Japan. Kobe Port also hosts one of the world's fastest supercomputers, and Hyogo Prefecture passed laws to keep Kobe Port free of nuclear weapons (a nuclear-free zone) since the year 1975.
Hy?go is a part of the Hanshin Industrial Region. There are two research institutes of Riken, natural sciences research institute in Japan, in Kobe and Harima. "SPring-8", a synchrotron radiation facility, is in Harima.
There are 163 public and 52 private high schools within Hyogo prefecture. Of the public high schools, some are administered by the Hyogo prefectural government, whilst the others are administered by local municipalities.
The sports teams listed below are based in Hy?go.
Arima Onsen in the south of the province in Kita-ku, Kobe is one of the Three Ancient Springs in Japan. The north of Hyogo Prefecture has sightseeing spots such as Kinosaki Onsen, Izushi, and Yumura Onsen. Takeda Castle in Asago is often referred to locally as the "Machu Picchu of Japan". The matsuba crab and Tajima beef are both national delicacies.
Arima Onsen, Kobe
million-dollar view, Kobe
Awaji Yumebutai in Awaji
Kuchiganaya in Asago
Tonomine highland in Kamikawa
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In 1981, a sister state agreement was drawn up between Hyogo and the state of Western Australia in Australia. To commemorate the 10th anniversary of this agreement in 1992, the Hyogo Prefectural Government Cultural Centre was established in Perth.