IBM 3486 Terminal, a later terminal with 5250 functionality, capable of supporting two independent sessions concurrently, and with an amber screen
. The original 5251-1 had a much smaller keyboard.
IBM 5250 is a family of block-oriented terminals originally introduced with the IBM System/34 midrange computer systems in 1977. It also connects to the later System/36, System/38, and AS/400 and System i systems, and to IBM Power Systems systems running IBM i.
5250 devices can be directly attached to the host or communicate remotely using Synchronous Data Link Control (SDLC) at up to 9600bit/s. Devices can also be clustered or daisy-chained.
In 1980 the 5250 system consisted of the following components:
- 5251 Display Station. The monochrome text-only display can be either 960 characters, formatted as 12 lines of 80 characters, or 1920 characters as 24 lines of 80 characters. Upper and lower case is standard. Text attributes consist of blink, high intensity, reverse video, non-display, underscore, and a unique column separator that causes the field to be preceded and followed by a vertical bar. 5251 and 5252 input format control attributes are optimized for data entry applications and offer significant enhancements over previous 3270 terminals.
- 5252 Dual Display Station. The 5252 features a single CRT displayed 12 lines each on two different sides back to back in a single case, with separate keyboards. The 5252 was not part of the initial announcement.
- 5256 printer. The 5256 is a tabletop serial dot matrix printer with three models providing speeds of 40, 60, or 120cps and a print line of 132 characters.
5251/5252 format control
Field attributes also define the type of data the operator can enter into a field, and specify other control information for the field.
- A field can be defined as alpha only, numeric only, or alphanumeric.
- Auto enter simulates an ENTER key press at the conclusion of the field.
- Bypass automatically skips over a field in the screen.
- Duplicate enable allows the operator to press the DUP key in a field, entering a special code which is interpreted by the application program - typically duplicating data in this field from the previous record or line.
- Field exit required forces the operator to manually exit this field, rather than automatically advancing to the next field after entering the last character.
- Mandatory entry specifies that the operator must enter data in this field and is not allowed to tab over it.
- Monocase translates lower-case characters entered into this field to upper-case.
- Mandatory fill specifies that this field must be entirely filled if any data is entered into it.
- Right adjust will right adjust data entered in a field when the operator exits the field.
- Signed numeric reserves the rightmost position of a field for a sign - blank for positive or '-' for negative.
The 5250 is a block-oriented terminal similar to, but not compatible with, the IBM 3270. Robustly constructed, 5251 terminals weigh roughly 36 kilograms (79 lb). The devices generate an audible clicking sound as the user types, similar to the electric typewriters of the era.
The 5250 data stream definition has been refined over time to include GUI elements such as pop-up windowing, check and option boxes, mouse handling, and pull-down menus. The term "5250" now refers to the data stream itself. Few physical 5250 terminals with their bulky twinax cables still exist, although they are occasionally still used to provide a "connection of last resort," hard-wired to the host computer. Today, it is more common to use PC or web-based terminal emulation packages that can interpret and display 5250 data streams.
Telnet 5250, or TN5250 describes either the process of sending and receiving 5250 data streams using the telnet protocol or the software that emulates a 5250 class terminal communication via that process. TN5250 allows a 5250 terminal emulator to communicate over a TCP/IP network instead of an SNA network. Standard telnet clients cannot be used as a substitute for TN5250 clients, as they use a different data stream format.