Ibn Athir
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Ibn Athir

Ibn Ath?r is the family name of three brothers, all famous in Arabic literature, born at Jaz?rat ibn Umar[1] in Cizre nowadays in south-eastern Turkey.


Majd ad-D?n

The eldest brother, known as Majd ad-D?n (1149-1210), was long in the service of the amir of Mosul, and was an earnest student of tradition and language. His dictionary of traditions (Kit?b an-Ni/zdya) was published at Cairo (1893), and his dictionary of family names (Kit?b ul-Murassa) has been edited by Ferdinand Seybold (Weimar, 1896).[1]

Diy?' ad-D?n

The youngest brother ? ? ? Diy?' ad-D?n (1163-1239), served under Saladin from 1191 and his son al-Malik al-Afdal who succeeded him, served in Egypt, Samosata, Aleppo, Mosul and Baghdad. He was one of the most famous aesthetic and stylistic critics of Arabian literature. His works include:

  • "Book of Analysis" or Kitab at-Tahlil (? ?)[2] published by Bulaq Press in 1865 (cf. Journal of the German Oriental Society, xxxv. 148, and Ignaz Goldziher's Abhandlungen, i. 161 sqq.). This contains very independent criticism of ancient and modern Arabic verse.[1]
  • al-Washy al-marm (Beirut 1298).
  • al-J?mi? al-kab?r, ed. by Muaf? D?j?aw?d and D?j?amil Sad (Bag?h?d?d 1375, 1956).
  • al-Mathal al-sir, ed. by Mu?ammad Mu?y al-D?n 'Abd al-?am?d, 2 vols (Cairo 1939).[3]
  • al-Istidr?k fi 'l-akhdh ?ala 'l-Mkhidh al-Kindiyya (Cairo 1958)
  • One of the collections of his Rasil, ed. by An?s al-Ma?dis? (Beirut 1959) (based on the manuscript Topkapisaray Ahmed III, 2630)
  • A selection of his letters published by David Samuel Margoliouth are available under the title On the Royal Correspondence of Diy?' ad-D?n al-Jazar? in the Actes du dixieme congrès international des orientalistes, sect. 3, pp. 7-21.[1]

Ali ibn al-Athir

The most famous brother was Ali ibn al-Athir (May 13, 1160 - 1233), who devoted himself to the study of history and Islamic tradition. At the age of twenty-one he settled with his father in Mosul and continued his studies there. In the service of the amir for many years, he visited Baghdad and Jerusalem and later Aleppo and Damascus. He died in Mosul. His world history, the al-K?mil fi t-tar?kh[4] (The Complete History), extends to the year 1231. It has been edited by Carl Tornberg, Ibn al-Ath?r Chronicon quod perfectissinum inscribitur (14 vols., Leiden, 1851-1876). The first part of this work up to A.H. 310 (A.D. 923) is an abbreviation of the work of Tabari with minor additions. Ibn Ath?r also wrote a history of the Atabegs of Mosul at-Tar?kh al-atabak?ya, published in the Recueil des historiens des croisades (vol. ii., Paris); a work (Usd al-Ghdba) giving an account of 7,500 companions of the Muslim prophet Muhammad (5 vols., Cairo, 1863), and a compendium (the Lub?b) of Samani's Kit?b ui-A n.~db (cf. Ferdinand Wüstenfeld's Specimen el-Lobabi, Göttingen, 1835).[1]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainThatcher, Griffithes Wheeler (1911). "Ibn Ath?r". In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.). Encyclopædia Britannica. 14 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 219.
  2. ^ URL: http://download-story-pdf-ebooks.com/6557-free-book.
  3. ^ For further information on editions, see S. A. Bonebakker, 'Notes on Some Old Manuscripts of the Adab al-k?tib of ibn Qutayba, the Kit?b a?-?inatayn of Ab? Hil?l al-?Askar?, and the Ma?al as-sir of ?iy ad-D?n ibn al-Ar', Oriens, 13/14 (1960/1961), 159-194 (pp. 186-194).
  4. ^ URL: https://archive.org/details/Alkamil_Fi_Tarikh

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