|Illinois's 16th congressional district|
Illinois's 16th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
|Area||7,918 sq mi (20,510 km2)|
|Population (2011 est.)||713,840|
The 16th Congressional District of Illinois is represented by Republican Adam Kinzinger.
The congressional district covers parts of DeKalb, Ford, Stark, Will and Winnebago counties, and all of Boone, Bureau, Grundy, Iroquois, LaSalle, Lee, Livingston, Ogle and Putnam counties, as of the 2011 redistricting which followed the 2010 census. All or parts of Belvidere, Channahon, DeKalb, Dixon, Loves Park, Machesney Park, Ottawa, Morris, Pontiac, Rockford and Streator are included. The representatives for these districts were elected in the 2012 primary and general elections, and the boundaries became effective on January 5, 2013.
Prominent past representatives from the 16th district have included Everett Dirksen, who went on to become the Republican leader in the United States Senate; John B. Anderson, who became the 3rd highest ranking Republican in the House and went on to run as a major independent candidate in the 1980 Presidential election; and Lynn Martin, who later served as United States Secretary of Labor.
For decades, the 16th district was the most geographically stable district in Illinois. For more than six decades, in comparison to the other districts in the state, it was almost stationary. While its shape fluctuated slightly after each census, in general it included the northwest corner of the state, extending just far enough to the east to include its largest city, Rockford. By the 1990s, it extended eastward to include part of McHenry County, an outer suburb of Chicago. This geographic stability also contributed to electoral stability. It first became a Rockford-based district for the 1948 election, and from then until 2010 it was represented by just five people, all but one of whom was a Republican.
However, with the new map drawn for 2012, the familiar shape of the 16th was rendered unrecognizable. It was pushed well to the east to take in the extreme exurban region of the Chicago metropolitan area, and stretches from the Wisconsin border to the Indiana border. While it still included most of Rockford's suburbs, half of Rockford itself--essentially the more Democratic portion of the city--was shifted to the 17th district.
|Election results from presidential races|
|2016||President||Trump 55 - 38%|
|2012||President||Romney 53 - 45%|
|2008||President||Obama 50 - 48%|
|2004||President||Bush 55 - 44%|
|2000||President||Bush 54 - 43%|
|District created||March 4, 1873|
|James S. Martin||Republican||March 4, 1873 - March 3, 1875||43rd|
|William A. J. Sparks||Democratic||March 4, 1875 - March 3, 1883||44th
|Aaron Shaw||Democratic||March 4, 1883 - March 3, 1885||48th|
|Silas Z. Landes||Democratic||March 4, 1885 - March 3, 1889||49th
|George W. Fithian||Democratic||March 4, 1889 - March 3, 1895||51st
|Finis E. Downing||Democratic||March 4, 1895 - June 5, 1896||54th||Lost contested election|
|John I. Rinaker||Republican||June 5, 1896 - March 3, 1897||54th||Won contested election|
|William H. Hinrichsen||Democratic||March 4, 1897 - March 3, 1899||55th|
|William E. Williams||Democratic||March 4, 1899 - March 3, 1901||56th|
|Thomas J. Selby||Democratic||March 4, 1901 - March 3, 1903||57th|
|Joseph V. Graff||Republican||March 4, 1903 - March 3, 1911||58th
|Redistricted from the 14th district|
|Claude U. Stone||Democratic||March 4, 1911 - March 3, 1917||62nd
|Clifford C. Ireland||Republican||March 4, 1917 - March 3, 1923||65th
|William E. Hull||Republican||March 4, 1923 - March 3, 1933||68th
|Everett Dirksen||Republican||March 4, 1933 - January 3, 1949||73rd
|Leo E. Allen||Republican||January 3, 1949 - January 3, 1961||81st
|Redistricted from the 13th district|
|John B. Anderson||Republican||January 3, 1961 - January 3, 1981||87th
|Lynn Morley Martin||Republican||January 3, 1981 - January 3, 1991||97th
|John W. Cox, Jr.||Democratic||January 3, 1991 - January 3, 1993||102nd|
|Don Manzullo||Republican||January 3, 1993 - January 3, 2013||103rd
|Lost contested primary|
|Adam Kinzinger||Republican||January 3, 2013 - Present||113th
|Redistricted from the 11th district|
There are currently three living former members of the House from the district. The most recent to die was John B. Anderson (served 1961-1981), on December 3, 2017.
|Representative||Years served||Date of birth|
|Lynn Martin||1981 - 1991||December 26, 1939|
|John W. Cox||1991 - 1993||July 10, 1947|
|Don Manzullo||1993 - 2013||March 24, 1944|