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Research & Development General Management Public Administration Defence Production
IOFS officers Association (IOFSA)
Red, Navy Blue and Sky Blue
DGOF & Chairman, OFB Current: Saurabh Kumar
Head of the Civil Services
Cabinet Secretary Current: Rajiv gauba
The Indian Ordnance Factories Service (IOFS) is a civil service of the Government of India. IOFS officers are Gazetted (Group A) defence-civilian officers under the Ministry of Defence. They are responsible for the management of the Indian Ordnance Factories, which provide the defence production capabilities of India.
During the colonial times, the administrative service of Ordnance was known as the Indian Ordnance Service. It was constituted in the year 1935. It had only European officers in the years that followed. They were engineering graduates who had to undergo specialised training prior joining the service. In 1939, there was only one Indian officer and the remaining forty-four officers were of European origin.
IOFS was reconstituted in its present form in 1954 with the cadre controlling authority of Ministry of Defence - Department of Defence Production with a cadre size of 1760 posts. The source of recruitment was through direct recruitment 60%; by promotion 40% and no lateral entries.
IOFS is a multi-disciplinary composite cadre consisting of technical - engineers (Civil, Electrical, Mechanical, Electronics), technologists (Chemical, Metallurgical, Textile, Leather) and non-technical/administrative (Science, Law, Commerce, Management and Arts graduates). Technical posts comprise about 87% of the total cadre. The doctors (Surgeons and Physicians) serving in OFB belong to a separate service known as the Indian Ordnance Factories Health Service (IOFHS). IOFHS officers are responsible for the maintenance of health of the employees, and the hospitals of OFB. They report directly to the IOFS officers. IOFS and IOFHS are the only two civil services under the Department of Defence Production.
Ordnance Factories Board is engaged in research, development, production, testing, marketing and logistics of a comprehensive product range in the areas of air, land and sea systems. It comprises forty-one Ordnance Factories, nine Training Institutes, three Regional Marketing Centres and four Regional Controllerates of Safety, which are spread all across the country.
OFB is the world's largest government operated production organisation, and the oldest organisation run by the Government of India. It has a total workforce of about 164,000. It is often called the "Fourth Arm of Defence", and the "Force Behind the Armed Forces" of India.
It is amongst the top 50 defence equipment manufacturers in the world. Its total sales were at $3 billion (INR19982.71 crores) in 2015-'16. Every year, 18 March is celebrated as the Ordnance Factories' Day in India.
The induction training programme of probationary officers is of 64 weeks, comprising technical, managerial and administrative modules of theoretical, practical and field nature. Classes are held at specialised educational institutions across India. Officer Trainees (OTs) are then sent on Bharat Darshan (Tour of India), which includes visits to the nuclear, defence, space, industrial and other technical installations of India. To understand the nuances of bureaucracy, they are familiarised with the functioning of district, state, national and international bodies, including the Parliament of India. Armed Forces attachment with the Army, Navy, Air Force and with the Police, Paramilitary and Special Forces for better understanding of needs of their customers. To get acquainted with the Indian legal system, they visit the Supreme Court of India. Thus, giving them exposure to all the three arms of the Government of India. Following which, they are sent for on-the-job training to various Ordnance Factories and are expected to apply the knowledge and experience gained. Examinations are held at the end of the training. The training concludes with interactions with the Members of Parliament, Ministers in-charge of the Home, Foreign and Defence ministries, Prime Minister, Vice-President and the President of India.
The main functions performed by IOFS officers while at the Indian Ordnance Factories include product research & development, project management, materials management, production planning and control, quality control, supplies management, industrial safety, labour welfare, personnel management, industrial relations, management and maintenance of residential estates etc.
In discharging these functions, the IOFS officers interact extensively with:
Quality controlling agencies such as Bureau of Indian Standards, Directorate of Standardisation, Directorate General of Quality Assurance (Army), Directorate General of Naval Armament Inspection (Navy), Directorate General of Aeronautical Quality Assurance (Air Force).
Inter-Services Organisations such as Military Engineer Services, Defence Exhibition Organisation.
IOFS is a participating civil service under the Central Staffing Scheme (CSS), which allows bureaucrats to move to any organisation, commission, institution, agency, department, ministry of the Government of India on deputation basis (excluding posts which are specifically encadred within the organised Group A services), depending on their interests, educational qualifications, seniority, age and other eligibility criteria.
IOFS officers also serve at key managerial posts of PSUs and SEZs; as advisors and secretaries to the Union Cabinet Ministers, Prime Minister and the President of India; as diplomats at various consulates, missions and embassies of India, located abroad; as Commissioned Officers in the Indian Armed Forces; and as Scientists in DRDO.
Designation in the field
Designation in Headquarters
Junior Time Scale
Assistant Works Manager
Senior Time Scale
Senior Time Scale (Non Functional)
Deputy General Manager
Junior Administrative Grade (Functional)
Joint General Manager
Senior Administrative Grade
Addl. GM / General Manager / Principal Director / Regional Director / Regional Controller of Safety
Deputy Director General
Higher Administrative Grade
Senior General Manager / Senior Principal Director
Senior Deputy Director General
Higher Administrative Grade (+)
Addl. Director General & Member of the Board
Director General Ordnance Factories (DGOF) & Chairman of the Ordnance Factories Board