Indian Musical Instruments
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Indian Musical Instruments
Lady playing pulluvan veena

Indian musical instruments can be broadly classified according to the Hornbostel-Sachs system into four categories: chordophones (string instruments), aerophones (wind instruments), membranophones (drums) and idiophones (non-drum percussion instruments).


Plucked strings

Painting of a woman with a sitar

Bowed strings

Tribal fiddle instruments called "Dhodro Banam" used by Santhal people in Eastern India.

Other string instruments


Single reed

Snake charmer playing pungi
Bansuri player at Mehrangarh Fort at Jodhpur.
Indian Harmonium

Double reed



Free reed

Free reed and bellows



Hand drums

Learning to play tabla
Tumbaknaer, drum from Jammu and Kashmir for accompanying devotionals
Chenda (top) and Chande (below) are different drums
Chande of Yakshagana

Hand frame drums

  • Daff, duff, daf or duf - medium or large frame drum without jingles, of Persian origin
  • Dimdi or dimri - small frame drum without jingles
  • Kanjira - small frame drum with one jingle
  • Kansi - small drum without jingles
  • Patayani thappu - medium frame drum played with hands

Stick and hand drums

Stick drums




Sound samples

See also


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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