Inspectorates-General or General Inspectorates (Turkish: Umumi Müfetti?likler) was a regional governorship whose authorities prevailed over civilian, military and judicial institutions under their domain of the direct command of Mustafa Kemal in order to establishing authoritarian rule and to consolidate the authority in the process of Turkification of religious and ethnic minorities.
The Turkish Grand National Assembly got the law numbered 1164 and dated June 25, 1927, passed. On January 1, 1928, the First Inspectorate-General (Birinci Umumi Müfetti?lik) including the provinces of Diyarbak?r, Elaz, Urfa, Bitlis, Van, Hakkâri, Siirt and Mardin was established with the center in Diyarbak?r.
Before Thrace pogroms, on February 19, 1934, the Second Inspectorate-General (?kinci Umumi Müfetti?lik) including K?rklareli, Edirne, Tekirda? and Çanakkale provinces, was established with the center in Edirne
On August 25, 1935, the Third Inspectorate-General (Üçüncü Umumi Müfetti?lik) including A?r?, Kars, Artvin, Rize, Trabzon, Gümü?hane, Erzincan and Erzurum provinces, was established with the center in Erzurum.
Before Dersim Rebellion, on June 6, 1936, the Fourth Inspectorate-General (Dördüncü Umumi Müffeti?lik) was established in historical Dersim region that includes Tunceli, Elaz and Bingöl provinces, with the center in Elaz.
In December 1936 a conference of the Inspector-Generals of all the four Inspectorates-Generals together with the Minister of the Interior ?ükrü Kaya was held and an evaluation of the Turkification program was prepared. The Inspector-Generals compared their results for three days. The First Inspectorate-General Abidin Özmen demanded a closure of the border with Syria as he complained that from Syria the Kurds, Yazidis and Armenians received support.