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Iron(II) fluoride or ferrous fluoride is an inorganic compound with the molecular formula FeF2. It forms a tetrahydrate FeF2·4H2O that is often referred to by the same names. The anhydrous and hydrated forms are white crystalline solids.
Structure and bonding
Anhydrous FeF2 adopts the TiO2rutile structure. As such, the iron cations are octahedral and fluoride anions are trigonal planar.
The tetrahydrate can exist in two structures, or polymorphs. One form is rhombohedral and the other is hexagonal, the former having a disorder.
Like most fluoride compounds, the anhydrous and hydrated forms of iron(II) fluoride feature high spin metal center. Low temperature neutron diffraction studies show that the FeF2 is antiferromagnetic.Heat capacity measurements reveal an event at 78.3 K corresponding to ordering of antiferromagnetic state.
Selected physical properties
FeF2 sublimes between 958 and 1178 K. Using Torsion and Knudsen methods, the heat of sublimation was experimentally determined and averaged to be 271 ± 2 kJ mole-1.
The following reaction is proposed in order to calculate the atomization energy for Fe+:
FeF2 + e -> Fe+ + F2 (or 2F) + 2e
Synthesis and reactions
The anhydrous salt can be prepared by reaction of ferrous chloride with anhydrous hydrogen fluoride. It is slightly soluble in water (with solubility product Ksp = 2.36×10-6 at 25 °C) as well as dilute hydrofluoric acid, giving a pale green solution. It is insoluble in organic solvents.
^Erickson, R. (June 1953). "Neutron Diffraction Studies of Antiferromagnetism in Manganous Fluoride and Some Isomorphous Compounds". Physical Review. 90 (5): 779-785. doi:10.1103/PhysRev.90.779.
^Stout, J.; Edward Catalano (December 1953). "Thermal Anomalies Associated with the Antiferromagnetic Ordering of FeF2, CoF3, and NiF2". Physical Review. 92 (6): 1575. doi:10.1103/PhysRev.92.1575.
^Bardi, Gianpiero; Brunetti, Bruno; Piacente, Vincenzo (1996-01-01). "Vapor Pressure and Standard Enthalpies of Sublimation of Iron Difluoride, Iron Dichloride, and Iron Dibromide". Journal of Chemical & Engineering Data. 41 (1): 14-20. doi:10.1021/je950115w. ISSN0021-9568.
^Kent, Richard; John L. Margrave (November 1965). "Mass Spectrometric Studies at High Temperatures. VIII. The Sublimation Pressure of Iron(II) Fluoride". Journal of the American Chemical Society. 87 (21): 4754-4756. doi:10.1021/ja00949a016.
^W. Kwasnik "Iron(II) Fluoride" in Handbook of Preparative Inorganic Chemistry, 2nd Ed. Edited by G. Brauer, Academic Press, 1963, NY. Vol. 1. p. 266.