There are two official holidays in Islam, Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha. Both holidays occur on dates in the lunar Islamic calendar, which is different from the solar based Gregorian calendar, so they are observed on different Gregorian dates every year. There are a number of other days of note and festivals, some common to all Muslims, other specific to Shia Islam as a whole or branches thereof.
Eid al-Fitr is celebrated at the end of Ramadan (a month of fasting during daylight hours), and Muslims may perform acts of zakat (charity) on the occasion, which begins after the new moon is sighted for the beginning of the month of Shawal. Celebration begins with prayers on the morning of 1 Shawal, followed by breakfast, and often celebratory meals throughout the day.
Eid al-Adha is celebrated on the tenth day of Dhu al-Hijjah, when the Hajj pilgrimage takes place, and lasts for four days. Muslims may perform an act of zakat and friendship by slaughtering a sheep and distributing the meat to family, to friends, and to the poor. Muslims are also encouraged to be especially friendly and reach out to one another during this period.
Muslims celebrate when the Quran was revealed to Muhammad by fasting from dawn to sunset during Ramadan, the ninth month of the Islamic calendar. Fasting is a purifying experience so that Muslims can gain compassion and deepen their faith in Allah.
The act of fasting represents the condition experienced by the needy, who although already hungry must also fast for Ramadan. Muslims fast by denying themselves food, water and all related sexual activity with their spouses, but people with chronic diseases or unhealthy conditions such as diabetes, and children are exempt from fasting. Travelers, and women who are menstruating or nursing a baby, are exempt from fasting but are required to fast later. A person's observance of fasting can be for naught if religiously forbidden acts are made, such as Ghibah (backbiting others) and deceiving others.
The Islamic calendar is based on the synodic period of the Moon's revolution around the Earth, approximately 29 days. The Islamic calendar alternates months of 29 and 30 days (which begin with the new moon). Twelve of these months make up an Islamic year, which is 11 days shorter than the Gregorian year.
|Hijri date||1441 AH||1442 AH||1443 AH||1444 AH||1445 AH|
|Islamic New Year||1 Mu?arram||31 Aug. 2019||20 Aug. 2020||9 Aug. 2021||30 July 2022||19 July 2023|
|Ashura||10 Mu?arram||9 Sep. 2019||29 Aug. 2020||18 Aug. 2021||8 Aug. 2022||28 July 2023|
|Arba?een[a]||20 or 21 ?afar[b]||19 Oct. 2019||8 Oct. 2020||27 Sep. 2021||17 Sep. 2022||6 Sep. 2023|
|Eid-e-Shuja' (Eid-e-Zahra)[c]||9 Rab?' al-Awwal||6 Nov. 2019||26 Oct. 2020||15 Oct. 2021||5 Oct. 2022||24 Sep. 2023|
('Birthday of the Prophet' [Muhammad])[d]
|12 Rab?' al-Awwal (Sunni)||9 Nov. 2019||29 Oct. 2020||18 Oct. 2021||8 Oct. 2022||27 Sep. 2023|
|17 Rab?' al-Awwal (Shia)||14 Nov. 2019||3 Nov. 2020||23 Oct. 2021||13 Oct. 2022||2 Oct. 2023|
|Birthday of 'Al? ibn Ab? lib[a]||13 Rajab||8 Mar. 2020||25 Feb. 2021||14 Feb. 2022||4 Feb. 2023||25 Jan. 2024|
|Laylat al-Mi'raj||27 Rajab[e]||22 Mar. 2020||11 Mar. 2021||28 Feb. 2022||18 Feb. 2023||8 Feb. 2024|
|Laylat al-Bara'at||15 Sha'b?n||8 Apr. 2020||28 Mar. 2021||18 Mar. 2022||7 Mar. 2023||25 Feb. 2024|
|Birthday of Hujjat-Allah al-Mahd?[c]||15 Sha'b?n||8 Apr. 2020||28 Mar. 2021||18 Mar. 2022||7 Mar. 2023||25 Feb. 2024|
|First day of Raman||1 Raman||24 Apr. 2020||13 Apr. 2021||2 Apr. 2022||23 Mar. 2023||11 Mar. 2024|
|Laylat al-Qadr||19, 21, 23, 25, 27, or 29 Raman[f]||between
12 & 22 May 2020
1 & 11 May 2021
20 & 30 Apr. 2022
10 & 20 Apr. 2023
29 Mar. & 8 Apr. 2024
|Chaand Raat[g]||29 or 30 Raman[h]||23 May 2020||12 May 2021||1 May 2022||20 Apr. 2023||9 Apr. 2024|
|Eid al-Fitr||1 Shaww?l||24 May 2020||13 May 2021||2 May 2022||21 Apr. 2023||10 Apr. 2024|
|Hajj||8-13 Dh? al-?ijja||29 July - 3 Aug. 2020||18-23 July 2021||7-12 July 2022||26 June - 1 July 2023||14-19 June 2024|
|Day of Arafah||9 Dh? al-?ijja||30 July 2020||19 July 2021||8 July 2022||27 June 2023||15 June 2024|
|Eid al-Adha||10 Dh? al-?ijja||31 July 2020||20 July 2021||9 July 2022||28 June 2023||16 June 2024|
|Eid al-Ghadeer[a]||18 Dh? al-?ijja||8 Aug. 2020||28 July 2021||17 July 2022||6 July 2023||24 June 2024|
|Eid al-Mubahalah[a]||24 Dh? al-?ijja||14 Aug. 2020||3 Aug. 2021||23 July 2022||12 July 2023||30 June 2024|
Some Gregorian dates may vary slightly from those given, and may also vary by country. See Islamic calendar.