Ivan %C5%A0uba%C5%A1i%C4%87
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Ivan %C5%A0uba%C5%A1i%C4%87
Ivan ?uba?i?
Ivan Subasic.jpg
13th Foreign Minister of Yugoslavia

1 June 1944 - 17 October 1945
MonarchPeter II
PresidentJosip Broz Tito
Josip Broz Tito
Bo?idar Puri?
Josip Broz Tito
18th Prime Minister of Yugoslavia

1 June 1944 - 7 March 1945
MonarchPeter II
Bo?idar Puri?
Josip Broz Tito
Ban of the Croatian Banovina

24 August 1939 - 13 June 1943
DeputyIvo Krbek
Position established
Position abolished
Personal details
Born(1892-05-07)7 May 1892
Vukova Gorica, Croatia-Slavonia, Austria-Hungary
(now Croatia)
Died22 March 1955(1955-03-22) (aged 62)
Zagreb, PR Croatia, Yugoslavia
(now Croatia)
NationalityYugoslav
Political partyCroatian Peasant Party (HSS)
AwardsOrder of the White Eagle

Ivan ?uba?i? (Serbo-Croatian Cyrillic: ? ?; 7 May 1892 – 22 March 1955) was a Yugoslav politician, best known as the last Ban of Croatia and prime minister of the royalist Yugoslav Government in exile during the Second World War.[1][2]

Early life

He was born in Vukova Gorica, then he lived in Austria-Hungary. He finished grammar and high school in Zagreb, and enrolled onto the Faculty of Theology at the University of Zagreb. During the First World War, he was drafted into Austro-Hungarian Army where he took part in the fighting against Serbian forces on the Drina River. Later he was sent to the Eastern Front where he used the opportunity to defect to the Russians. From there he joined the Yugoslav volunteers fighting within the Serbian army on the Salonica Front.

After the war, ?uba?i? gained his law degree at University of Zagreb, Faculty of Law, and after that, he opened a law office in Vrbovsko. There he met Vladko Ma?ek and joined the Croatian Peasant Party. In 1938, he was elected to the Yugoslav National Assembly.

Political career

With King Peter II in Italy after meeting Tito.

Ban of Croatia

In August 1939, Ma?ek and Yugoslav Prime Minister Dragi?a Cvetkovi? reached the deal about the constitutional reconstruction of Yugoslavia and restoration of Croatian statehood in the form of Banovina of Croatia--an autonomous entity which, together with Croatia proper, included large sections of today's Bosnia-Herzegovina and some sections of today's Vojvodina, which contained an ethnic Croat majority. ?uba?i? was appointed as the first ban, or titular head of this entity, in charge of its government.

The Banovina came to an end together with Kingdom of Yugoslavia, following the invasion by Axis powers in April 1941. ?uba?i? joined Du?an Simovi? and his Yugoslav government-in-exile.

Government-in-exile

In emigration, ?uba?i? first represented the Yugoslav royal government in the United States. Gradually, the widening gap between the royalist government and Yugoslav major resistance movement embodied in Tito and his Communist-dominated Partisans forced Winston Churchill to mediate. ?uba?i?, a non-Communist Croat, was appointed as the new prime minister[3] in order to reach a compromise between Tito--whose forces represented the de facto government on liberated territories--and the monarchy, which preferred Dra?a Mihailovi? and his Serb-dominated Chetniks.

After publicly rejecting Mihailovi?, ?uba?i? met with Tito on the island of Vis and signed the Tito-?uba?i? agreement, which recognised the Partisans as the legitimate armed forces of Yugoslavia in exchange for Partisans formally recognising and taking part in the new government. ?uba?i? kept his post until 7 March 1945, when Tito formally became the prime minister of Yugoslavia. ?uba?i? was foreign minister in his cabinet until October, when he resigned, disagreeing with Communist policies of new government.

Later life and death

?uba?i? spent the remainder of his life away from the spotlight, dying 1955 in Zagreb. About 10,000 people attended his funeral.[4] He is buried in Mirogoj Cemetery.[5]

References

Notes

  1. ^ Journal of Croatian Studies, XXVIII-XXIX, 1987-88 - Annual Review of the Croatian Academy of America, Inc. New York, N.Y., Electronic edition by Studia Croatica. Retrieved 2010-02-02.
  2. ^ Short biography on the website of the Serbian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 2010-02-02.
  3. ^ Journal of Croatian Studies, XXIV, 1983 - Annual Review of the Croatian Academy of America, Inc. New York, N.Y., Electronic edition by Studia Croatica. Retrieved 2010-02-02.
  4. ^ Radeli?, Zdenko, Ivan ?uba?i? i Juraj ?utej pod paskom Ozne.
  5. ^ Ivan ?uba?i? at Gradska groblja Archived 2010-03-08 at the Wayback Machine
Political offices
New title Ban of Croatia
1939-1943
Succeeded by
Vladimir Nazor
as Chairman of the ZAVNOH
Preceded by
Bo?idar Puri?
Prime Minister of Yugoslavia
Minister of Foreign Affairs

1944-1945
Succeeded by
Josip Broz Tito

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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