Ivan Stamboli%C4%87
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Ivan Stamboli%C4%87
Ivan Stamboli?
Stevan Kragujevic, Ivan Stambolic, maj 1986.JPG
Stamboli? in May 1986
12th President of Serbia
As President of the Presidency of SR Serbia

5 May 1986 - 14 December 1987
Du?an ?krebi?
Petar Gra?anin
56th Prime Minister of Serbia
As President of the Executive Council of Serbia

6 May 1978 - 5 May 1982
Du?an ?krebi?
Branislav Ikoni?
10th President of the League of Communists of Serbia

1985 - May 1986
Radi?a Ga?i?
Slobodan Milo?evi?
Personal details
Born(1936-11-05)5 November 1936
Brezova, Ivanjica, Drina Banovina, Yugoslavia
Died25 August 2000(2000-08-25) (aged 63)
Fru?ka Gora, Serbia, Yugoslavia
Cause of deathAssassination
Resting placeTop?ider Cemetery, Top?ider
NationalitySerbian
Political partyLeague of Communists of Yugoslavia
Spouse(s)
Katarina "Ka?a" Stamboli?; née ?ivojinovi?
(m. 1962; his death 2000)
Children3
RelativesPetar Stamboli? (uncle)
Alma materUniversity of Belgrade

Ivan Stamboli? (Serbian: ? ; 5 November 1936 – 25 August 2000) was a Serbian politician. He was a prominent official of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia and the President of the Presidency of Serbia in the 1980s.

In August 2000, he was assassinated. His uncle was politician Petar Stamboli?.[1]

Career

Stamboli? graduated from the University of Belgrade's Law School. In spring 1986, he became the President of the Presidency of Serbia. He was a mentor and a close personal friend to Slobodan Milo?evi?, and supported him in the elections for the new leader of the League of Communists of Serbia, to the dismay of the other leaders in the party. Stamboli? spent three days advocating Milo?evi?'s election and finally managed to secure him a tight victory, the tightest ever in the history of Serbian Communist Party internal elections.

Stamboli? and Milo?evi? held similar views on the autonomous provinces of Serbia, Kosovo and Vojvodina, both feeling that constitutional changes were necessary to sort out their relationship with the centre. Stamboli? managed to win over the League of Communists of Yugoslavia to his position on this matter at the Thirteenth Congress of the LCY, held in 1986, and then set up a commission to work out the details of the constitutional reforms that were eventually passed in 1989. He also wanted to protect the rights of Serbs and Montenegrins in Kosovo, insisting as early as 1982 that he would speak up for those rights even if his opponents labelled him a Greater Serbian nationalist. Where Milo?evi? and he differed on these matters was Milo?evi?'s demand for greater rapidity and his stronger sympathy for Serb demonstrators. It was the issue of speed that was to bring the two into conflict.

Stamboli? and the Serbian government joined the federal Yugoslav government in harshly condemning the controversial Memorandum of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts of 1986 for inciting nationalism.[2] Stamboli? said:

"we [communist party leaders] do not accept the Memorandum's call for Serbia to turn its back on its own future and the future of Yugoslavia, for it to arbitrarily accuse the proven leaders of the revolution and of socialist development, for Serbian Communists to be seen as the illegitimate leaders of the working class and people of Serbia."[3]

Dragi?a Pavlovi?, Milo?evi?'s fairly liberal successor at the head of the Belgrade Committee of the party, opposed his policy towards the solving of the issues of the Kosovo Serbs, calling it "hastily promised speed". Milo?evi? denounced Pavlovi? as being soft on Albanian radicals, contrary to advice from Stamboli?. On 23/24 September 1987, at the subsequent eighth session of the Central Committee, one that lasted around 30 hours, and was broadcast live on the state television, Milo?evi? had Pavlovi? deposed, to the utter embarrassment of Ivan Stamboli?, who resigned under pressure from Milo?evi?'s supporters a few days later.

In December 1987, Stamboli? was officially voted off the position and replaced by Petar Gra?anin, who was in turn succeeded the following year by Milo?evi? himself.

Stamboli? mysteriously disappeared on 25 August 2000, still during the rule of Slobodan Milo?evi?. On 28 March 2003, the police revealed that he was murdered on Fru?ka Gora by eight Special Operations Unit officers. On 18 July 2005, these men and their co-conspirators were found guilty of the murder of Stamboli? and were sentenced to between 15 and 40 years in prison. The court found that the order for Stamboli?'s murder came from Slobodan Milo?evi?.[4][5]

References

  1. ^ Ian Traynor (1 April 2003). "Obituary Ivan Stambolic". The Guardian.
  2. ^ Ramet, Sabrina P. The three Yugoslavias: state-building and legitimation, 1918-2005. Bloomington, Indiana, US: Indiana University Press, 2006. Pp. 321.
  3. ^ Melissa Katherine Bokovoy, Jill A. Irvine, Carol S. Lilly. State-society relations in Yugoslavia, 1945-1992. Scranton, Pennsylvania, US: Palgrave Macmillan, 1997. Pp. 307.
  4. ^ "Ulemeku 40 godina, Markovi?u 15" (in Serbian). B92. 18 July 2005.
  5. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20190408152224/https://moderna.org.rs/2019/03/23/inicijativa-stranke-moderne-srbije-sms-za-preimenovanje-i-prenamenu-spomenika-vecna-vatra-na-uscu-novi-beograd-u-spomenik-zrtava-rezima-1987-2000/?script=lat


External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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