Ivica Da%C4%8Di%C4%87
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Ivica Da%C4%8Di%C4%87

Ivica Da?i?
Ivica Dacic 2013.jpg
15th President of the National Assembly of Serbia

22 October 2020
PresidentAleksandar Vu?i?
Smilja Ti?ma (acting)
Maja Gojkovi?
First Deputy Prime Minister of Serbia

27 April 2014 - 22 October 2020
Aleksandar Vu?i?
Himself (Acting)
Ana Brnabi?
Aleksandar Vu?i?
Branko Ru?i?

7 July 2008 - 27 July 2012
Mirko Cvetkovi?
Bo?idar ?eli?
Aleksandar Vu?i?
Minister of Foreign Affairs

27 April 2014 - 22 October 2020
Aleksandar Vu?i?
Himself (Acting)
Ana Brnabi?
Ivan Mrki?
Ana Brnabi? (acting)
Nikola Selakovi?
Prime Minister of Serbia

31 May 2017 - 29 June 2017
Acting
PresidentAleksandar Vu?i?
Aleksandar Vu?i?
Ana Brnabi?

27 July 2012 - 27 April 2014
PresidentTomislav Nikoli?
DeputyAleksandar Vu?i? (First)
Jovan Krkobabi?
Rasim Ljaji?
Suzana Grubje?i?
Mirko Cvetkovi?
Aleksandar Vu?i?
Minister of Internal Affairs

7 July 2008 - 27 April 2014
Mirko Cvetkovi?
Himself
Mirjana Ora?anin (Acting)
Neboj?a Stefanovi?
Minister of Information of Serbia

24 October 2000 - 25 January 2001
Served with Bogoljub Pej?i? and Biserka Mati?-Spasojevi?
Milomir Mini?
Aleksandar Vu?i?
Position abolished
Personal details
Born (1966-01-01) 1 January 1966 (age 54)
Prizren, SFR Yugoslavia
Political partySPS
Spouse(s)Sanja Saki? Da?i?
Children2
Alma materUniversity of Belgrade
Signature

Ivica Da?i? (Serbian Cyrillic: , pronounced [î?it?sa dâtit]; born 1 January 1966) is a Serbian politician who is currently the President of the National Assembly of Serbia.[1] He is the leader of the Socialist Party of Serbia.

From 2008 to April 2014, he served as Minister of Internal Affairs, while concurrently also serving as Prime Minister of Serbia for part of that tenure, from July 2012 until 2014 and after that he served as the Minister of Foreign Affairs from April 2014 to October 2020.[2][3] He also served as Acting Prime Minister of Serbia from 31 May 2017 until 29 June 2017, after the incumbent Prime Minister, Aleksandar Vu?i?, was sworn in as President of Serbia. He was succeeded in office by Ana Brnabi? on 29 June 2017.

Da?i? graduated from the University of Belgrade in 1989 and joined the Socialist Party in 1991. He quickly rose up the ranks of the party, becoming its spokesman in 1992, under his mentor, Slobodan Milo?evi?, President of Serbia and FR Yugoslavia.[4]

Following the overthrow of Slobodan Milo?evi?, Da?i? became a member of the main board, and became party leader in 2006. Like his predecessor Slobodan Milo?evi?, he is regarded as a pragmatic leader willing to change views based on circumstance and has worked to reform the party. The Socialist Party of Serbia is currently in a coalition with the conservative populist Serbian Progressive Party (SNS). Commentators describe his political positions as nationalist.[5][6][7]

The DS-led coalition that included Da?i?'s party reached an EU candidate status. The SNS-led coalition that also included his party pursued the European Union to start formal negotiations for the accession of Serbia and he signed the Brussels Agreement on the normalization of relations of governments of Serbia and Kosovo.

Early life

Da?i? was born on 1 January 1966 in Prizren, which at the time was part of the Socialist Republic of Serbia within Yugoslavia, and today is part of the unilaterally proclaimed Republic of Kosovo. Da?i? was born to a Serbian family and was brought up in ?itora?a. His father, Desimir, was a police officer, and his mother, Jelisaveta ("Jela"), was a housewife.[8][9] His parents were both born in villages under the Jastrebac.[9] When Ivica was six months old, the family moved to ?itora?a.[9] He has a sister, Emica.[9] At the age of 5, he was featured in the newspapers in the article "Enciklopedija u kratkim pantalonama" (Encyclopaedia in shorts) as he had learnt to read and write himself, knew the names of many mountains, rivers and capitals, nearly all notable football players and results of matches.[9]

His childhood nickname was Bucko and his classmates at secondary school in ?itora?a described him as very intelligent for his age - he reportedly managed to often amaze his teachers with his knowledge and wit. He played handball and football and associated with everyone at his school.[8] In the state-run history-contest named "Tito, revolucija, mir", which was held in all republics, Da?i? won over 600 others.[8] The family was described as humble and not wealthy, and as they lived off one paycheck, the parents picked mushrooms and dog rose in order to send Ivica and his sister to school.[8] The parents sold the house in ?itora?a in 2010 and moved to Prokuplje, Desimir had until some years ago driven a 1977 Fiat 500.[8]

He went to high school in Ni?, where he excelled with the highest grades (5), and graduated from the University of Belgrade's Faculty of Political Sciences, with a degree in journalism in 1989, with a highest medium grade of 10, and also won the award for the best student of scientific achievements.[8][10] His sister Emica has degrees in pedagogy and drama.[8] He was in the faculty organization Association of Communists, and in 1990 he was elected the first president of the Young Socialists of Belgrade.[9][10]

Political career

Early years

At the beginning of the 1990s, he was an editor for the short-lived newspapers of the Socialist Party of Serbia (SPS), "Epoha".[10] He became a member of SPS in the middle of 1991.[10] He was the head of the Information and Propaganda staff of the SPS during the elections in 1992 and 1993, and then a minister of the Citizens' council in the first assembly of Yugoslavia, and member of the Executive Committee of the Main Board (IO GO) and Vice President of the Council for Information and Propaganda of the SPS.[10] He was appointed member of IO GO on the second congress of SPS on 26 October 1992, with the most won votes.[10]

In the mid-1990s, Milo?evi?'s wife Mirjana Markovi? moved Da?i? to a small office in a Belgrade suburb in order to curb his growing ambitions.[11] Da?i? was appointed member of IO GO again in the next congress in 1996, when there were major personnel changes in the party leadership, and of 27 members of IO GO, voted in 1992, only 5 remained, including Da?i?.[10] He was the spokesman of SPS for 8 years, between 1992 and 2000.[10][12] In 1996, Da?i? was a minister in the Citizens' council of the assembly of Yugoslavia and President of the Committee on Public Information, and in 1997 he was member of the Committee on Foreign Relations.[10] In April 1999, the federal government appointed him a member of the Board of Tanjug, and in early May, as President of the Federal Council of the public institution RTV Yugoslavia.[10]

President of the SPS Main Board and 2004 elections

He was elected President of the Belgrade Socialists on 10 February 2000, and again on 5 December 2000 in the election conference of the City Board of SPS.[10] Following the Bulldozer Revolution on 5 October 2000, Milo?evi? was arrested by Serbian police on 31 March 2001, and was eventually transferred to The Hague to be prosecuted by the ICTY.

In the transitional government, from October 2000 to January 2001, Da?i? was the co-minister of Information alongside Biserka Mati? (DOS) and Bogoljub Pej?i? (SPO).[10] On 24 September 2000 he was elected the minister of the Citizens' council of the assembly of Yugoslavia, and then member of the Committee on Security and Foreign Policy in both federal assemblies.[10] Da?i? reformed the party with his assembling of a team of young moderates, while retaining some of the former figures to satisfy the elderly ex-communists.[11]

Da?i? was the President of the Main Board of the SPS and was the Vice President of the SPS from 2000-03, and federal deputy in the Chamber of Citizens of the Federal Assembly of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and Assembly of the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro from 1992 to 2004.[9] In the sixth congress of SPS, on 18 January 2003, Da?i? was elected the President of the Main Board of SPS.[10] Since 2003, he was deputy in the parliament, and head of the parliamentary group of SPS.[10]

He was the party's presidential candidate in the 2004 election and placed fifth with 125,952 votes (4,04%).[10][13]

Party leadership

He was elected President of the Socialist Party on the seventh congress on 4 December 2006, winning over candidate Milorad Vu?eli? in the second round with 1287 points, versus 792 points, of the delegates votes.[10] In 2007, he was the President of the Committee on Security of the Parliament.[10] On 7 July 2008, the government appointed Da?i? the first Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of the Police.[10] He became a member of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE).[10]

In 2008, the Socialists were back in power as partners of the Democrats in the For a European Serbia-electoral alliance, led by Boris Tadi?, after the 2008 Serbian parliamentary election; the Democrats were the main party that had helped oust Milo?evi?.[11] Da?i? supported Serbia's EU ambitions.[11]

In August 2010, Da?i? and his family were under police protection after threats by the Serbian mafia.[14] In 2012, the Security Intelligence Agency (Serbia's intelligence agency) received information that drug boss Darko ?ari? had offered 10 million EUR to assassinate Tadi? and Da?i?.[15]

2012 elections, Prime Minister

The Socialist Party entered a coalition with the Party of United Pensioners of Serbia (PUPS), and United Serbia. In the 2012 parliamentary election the Socialist Party's coalition had come third with 556.013 votes, 14.53%, 44 seats;[10] The Serbian Progressive Party (SNS), led by Tomislav Nikoli?, beat the Democratic Party of Tadi? in both the parliamentary and 2012 presidential election.[11] Of the results, Da?i? said "We have risen from the ashes" after the Party had doubled their results from the previous election.[11] After weeks of negotiations, the Socialist Party left the alliance with the Democrats in favour of the Serbian Progressive Party.[11][16] Nikoli? offered the Prime Minister post to Da?i?,[11] and on 28 June 2012, Da?i? received a mandate to form a new Government of Serbia.[17][18] Da?i? assumed office on 27 July.[19] He said at a reception: "In this chamber there are many who toppled us in 2000, and I thank them, for if they hadn't toppled us we wouldn't have changed, realised our mistakes and we wouldn't be standing here today.".[11]

The government included the SPS and SNS, along with several smaller parties, headed by Nikoli?, a former nationalist.[18] The election has triggered some unease, as it marks the return of power of Milo?evi?'s allies.[18] Da?i? has worked on transforming the party since taking over after Milo?evi?, proclaiming a pro-EU path,[20] and abandoning Milo?evi?'s nationalist policies.[18] The stagnant economy[18] has resulted in Da?i? set to forming a "economic recovery council" by the end of August.[21] The Serbian parliament elected Jorgovanka Tabakovi? (SNS) as new central bank governor.[22]

Policies

Upon becoming Prime Minister, he faced the challenges of a declining economy and Serbia's accession to the EU.[11] Speaking to Parliament, he said that unemployment and economic recovery were the state's main priorities.[11]

Foreign relations

Ivica Da?i? and Sebastian Kurz

He has said that Serbia will "co-operate with all the countries of the world, advocate security, stability and good relations in the western Balkans and hold out its hand in reconciliation".[6]

EU membership

Serbia earned EU candidate status under Tadi?'s government, and Da?i? has said that the new government will implement everything the previous government had accepted in the EU talks.[6] Da?i? supporters claim his pro-EU stance is evident in the handover of Radovan Karad?i? and Ratko Mladi? under his tenure as Interior Minister, and his role in the visa-free travel for Serbs in the EU.[11] Following the European Council's confirmation on 28 June 2013 that formal negotiations for the accession of Serbia to the EU could begin, Da?i? announced that the Serbian government would remain continuously in session with the aim of completing the talks as quickly as possible.[23] He emphasized that harmonisation with European laws is an integral part of the government's plan for boosting investment and employment.[24]

Status of Kosovo

On 17 February 2008, the Assembly of Kosovo declared independence.[25] It was the second declaration of independence by Kosovo's Albanian-majority political institutions, the first having been proclaimed on 7 September 1990.[26] The legality of the declaration, and indeed whether it was an act of the Assembly, was disputed by the government of Serbia. Serbia sought international validation and support for its stance, and in October 2008 Serbia requested an advisory opinion on the matter from the International Court of Justice.[27] The Court determined that the declaration of independence was legal.[28]

In 2006, upon being elected party leader, Da?i? said that he had no problem fighting for Kosovo as he had done it before.[6] Although the recognition of Kosovo by Serbia might not be a requirement for Serbia's EU accession,[6] the EU opposes any partition of Kosovo into ethnic entities.[6] In May 2011, he said that partition of Kosovo would be the "only realistic solution".[29]

On 25 July 2011, the North Kosovo crisis began when the Kosovo Police crossed into the Serb-controlled municipalities of North Kosovo, in an attempt to control several border crossings without the consultation of either Serbia or KFOR/EULEX.[30][31] Though tensions between the two sides eased somewhat after the intervention of NATO's KFOR forces, they continued to remain high amid concern from the EU, who also blamed Kosovo for the unilateral provocation.[32]

On 24 November 2011, Da?i? said that he saw the Republic of Kosovo's incident with Serbs in North Kosovo as an attack on Serbia.[33] The BBC claimed the "nationalist" leanings of Kosovo-born Da?i? raise speculation on the policy towards the Kosovo issue, which may implicate on Serbia's EU application.[6]

Da?i?'s stance has since dramatically changed; in February 2013 he met Hashim Thaçi, the Prime Minister of Kosovo, in Brussels for the most important in a series of talks.[34] On 19 April 2013, Da?i? and his government took another step towards normalizing relations between Kosovo and Serbia.[35] In March 2013, Da?i? said that while his government would never recognise Kosovo's independence, "lies were told that Kosovo is ours" and that Serbia needed to define its "real borders".[36]

Economy

The Socialist-controlled gas monopoly Srbijagas which entered into partnership with Russian oil giant Gazprom during the coalition government with the Democratic Party.[11] On 12 July, Da?i? called the Serbian financial sector "the greatest enemy of the people".[6] The stagnant economy[18] has resulted in Da?i? set to forming a "economic recovery council" by the end of August.[21]Dejan ?o?ki? was replaced as Governor of National Bank of Serbia by Jorgovanka Tabakovi? on 6 August 2012.[37]

Protege of Slobodan Milo?evi?

Because he was a high-profile spokesman for Milo?evi?, he received the nickname "Little Sloba" after his mentor.[11][6] Da?i? said that the Socialist Party he inherited from Milo?evi? made mistakes, but he still revered Milo?evi?.[11] He said, regarding his history with Milo?evi?: "The past is of no interest to me because I cannot change it but we can do something to change our country's future."[6]

Nenad Sebek, executive director of the Centre for Reconciliation and Democracy think-tank said "Da?i? is one of the most intelligent and cunning politicians in Serbia [...] Without ever saying sorry for what his party did during the 1990s under Milo?evi?, Da?i? single-handedly returned the Socialists to the political mainstream in Serbia."[11] Sebek continued: "He is extremely smart and likely to be very cooperative when negotiating with the international community, but he's still an eyesore for anyone who doesn't have the memory of a goldfish."[11]

The EU had earlier listed Da?i? among persons in Milo?evi?'s circle prohibited from entering the EU.[10][when?]

Personal life

Da?i?'s wife is named Sanja Saki? Da?i?. He has two children, a son named Luka and a daughter named Andrea.[10] Apart from Serbian, Da?i? does not speak any other language.[10][6] Da?i? was a licensed amateur radio operator. Da?i? has been the President of KK Partizan, Sport Association of Serbia, and Vice President of the Olympic Committee of FR Yugoslavia.[10] He was appointed President of RK Partizan on 23 June 2007.[10] His father, Desimir, died on 30 January 2018.

Awards

See also

Notes

References

  1. ^ "National Assembly of the Republic of Serbia | National Assembly Speaker Biography". www.parlament.rs. Retrieved 2020.
  2. ^ "Potpredsednici i ministri", Government of the Republic of Serbia, 2012
  3. ^ "Assembly session tomorrow". B92.net. Retrieved 2020.
  4. ^ https://www.blic.rs/vesti/politika/ivica-dacic-slobodan-milosevic-nije-razumeo-promene/5wye2vn
  5. ^ "Da?i?: Tadi? i Nikoli? su evrofanatici, ja sam nacionalista". 021.rs. Retrieved 2019.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Profile: Prime Minister Ivica Dacic of Serbia". BBC. 27 July 2012.
  7. ^ "Tensions mount over Kosovo-Serbia deal". EUobserver. Retrieved 2019.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g Miti?, Lj. (28 July 2012). "?kolski drugovi o Ivici Da?i?u: Prasko je bio izuzetno dete". Blic online (in Serbo-Croatian). Archived from the original on 26 October 2014.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g Petkovi?, J. L (22 May 2011). "Ivica Da?i? - Odlika? u politici". Vesti online.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa Beta (28 June 2012). "Karijera i dostignu?a Ivice Da?i?a". 24 sata (in Serbo-Croatian).
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q ""We've changed": New Serb PM is ex-aide to Milosevic", Chicago Tribune, 27 July 2012
  12. ^ Socialist party of Serbia. "President". Archived from the original on 1 September 2012.
  13. ^ "DOCUMENTS OF THE REPUBLIC ELECTORAL COMMISSION - REGULATIONS", Republic of Serbia, archived from the original on 27 October 2011
  14. ^ IM's family under protection from mafia threats, B92, 1 August 2010, 68816, archived from the original on 4 August 2010
  15. ^ "Crime boss offers money reward for murder of officials", B92, 16 July 2012, 81289, archived from the original on 31 December 2014
  16. ^ "New guard, old guard". The Economist. 4 August 2012.
  17. ^ "SPS leader gets mandate to form Government", B92, archived from the original on 28 June 2012
  18. ^ a b c d e f "Ex-Milosevic ally to become Serbia's PM". 26 July 2012.
  19. ^ "Serbia Prime Minister Ivica Dacic elected", The San Francisco Chronicle, 27 July 2012
  20. ^ "Da?i?: EU entry is Serbia's strategic goal", B92, 18 July 2012, 81326, archived from the original on 20 July 2012
  21. ^ a b "PM Da?i? to form "economic recovery council"". 6 August 2012. Archived from the original on 8 August 2012.
  22. ^ "Serbian parliament elects new central bank governor". Archived from the original on 21 February 2013.
  23. ^ "EU Talks Could Be Completed in Four To Five Years - Ivica Da?i?". InSerbia. 28 June 2013. Retrieved 2013.
  24. ^ "Government's Next Goal - Unemployment - PM Da?i?". InSerbia. 9 July 2013. Retrieved 2013.
  25. ^ "Kosovo MPs proclaim independence", BBC News, 17 February 2008
  26. ^ Howard Clark (August 2000). Civil Resistance in Kosovo. Pluto Press. p. 73. ISBN 978-0-7453-1569-0.
  27. ^ "Serbian president visits Kosovo". BBC News. 17 April 2009. Retrieved 2010.
  28. ^ "Press Release: Accordance with international law of the unilateral declaration of independence in respect of Kosovo: Advisory Opinion" (PDF). International Court of Justice. 22 July 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 August 2010. Retrieved 2010.
  29. ^ "Partition of Kosovo only solution, minister says". B92. 15 April 2011. Archived from the original on 16 May 2011.
  30. ^ Mark Lowen (27 July 2011). "Kosovo tense after deadly clash on Serbian border". BBC. Archived from the original on 28 July 2011. Retrieved 2011.
  31. ^ "Nato Steps in Amid Kosovo-Serbia Border Row". Sky News. July 2011.
  32. ^ "EU criticises Kosovo police operation". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 2012.
  33. ^ "Ivica Da?i?: Zbog Kosova ako treba i rat". Press Online. 24 November 2011.
  34. ^ "Kosovo's recent past: The Kosovo memory book". The Economist. 18 February 2013. Retrieved 2013.
  35. ^ "EU brokers historic Kosovo deal, door opens to Serbia accession". Reuters. 19 April 2013.
  36. ^ Serbs lied to that "Kosovo is ours:" Serbian PM, Reuters.com, 7 March 2013.
  37. ^ "Serbia: Jorgovanka Tabakovic new National Bank governor". Ansa. Archived from the original on 9 August 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  38. ^ "RTS :: Da?i?u nagrada "Bambini" (RTS :: Dacic Award "Bambini")". Radio-Televizija Srbije (Radio-Television Serbia) - Rts.rs. 3 March 2011. Retrieved 2015.
  39. ^ "?okovi?u i Da?i?u nagrade za izuzetan doprinos sportu". Blic.rs.
  40. ^ (in Serbian). -? . 28 April 2012. Retrieved 2012.

External links

Party political offices
New office Spokesperson of the Socialist Party
1992-2000
Succeeded by
Branko Ru?i?
Preceded by
Slobodan Milo?evi?
President of the Socialist Party
2006-present
Incumbent
Political offices
Preceded by
Aleksandar Vu?i?
Minister of Information
2000-2001
Served alongside: Biserka Mati? and Bogoljub Pej?i?
Succeeded by
Branislav Le?i?
(Merged into Minister of Culture)
Preceded by
Bo?idar ?eli?
First Deputy Prime Minister of Serbia
2008-2012
Succeeded by
Aleksandar Vu?i?
Preceded by
Mirjana Ora?anin
Acting
Minister of Internal Affairs
2008-2014
Succeeded by
Neboj?a Stefanovi?
Preceded by
Mirko Cvetkovi?
Prime Minister of Serbia
2012-2014
Succeeded by
Aleksandar Vu?i?
Preceded by
Ivan Mrki?
Minister of Foreign Affairs
2014-present
Succeeded by
Nikola Selakovi?
Preceded by
Aleksandar Vu?i?
First Deputy Prime Minister of Serbia
2014-present
Succeeded by
Branko Ru?i?
Prime Minister of Serbia
Acting

2017
Succeeded by
Ana Brnabi?
Preceded by
Maja Gojkovi?
President of the National Assembly
2020-present
Incumbent
Sporting positions
Preceded by
Bori?a Vukovi?
President of the KK Partizan
1999-2000
Succeeded by
Vlade Divac

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