Jacob H. Gallinger
|Chairman of the Senate Republican Conference|
March 4, 1913 - August 17, 1918
|Deputy||James Wolcott Wadsworth Jr. (1915)|
|Shelby Moore Cullom|
|Henry Cabot Lodge|
|President pro tempore of the United States Senate|
February 12, 1912 - March 4, 1913
|Augustus O. Bacon|
|James Paul Clarke|
|United States Senator from|
March 4, 1891 - August 17, 1918
|Henry W. Blair|
|Irving W. Drew|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from New Hampshire's 2nd district
March 4, 1885 - March 3, 1889
|Orren C. Moore|
|Member of the New Hampshire Senate|
|Member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives|
|Born||March 28, 1837|
Cornwall, Ontario, British Canada
|Died||August 17, 1918 (aged 81)|
Franklin, New Hampshire, U.S.
He was home-schooled from an early age.
Gallinger moved to the U.S. at an early age and first worked as a printer.
Gallinger studied medicine at the Cincinnati Eclectic Medical Institute and graduated at the head of his class in May 1858. He studied abroad for three years, writing and working as a printer to cover his expenses. In 1861, he returned to the United States and engaged in the practice of homeopathic medicine and surgery in Keene, New Hampshire before moving to Concord, New Hampshire in April 1862. He practiced medicine actively until 1885.
He was an active member of the American Institute of Homeopathy from 1868-80, and throughout his political career, he was a forthright advocate of the homeopathic school of thought and practice. Besides the AIH, he was a member of many state and national medical societies and a frequent contributor to the journals of his profession. He was on the board of trustees of Columbia Hospital for Women, and a member of the board of visitors to Providence Hospital.
Gallinger was elected to the New Hampshire House of Representatives in 1872 and re-elected in 1873. He served as a member of the state constitutional convention in 1876. He was then elected to the New Hampshire Senate and served from 1878 to 1880. In 1879, he was elected Senate President.
He became surgeon general of New Hampshire under Governor Natt Head, with the rank of brigadier general, from 1879 to 1880. In 1882, he was elected chairman of the New Hampshire Republican Party and remained in that role until his resignation in 1890.
In 1884, Gallinger was elected to the United States House of Representatives, serving from March 4, 1885, to March 3, 1889, but declined to be a candidate for reelection in 1888.
In 1890, Gallinger was elected to the New Hampshire House again, but served only a short time before the legislature elected him to the United States Senate in 1891. He was reelected by the legislature without Republican opposition in 1897, 1903 and 1909, and by popular vote in 1914. He served from March 4, 1891, until his death in Franklin, New Hampshire in 1918.
In 1898, Gallinger returned to the role of chairman of the New Hampshire Republican Party and was re-elected in 1900 and 1902. In 1901, he was also elected to represent New Hampshire on the Republican National Committee.
As Senator he was considered a master of parliamentary law and was frequently called upon to preside over the Senate. He was also an active public speaker in and out of the Senate.
He was President pro tempore during the Sixty-second Congress and was also Republican Conference chairman. He also chaired the Committee on Transportation Routes to the Seaboard, Committee on Pensions, Committee on the District of Columbia, and the Merchant Marine Commission. He was named a member of the National Forest Reservation Commission, established by the Weeks Act, which Gallinger sponsored in the Senate.
Gallinger received the honorary degree of A.M. from Dartmouth College in 1885 and served as trustee of George Washington University for several years. He was interred at Blossom Hill Cemetery, Concord.