James A. Bland
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James A. Bland

Sheet music cover for "James Bland's 3 Great Songs", 1879.

James Alan Bland (October 22, 1854 - May 5, 1911), also known as Jimmy Bland, was an American musician, song writer, and minstrel performer.[1] He is best known for the song "Carry Me Back to Old Virginny" which was the official State Song of Virginia from 1940 to 1997.


CriteriaAfrican American, Music & Theater, Performers
DesignatedSeptember 26, 1961
LocationBryn Mawr Ave. & W Rock Hill Rd., at Merion Meml. Park entrance, Bala Cynwyd
Marker TextBuried in this cemetery is the famous minstrel, composer of "Carry Me Back to Old Virginny" and many other songs. Born on Long Island in 1854, he traveled widely but died in obscurity at Philadelphia in 1911.

Bland was one of eight children born in Flushing, New York, to a free family. His father was one of the first African Americans to graduate college (Oberlin College, 1845).[2] Beginning with an $8 banjo purchased by his father, he began performing professionally by age 14.

Bland was educated in Washington, DC and graduated from Howard University in 1873.[3] He wrote over 700 songs, including "In the Morning in the Bright Light" (1879), "In the Evening by the Moonlight" (1879), "Oh! Dem Golden Slippers" (1879) (the theme song for the long-running Philadelphia Mummers Parade), "Hand Me Down My Walking Cane" (1880) and "De Golden Wedding" (1880). His best-known song is "Carry Me Back to Old Virginny" (1878),[3] which, in a slightly modified form, was the official State Song of Virginia from 1940 to 1997. It was retired and designated "state song emeritus" in the latter year because of controversy over its lyrics.

Often called "The World's Greatest Minstrel Man", Bland toured the United States, as well as Europe. Bland's earliest recorded minstrel performance was with the Original Black Diamonds of Boston in 1875.[4] Beginning in 1881, he spent 20 years in London before returning to the United States. Bland toured Europe in the early 1880s with Haverly's Genuine Colored Minstrels and remained in England to perform as a singer/banjo player without blackface. Appearing as "The Prince of Negro Songwriters," he was invited to give command performances for Queen Victoria and the Prince of Wales. Music historian Alec Wilder calls Bland the black writer who "broke down the barriers to white music publishers' offices." Bland was one of the most prolific minstrel composers of all time; he is reputed to have written over six hundred songs, though only about fifty were published under his name.[5]

James A. Bland spent his later years in obscurity. He died from tuberculosis May 5, 1911, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.[6] Bland was buried in an unmarked grave without a funeral at Merion Memorial Park, Bala Cynwyd, Pennsylvania.

In 1939, his grave was found by American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers (ASCAP) with the assistance of the editor of The Etude magazine, James Francis Cooke. His grave was landscaped and a monument was erected.[7][8] The Lions Club of Virginia also assisted in this effort.[9]

The Lions Clubs of Virginia sponsor a music contest for school students called the "Bland Contest" in honor of James A. Bland. The Annual Bland Music Scholarships Program was established in 1948 to assist and promote cultural and educational opportunities for the musically talented youth of Virginia.

James Bland was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1970. A housing project in Flushing, Queens, is named after him. A separate housing project in Alexandria, Virginia, is also named for Bland.


  1. ^ Don Tyler (March 21, 2016). Music of the First World War. ABC-CLIO. p. 96. ISBN 978-1-4408-3997-9.
  2. ^ Jasen, David A.; Jones, Gene (1998). Spreadin' Rhythm Around: Black Popular Songwriters 1880-1930. New York: Schimer Books. p. 8. ISBN 0028647424.
  3. ^ a b Jasen, David A.; Jones, Gene (1998). Spreadin' Rhythm Around: Black Popular Songwriters 1880-1930. New York: Schimer Books. p. 9. ISBN 0028647424.
  4. ^ Black Diamonds Playbill, 1875. American minstrel show collection, 1823-1947: MS Thr 556.251. Harvard Theatre Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University.
  5. ^ Haywood, Charles. "Bland, James A.." Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online. Oxford University Press, accessed December 10, 2014.
  6. ^ Jasen, David A.; Jones, Gene (1998). Spreadin' Rhythm Around: Black Popular Songwriters 1880-1930. New York: Schimer Books. p. 13. ISBN 0028647424.
  7. ^ James Bland Biography
  8. ^ "Bland, James A. (1854-1911)". blackpast.org. Retrieved 2014.
  9. ^ Lex, Joe. A Short History of James A. Bland

External links


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