James Drummond, 2nd Duke of Perth, etc., (c. 1674 – 17 April 1720) was a Scottish nobleman. He held the Peerage created for his father, James Drummond, 4th Earl of Perth, by the exiled Stuart monarchs at St Germain.
In 1689 he accompanied King James II of England, and VII of Scotland, to Ireland, and led the cavalry at the Battle of Sheriffmuir. Afterwards he joined Lord Mar during the 1715 Uprising in Scotland. He escaped to France with the King on 6 February and was attainted on 17 February 1716. As the Marquess of Drummond he was created a Knight of the Thistle in March 1705, when he became Master of the Horse. He succeeded his father on 11 May 1716, but as a consequence of his attainder he was not recognised by the British government. He died at Paris aged 46 years, and was buried in the Scots' College.
Drummond married (contract dated 5 August 1706) Lady Jean, daughter of George Gordon, 1st Duke of Gordon by Lady Elizabeth, daughter of Henry Howard, 6th Duke of Norfolk. Lady Jean was imprisoned in Edinburgh Castle from February to November 1746 for her part in the 1745 Uprising, and died at Stobhall, Perthshire, on 30 January 1773, aged about 90.
The 2nd Duke was succeeded by his sons and heirs:
The title thence passed (notwithstanding the attainders) to sons of the 1st Duke by his second and third wives.
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