James Galway
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James Galway

James Galway
OBE
Jeanne and James Galway.jpg
James Galway and his wife, Jeanne Galway, performing in the 2007 New Year's Eve concert at the Culture and Convention Centre, Lucerne.
Background information
James Galway
Born (1939-12-08) 8 December 1939 (age 78)
Belfast, Northern Ireland
Genres Classical, Pop
Flute player
Instruments Flute, Tin whistle
1950s-present
Sadler's Wells Opera
Covent Garden Opera
London Symphony Orchestra
Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
London Mozart Players
The Chieftains

James Galway, OBE (born 8 December 1939) is an Irish[1][2]virtuoso flute player from Belfast, nicknamed "The Man with the Golden Flute".[3] He established an international career as a solo flute player.

Early life and education

Galway was born in East Belfast near the Belfast docks as one of two brothers. His father, who played the flute, was employed at the Harland and Wolff shipyard until the end of World War II and spent night-shifts cleaning buses after the war, while his mother, a pianist, was a winder in a flax-spinning mill. Surrounded by a tradition of flute bands and many friends and family members who played the instrument, he was taught the flute by his uncle at the age of nine and joined his fife and drum corps. At the age of eleven Galway won the junior, senior, and open Belfast flute Championships in a single day. His first instrument was a five-key Irish flute, and at the age of twelve or thirteen, he received a Boehm instrument. He left school at the age of fourteen and worked as an apprentice to a piano repairer for two years.[4][5][6]

He subsequently went to London to study the flute at the Royal College of Music under John Francis and then at the Guildhall School of Music under Geoffrey Gilbert. He then studied at the Paris Conservatoire under Gaston Crunelle and Jean-Pierre Rampal and also privately with Marcel Moyse.[]

Career

After his education he spent fifteen years as an orchestral player.[7]

He has played with Sadler's Wells Opera, Covent Garden Opera, the London Symphony Orchestra and the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra.[7] He auditioned for the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra under Herbert von Karajan, and was principal flute of that orchestra from 1969 to 1975. To Karajan's surprise and dismay, after a period of some disagreement, Galway decided that he would leave to pursue a solo career.[8][page needed]

In addition to his performances of the standard classical repertoire, he features contemporary music in his programmes, including new flute works commissioned by and for him by composers including David Amram, Malcolm Arnold, William Bolcom, John Corigliano, John Wolf Brennan, Dave Heath, Lowell Liebermann and Joaquín Rodrigo. The album James Galway and The Chieftains in Ireland by Galway and The Chieftains reached number 32 in the UK Albums Chart in 1987.[9]

Galway still performs regularly and is one of the world's most well-known flute players. His recordings have sold over 30 million copies.[10]

In 1990, he was invited by Roger Waters to play at The Wall - Live in Berlin concert, held in Potsdamer Platz; he played Pink Floyd's songs "Goodbye Blue Sky" and "Is There Anybody Out There?". Galway performed for the Academy Award-winning ensemble recording the soundtracks of Peter Jackson's The Lord of the Rings film trilogy, composed by Howard Shore. In June 2008, he was inducted into the Hollywood Bowl Hall of Fame along with Liza Minnelli and B. B. King.[]

He currently performs on Nagahara flutes, as well as some Muramatsu Flutes. Conn-Selmer produces his line of flutes, "Galway Spirit Flutes".

Galway is president of Flutewise, a global charitable organisation that supports young flute players,[7][11] run by Liz Goodwin. In 2003 he formed the Music Education Consortium together with Julian Lloyd Webber, Evelyn Glennie, and Michael Kamen to pressure the British Government into providing better music education in schools. He is an Ambassador for the National Foundation for Youth Music, a UK charity.[12] He was made an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in 1977, and was knighted in 2001,[7] the first wind player ever to receive that honour.[13] He is a National Patron of Delta Omicron, an international professional music fraternity.[14]

In December 2013 Galway launched First Flute, an online interactive series of lessons for beginning flute students of all ages.[15]

He received the 2014 Gramophone Lifetime Achievement Award.[16]

Personal life

Galway has been married three times. His first marriage, to a Frenchwoman, produced a son. He married his second wife, Anna (Annie) Renggli, a daughter of a well-known Swiss architect, in 1972, and moved from Berlin to Lucerne, Switzerland, her hometown. The couple had twin daughters and a son. In 1978 he recorded for her an instrumental version of John Denver's "Annie's Song". It peaked at no. 3 in the UK Singles Chart.[5][9]

After their divorce he moved to Meggen, Switzerland, a village next to Lucerne, where he resides now with his third wife, the American-born Jeanne Galway (née Cinnante), whom he married in 1984. They often tour together playing duets. In addition, they give master classes for flutists of all levels.[17][18]

Galway is a dedicated Christian who visits various types of churches while travelling (as long as they are not modern and "happy-clappy") and prays before his concert performances.[19] He also wears a cross pendant, about which he says, "It's not jewellery. It's something that reminds me of what I should be doing and how I should be behaving."

In August 1977, Galway was run over by a large speeding motorcycle in Lucerne, breaking his left arm and both legs and requiring a four-month hospital stay.[4][5] He has the eye condition nystagmus, and is a patron of the Nystagmus Network, a UK-based support group for people with the condition.[20] On 23 December 2009, he fell down a flight of stairs at his home, fracturing his left wrist and shattering his right elbow.[21]

Appearing on The Nolan Show in June 2015, Galway stated that he views his national identity as Irish. He was critical of the actions of the Northern Irish government during his childhood, and singled out prominent Unionist figures such as Ian Paisley for fostering the division that led to The Troubles. His comments were criticised by prominent Unionist politicians, among them Sammy Wilson.[22] Describing Northern Ireland as "the British-occupied part of Ireland", Galway further elaborated he would like "Ireland to be Ireland" and that when people ask him where he comes from he says "Ireland" and when asked if he is "Irish", he replies affirmatively.[2]

James's younger brother George Galway (born Belfast, 23 December 1940) is a jazz musician (clarinet, flute, and saxophone) and teacher based in Manchester, England. George's elder child and James's nephew, Martin Galway, is a musician known for his work on Commodore 64 computer game music in the 1980s.[]

Discography

NOTE: All release dates for non-compilations below are taken from the liner notes for The Man with the Golden Flute - The Complete RCA Collection (71 CDs and 2 DVDs box set) (2014).

Media

References

Notes
  1. ^ Ferguson, Amanda (5 June 2015). "Ian Paisley planted thoughts of violence, says James Galway". The Irish Times. Retrieved 2015.
  2. ^ a b "James Galway: Ian Paisley Sr indirectly "responsible" for killings in Northern Ireland". BBC. 5 June 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  3. ^ "THE MAN WITH THE GOLDEN FLUTE". The New York Times.
  4. ^ a b Bigio, Robert (December 2009). "Sir James Galway at seventy". Pan. British Flute Society. Retrieved 2015.
  5. ^ a b c Hauptfuhrer, Fred (24 July 1978). "The pied piper picked a peck of pop plaudits, but James Galway is a hero of the classical flute too". People. Retrieved 2015.
  6. ^ "Thoughts on Flutes and Teaching : Buying a flute and how I came by the diamonds on the way". James Galway's website. 25 August 1999. Retrieved 2015.
  7. ^ a b c d O'Loughlin, Niall; Wigmore, Richard (2001). "James Galway". In Root, Deane L. Grove Music Online. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/gmo/9781561592630.article.10595. (Subscription required (help)).
  8. ^ Galway, James (1978). An Autobiography. Chappell. ISBN 978-0903443302.
  9. ^ a b Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London, UK: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 221. ISBN 1-904994-10-5.
  10. ^ Profile, npr.org, 10 April 2011; accessed 29 July 2015.
  11. ^ Official website of Flutewise
  12. ^ "Celebrity supporters". National Youth Music Foundation. Retrieved 2013.
  13. ^ Limelight, October 2010, p. 19
  14. ^ "National Patrons & Patronesses". Delta Omicron. Archived from the original on 17 March 2008. Retrieved 2012.
  15. ^ Galway, James. "First Flute". Retrieved 2014.
  16. ^ "Flautist Sir James Galway wins lifetime award". BBC News. 18 September 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  17. ^ "Lady Jeanne Galway". Archived from the original on 1 October 2013. Retrieved 2013.
  18. ^ Torres, Chole. "So I Married A... Knight". Hitched. Retrieved 2015.
  19. ^ Profile of James Galway on PBS's Religion and Ethics News Weekly
  20. ^ "Press Release" (Microsoft Word document). Nystagmus Network. 26 October 2009. Retrieved 2009.[permanent dead link]
  21. ^ Joseph, Claudia (27 June 2010). "James Galway: I broke both my arms... I feared I'd never play the flute again". The Daily Mail. Retrieved 2015.
  22. ^ Williamson, Claire (5 June 2015). "Ian Paisley indirectly responsible for killings during Troubles, says flautist Sir James Galway". Belfast Telegraph. Retrieved 2015.
Sources

External links


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