James Stewart Martin (congressman)
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James Stewart Martin Congressman
James Stewart Martin
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's 16th district

March 4, 1873 - March 3, 1875
District created
William A. J. Sparks
Personal details
Born(1826-08-19)August 19, 1826
Gate City, Virginia
DiedNovember 20, 1907(1907-11-20) (aged 81)
Salem, Illinois
Political partyRepublican

James Stewart Martin (August 19, 1826 - November 20, 1907) was a U.S. Representative from Illinois.


Martin was born in Estillville (now Gate City), Scott County, Virginia, the son of John S. Martin and Melinda Morison.[1] His father's second wife was Nancy Brownlow, making him a step-nephew of radical Tennessee governor William "Parson" Brownlow.[2] He attended the common schools and Emory and Henry College in Emory, Virginia. He moved to Salem, Illinois, in 1846. He served during the Mexican-American War in Company C of the 1st Regiment of Illinois Volunteers. Afterwards he studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1861 and commenced practice in Salem, Illinois; becoming a clerk of the Marion County Court.

During the Civil War Martin served in the Union Army and was commissioned colonel of the 111th Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment on September 18, 1862. He was brevetted brigadier general on February 26, 1865 and then honorably mustered out on June 7. After the war Marion served as judge of Marion County Court. He was appointed as United States pension agent by President Grant on April 13, 1869.

Martin was elected as a Republican to the Forty-third Congress (March 4, 1873 - March 3, 1875), defeating Silas L. Bryan, the father of William Jennings Bryan, by a vote of 12,266 to 12,016. He was an unsuccessful candidate for re-election and then became commissioner of the Southern Illinois Penitentiary at Menard in 1879.

Martin died in Salem, Illinois on November 20, 1907. He was interred in East Lawn Cemetery.


  1. ^ Green Raum, History of Illinois Republicanism, (Chicago, Ill.: Rollins Publishing Company, 1900), p. 311. Retrieved 13 April 2014.
  2. ^ Zella Armstrong, Notable Southern Families, Volume 1, (Chattanooga, Tenn.: The Lookout Publishing Co., 1918), p. 44. OCLC 1079125. Retrieved: 29 October 2012.
  • United States Congress. "James Stewart Martin (id: M000184)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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