Jan D%C5%82ugosz
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Jan D%C5%82ugosz
Jan D?ugosz
Jan D?ugosz.PNG
Jan D?ugosz by Walery Eljasz, 1889
Born1 December 1415
Died19 May 1480(1480-05-19) (aged 64)
Other names
  • Joannes
  • Ioannes
  • Johannes Longinus
  • Dlugossius
Occupation
Notable work
Latin: Annales seu cronici incliti regni Poloniae

Jan D?ugosz (Polish pronunciation: ['jan 'dwu]; 1 December 1415 – 19 May 1480), also known in Latin as Johannes Longinus, was a Polish priest, chronicler, diplomat, soldier, and secretary to Bishop Zbigniew Ole?nicki of Kraków. He is considered Poland's first historian.[1][2]

Life

Jan D?ugosz

Jan D?ugosz is best known for his Annales seu cronici incliti regni Poloniae (Annals or Chronicles of the Famous Kingdom of Poland) in 12 volumes and in Latin language, covering events in southeastern Europe, but also in Western Europe, from 965 to 1480, the year he died.[3][2] D?ugosz combined features of Medieval chronicles with elements of humanistic historiography.[2] For writing the history of the Kingdom of Poland, D?ugosz also used Ruthenian (Russian) chronicles including those that did not survive to our times (among which there could have been used the Kiev collection of chronicles of the 11th century in the Przemysl's edition around 1100 and the Przemysl episcopal collections of 1225-40).[2]

His work was first printed in 1701-1703. It was originally printed at the Jan Szeliga printing house in Dobromyl financed by Jan Szcz?sny Herburt.[2] Whenever Jan D?ugosz bothers to mention himself in the book, he writes of himself in the third person. He belonged to the Wieniawa coat-of-arms.

D?ugosz was a canon at Kraków,[1] educated at the University of Krakow. He was sent by King Casimir IV Jagiellon of Poland on diplomatic missions to the Papal and Imperial courts, and was involved in the King's negotiations with the Teutonic Knights during the Thirteen Years' War (1454-66) and at the peace negotiations.

In 1434, D?ugosz's uncle, the first pastor at K?obuck, appointed him to take over his position as canon of St. Martin church there. The town was in the Opole territory of Silesia, but had recently been conquered by W?adys?aw II Jagieo. D?ugosz stayed until 1452 and while there, founded the canonical monastery.

In 1450, D?ugosz was sent by Queen Sophia of Halshany and King Casimir to conduct peace negotiations between John Hunyadi and the Bohemian noble Jan Jiskra of Brandýs, and after six days' of talks convinced them to sign a truce.

In 1455 in Kraków, a fire spread which destroyed much of the city and the castle, but which spared D?ugosz's house.

In 1461 a Polish delegation which included D?ugosz met with emissaries of George of Podebrady in Bytom, Silesia. After six days of talks, they concluded an alliance between the two factions. In 1466 D?ugosz was sent to the legate of Wroc?aw, in order to attempt to obtain assurance that the legate was not biased in favor of the Teutonic Knights. He was successful, and was in 1467 entrusted with tutoring the king's son.

D?ugosz declined the offer of the Archbishopric of Prague, but shortly before his death was nominated Archbishop of Lwów. This nomination was only confirmed by Pope Sixtus IV on 2 June 1480,[4] two weeks after his death.

His work Banderia Prutenorum of 1448 is his description of the 1410 Battle of Grunwald, which took place between villages of Grunwald and St?bark.

At some point in his life D?ugosz loosely translated Wigand of Marburg's Chronica nova Prutenica from Middle High German into Latin, however with many mistakes and mixup of names and places.[5]

Works

  • Liber beneficiorum dioecesis Cracoviensis
  • Annales seu cronicae incliti Regni Poloniae (Annals or Chronicles of the Famous Kingdom of Poland)
Roczniki, czyli kroniki s?awnego Królestwa Polskiego (new Polish translation of the Annals, 1961-2006)
The Annals of Jan Dlugosz (English translation of key sections of the work, ISBN 1-901019-00-4)

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b Davies 1982, p. 5.
  2. ^ a b c d e Isayevych, Ya. Jan D?ugosz ( ). Encyclopedia of History of Ukraine. 2004
  3. ^ "Jan Dlugosz". Catholic Encyclopedia.
  4. ^ Konrad Eubel (1914). Hierarchia catholica medii aevi, Münster: Librariae Regensbergianae, vol. 2, p. 176.
  5. ^ Samples of Jan Dlugosz mistakes and mixups on Pages 431-434 in Scriptorum Rerum Prussicarum

Sources

  • Davis, Norman (1982). God's Playground: A History of Poland. Vol. I. Columbia University Press.

External links

Religious titles
Preceded by
Grzegorz z Sanoka
Archbishop of Lwów
1480
Succeeded by
Jan Strzelecki

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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