Jane Addams Memorial Tollway
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Jane Addams Memorial Tollway

Interstate 90 marker

Interstate 90
I-90 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by ISTHA, IDOT, and SCC
Length107.82 mi[1] (173.52 km)
Major junctions
West end / at Wisconsin state line
 
East endToll plate yellow.svgNo image wide.svg
/ at Indiana state line
Location
CountiesWinnebago, Boone, McHenry, Kane, Cook
Highway system
->

Interstate 90 (I-90) in the U.S. state of Illinois runs roughly northwest-to-southeast through the northern part of the state. From the Wisconsin state line at South Beloit, it heads south to Rockford before heading east-southeast to the Indiana state line at Chicago. I-90 traverses 108 miles (174 km) through a variety of settings, from farmland west of the Fox River Valley through the medium-density suburbs west of O'Hare International Airport, through downtown Chicago, and through the heart of the industrial southeast side of Chicago before entering Indiana.

I-90 comprises several named highways. The Interstate runs along the Jane Addams Memorial Tollway (previously called the Northwest Tollway) from South Beloit to O'Hare Airport, the Kennedy Expressway runs from O'Hare to the Chicago Loop, the Dan Ryan Expressway from the Loop to the Chicago Skyway, and the Skyway to the Indiana state line. The Jane Addams and Chicago Skyway are toll roads maintained by the Illinois State Toll Highway Authority (ISTHA) and the Skyway Concession Company (SCC) respectively. The remainder of the highway is maintained by the Illinois Department of Transportation.

Route description

I-90 enters from Beloit, Wisconsin, with I-39. U.S. Route 51 (US 51) joins at exit 1. At the Rockton Road exit, I-39/I-90/US 51 becomes the Jane Addams Memorial Tollway. The two Interstates and the U.S Route run concurrently south to Cherry Valley, passing by Rock Cut State Park. At Chery Valley, I-39/US 51 continues as a freeway south to Bloomington-Normal. I-90 makes a 90º turn and continues east and crosses the Kishwaukee River before entering Boone County.[]

I-90 heads east and then turns southeast and crosses under US 20 and then turns east.

The Jane Addams Memorial Tollway features an Illinois Tollway oasis in Belvidere, an over-highway oasis. This unique rest stop provides several vendors and allows tollway travelers to rest, refuel, and eat without having to exit the tollway. Another oasis was previously sited in Des Plaines near O'Hare, but it was closed and demolished in 2014 to make room for the widening of I-90 and the O'Hare West Bypass.[2]

After the oasis, I-90 has an interchange with Genoa Road and turns southeast towards McHenry County. I-90 does not have another interchange until IL 23. This interchange gap is 11 miles (18 km) long.[]

I-90 has a short segment in McHenry County but does have an interchange at IL 23. The route heads southeast in the entire county passing by farms. I-90 heads toward Kane County in this direction.[]

I-90 heads southeast and has an interchange with US 20, then it continues southeast toward the Elgin Toll Plaza. It widens to eight lanes and enters the Chicago suburbs at Randall Road and turns due east for 9.2 miles (14.8 km). I-90 crosses the Fox River before entering Cook County.[]

I-90 enters heading due east and passes by housing areas and shopping centers. It then passes north of a forest preserve with active traffic management gantries appearing after crossing under Barrington Road. I-90 then turns southeast toward O'Hare International Airport. In Schaumburg, I-90 meets the western end of I-290, the only loop from I-90 in Illinois. I-90 then turns slightly to the south after the interchange and widens to five lanes in each direction after I-290. At Elmhurst Road, I-90 narrows down to four lanes in each direction and turns slightly to the northeast. It then goes through the areas north of O'Hare International toward Rosemont and I-190/I-294.[]

Interstates 90 and 94 approaching Interstate 55.

After the I-190/I-294 interchange, I-90 becomes a freeway called the Kennedy Expressway heading due east. It then turns southeast and meets I-94. I-90/I-94 then turns south and meets the east end of I-290 and the Chicago-Kansas City Expressway. After the interchange, The Kennedy Expressway becomes the Dan Ryan Expressway and meets I-55. I-90 splits from I-94 at Englewood and becomes the Chicago Skyway with three lanes in each direction, turning southeast. It then crosses the Calumet River and continues into Indiana.[]

History

The Jane Addams Tollway in Schaumburg prior to the 2015-16 rebuild and widening

Jane Addams Memorial Tollway

The 76-mile (122 km) Northwest Tollway portion of I-90 opened on August 20, 1958.[3] Prior to the opening, the first vehicle to officially travel the new roadway was a covered wagon navigated by local resident John Madsen who took 5 days to make the journey.[4]

On September 7, 2007, highway officials responding to an effort by state lawmakers renamed the Northwest Tollway to Jane Addams Memorial Tollway, after Jane Addams, the Nobel Peace Prize winner and founder of the Settlement House movement in the United States.[5][6]

The Illinois Tollway's 2005-2012 Congestion-Relief Program provided $644.1 million in improvements to the I-90 corridor.[7] Projects included rebuilding and widening of the tollway between I-39 and Rockton Road, including a reconfiguration of the I-90/I-39 interchange to improve traffic flow. This construction started in 2008 and was completed by the end of 2009.[8]

From 2013 to 2016, over $2 billion was spent on rebuilding and widening the Jane Addams Memorial Tollway from I-39 to the Kennedy Expressway. The inside shoulders were widened for future transit opportunities, and active traffic management was incorporated into the corridor from IL 59 to the eastern end.[9][10] In addition, almost all of the crossroad bridges were rebuilt and several interchanges were reconfigured/expanded.[11] In 2019, a $33.4 million interchange with IL 23 was added near Marengo to provide the first I-90 interchange in McHenry County.[12]

Until 1978, I-90 was routed on the Congress Street Expressway (later named the Eisenhower Expressway) which was extended from the Loop to the intersection of the Northwest Tollway and IL 53. The Kennedy Expressway was signed only as I-94, and the portion of present-day I-90 between the Edens Expressway and IL 53 was not signed as an Interstate Highway. This provided a non-toll section of I-90 between downtown Chicago and IL 53. The route designations were changed to their present form when I-90 was moved to follow the entire length of the Kennedy Expressway and the Jane Addams Tollway, and the original route was designated I-290.

In 2018, ISTHA raised the speed limit on I-90 from 65 to 70 miles per hour (105 to 113 km/h) from the I-39 split to Randall Road. They also raised it from 55 to 70 miles per hour (89 to 113 km/h) from Randall Road to Mount Prospect Road and raised the limit from Mount Prospect Road to the Kennedy was raised from 55 to 60 miles per hour (89 to 97 km/h). The speed limit for buses is 65 miles per hour (105 km/h), and the speed limit for trucks is 60 miles per hour (97 km/h).[13]

Chicago Skyway

Chicago Skyway in 1999

The Chicago Skyway was originally known as the Calumet Skyway.[14] It cost $101 million (1958, $791 million in 2011) to construct and took about 34 months (nearly 3 years) to build. Nearly 8 miles (13 km) of elevated roadway, the Chicago Skyway was originally built as a shortcut from State Street, a major north-south street on Chicago's South Side that serves the Loop, to the steel mills on the Southeast to the Indiana state line where the Indiana Toll Road begins. Later, when the Dan Ryan Expressway opened, the Chicago Skyway was extended west to connect to it. There are only two eastbound exits east of the toll barrier, whereas there are four westbound exits west of the toll barrier (so that no exits are available until one has crossed the bridge and paid the toll). The Chicago Skyway opened to traffic on April 16, 1958.[14][15]

The Skyway's official name, referring to it as a "toll bridge" rather than a "toll road", is the result of a legal quirk. At the time of its construction, the city charter of Chicago did not provide the authority to construct a toll road. However, the city could build toll bridges, and it was found that there was no limit to the length of the approaches to the bridge. Therefore, the Skyway is technically a toll bridge spanning the Calumet River with a six-mile-long (9.7 km) approach. This also is part of the reason that there are no exits available until after one has crossed the bridge and paid the toll.[16]

Historically, the Chicago Skyway was signed as, and was widely considered to be part of, I-90 from the mid-1960s forward (after I-90 in this area had been swapped with I-94). However, around 1999, the City of Chicago realized they had never received official approval to designate the Skyway as I-90. The city subsequently replaced most of the "I-90" signage with "TO I-90/I-94" signage. However, the Illinois Department of Transportation (IDOT) has always and continues to report the Skyway as part of the Interstate Highway System, and the Federal Highway Administration also considers the Chicago Skyway an official part of I-90.[17]

In the 1960s, the newly constructed Dan Ryan Expressway and the neighboring Calumet Expressway, Kingery Expressway and Borman Expressway provided free alternatives to the tollway, and the Skyway became much less used. As a result, from the 1970s through the early 1990s, the Skyway was unable to repay revenue bonds used in its construction.[18] Traffic volumes rebounded from the late 1990s onward, partially because of the construction of casinos in Northwest Indiana, along with reconstruction of the Dan Ryan, Kingery and Borman Expressways.[19] In June 2005, the Skyway became compatible with electronic toll collection, with users now able to pay tolls using I-PASS or E-ZPass transponders.[20]

Chicago's Department of Streets and Sanitation formerly maintained the Chicago Skyway Toll Bridge System. A transaction that gave the city a $1.83 billion cash infusion leased the Skyway to the Skyway Concession Company, a joint-venture between the Australian Macquarie Infrastructure Group and Spanish Cintra Concesiones de Infraestructuras de Transporte S.A., which assumed operations on the Skyway on a 99-year operating lease. The agreement between SCC and the city of Chicago marked the first time an existing toll road was moved from public to private operation in the United States.[21]

Exit list

CountyLocationmi[1]kmExitDestinationsNotes
WinnebagoSouth Beloit0.000.00 north / west - MadisonContinuation into Wisconsin
0.290.471 north /  - South BeloitWestern end of US 51 overlap
Rockton2.714.363 (Rockton Road)Northwestern end of Jane Addams Memorial Tollway
3.605.79South Beloit Toll Plaza 1
Rockford8.9414.398 (West Lane Road) - Machesney Park
12.4720.0712 west (East Riverside Boulevard)
15.7625.3615
(State Street)
Cherry Valley17.4028.0017 south / south to  - BloomingtonEastern end of I-39/US 51 overlap; to Chicago Rockford International Airport via US 20 west
BooneBelvidere20.4032.8320Irene RoadI-Pass only on eastbound exit and westbound entrance ramps
22.9336.90Belvidere Toll Plaza 5 (westbound)
23.5137.84Belvidere Oasis
24.6239.6225Belvidere-Genoa Road
McHenryRiley36.158.136 - Marengo, GenoaI-Pass only on exit and westbound entrance ramps
37.3960.17Marengo Toll Plaza 7 (eastbound)
KaneHampshire41.5466.8542 - Hampshire, Marengo
Huntley46.0274.0647 - Huntley, Woodstock, ElburnI-Pass only
Elgin51.7883.3352 (Randall Road)
53.4285.97Elgin Toll Plaza 9
54.2287.2654 (State Street, 8th Street) - ElginSigned as exits 54A (south) and 54B (north)
Kane-Cook
county line
55.9590.0456 (Dundee Avenue)
CookHoffman Estates57.7792.9758Beverly RoadWestbound exit and eastbound entrance
59.3195.4559 (Sutton Road)
61.8199.4762Barrington RoadI-Pass only on eastbound exit and westbound entrance ramps
Schaumburg65.19104.9165Roselle RoadI-Pass only on eastbound exit and westbound entrance ramps; westbound entrance ramp via Central Road
66.93107.7167Meacham RoadI-Pass only; westbound exit and entrance; no access from I-290 and IL 53 ramp
Rolling Meadows67.84109.1868
east / to south /  - Chicago, West Suburbs, Northwest Suburbs
Signed as exits 68A (east/south) and 68B (north); western terminus of I-290
Arlington Heights70.47113.4170Arlington Heights RoadToll on eastbound exit and westbound entrance ramps
Des Plaines73.25117.8873 Elmhurst Road to I-Pass only on eastbound exit and westbound entrance ramps

south (Western O'Hare Beltway)
Currently under construction; expected to be complete in 2023
75.80121.9976 (Lee Street)Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
Rosemont76.75123.52Devon Avenue Toll Plaza 17 (westbound)
77.03123.97-- (Higgins Road) / Devon AvenueWestbound entrance
77.20124.2477A west (Kennedy Expressway) - O'Hare

south (Tri-State Tollway) - Indiana
Eastbound exit and westbound entrance; I-190 exit 1C; I-294 north exit 40
77B
north (Tri-State Tollway) - Milwaukee
Signed as exit 77 westbound; I-294 south exit 40B
78.20125.85River Road Toll Plaza 19 (eastbound)
Chicago78.65126.5778
west (Kennedy Expressway) to south (Tri-State Tollway) / River Road / Mannheim Road - O'Hare, Indiana
Westbound exit and eastbound entrance; eastern terminus of I-190; southeastern end of Jane Addams Memorial Tollway
79.28127.5979 south (Cumberland Avenue)Signed as exits 79A (south) and 79B (north)
79.99128.7380Canfield RoadWestbound exit and eastbound entrance
80.84130.1081A (Harlem Avenue)
81.14130.5881BSayre AvenueWestbound exit and eastbound entrance
81.85131.7282ANagle AvenueNo westbound exit
82.09132.1182BBryn Mawr AvenueWestbound exit
82.31132.4782CAustin Avenue to Foster AvenueEastbound exit
82.79133.2483AFoster AvenueNo eastbound exit
83.01133.5983BCentral AvenueWestbound exit and eastbound entrance
83.71134.7284Lawrence AvenueEastbound To I-94
84.35-
84.59
135.75-
136.13
-- west (Edens Expressway) - MilwaukeeWestern end of I-94 overlap; westbound exit and eastbound entrance; western end of reversible express lanes; I-94's exit numbers used throughout the concurrency; I-94 exit 43B
84.77136.4243CMontrose AvenueWestbound exit and eastbound entrance
85.03136.8443DKostner AvenueWestbound exit
85.39-
85.62
137.42-
137.79
44A (Irving Park Road) / Keeler AvenueNo westbound exit
85.62-
85.81
137.79-
138.10
44B (Irving Park Road) / Pulaski RoadWestbound exit and eastbound entrance
86.34138.9545AAddison Street
86.77139.6445BKimball Avenue
87.08140.1445CBelmont Avenue / Kedzie AvenueWestbound exit and eastbound entrance
87.64141.04--Sacramento AvenueEastbound entrance
87.79141.2846ACalifornia AvenueEastbound exit and westbound entrance
87.96141.5646BDiversey AvenueWestbound exit and eastbound entrance
88.53-
88.90
142.48-
143.07
47AWestern Avenue / Fullerton AvenueWestbound exit and eastbound entrance from Western Avenue
89.08143.3647BDamen AvenueWestbound exit and eastbound entrance
89.52144.0748AArmitage AvenueEastbound traffic uses Armitage Avenue to Ashland Avenue
90.10145.0048B (North Avenue)Westbound traffic uses North Avenue to Ashland Avenue
90.66145.9049ADivision Street
90.91146.3149BAugusta Boulevard / Milwaukee AvenueWestbound exit and eastbound entrance
91.40147.0950AOgden AvenueEastbound exit and westbound entrance
91.62147.4550BOhio StreetEastern end of reversible express lanes
92.19148.3751ALake StreetWestbound exit and eastbound entrance
92.27148.4951BRandolph Street west
92.34148.6151CWashington Boulevard eastExits only; no entrances
92.44148.7751DMadison Street
92.53148.9151EMonroe StreetEastbound exit
92.62149.0651FAdams Street westEastbound exit and westbound entrance
92.71149.2051GJackson Boulevard eastEastbound exit and westbound entrance
92.72-
93.35
149.22-
150.23
51H
west / west (Eisenhower Expressway) - Aurora, West Suburbs
Jane Byrne Interchange; southeastern end of Kennedy Expressway; northern end of Dan Ryan Expressway; eastern termini of I-290/IL 110; Congress Parkway renamed Ida B. Wells Drive
51ICongress Parkway - Chicago Loop
93.42150.3452ATaylor Street / Roosevelt RoadEastbound exit and westbound entrance
93.57150.5952BRoosevelt Road / Taylor StreetWestbound exit and eastbound entrance
94.22151.6352C18th StreetEastbound exit and westbound entrance
94.22-
96.04
151.63-
154.56
53B
53C
south (Stevenson Expressway) - St. Louis
I-55 north (Stevenson Expressway) / 22nd Street - Lake Shore Drive, Chinatown
Signed as exits 53B (south) and 53C (north) westbound; I-55 exits 292 and 293B; Cermak Road access from westbound only; western end of express lanes
94.48152.0553ACanalport Avenue / Cermak RoadWestbound exit and eastbound entrance; Chinatown exit
96.16154.755431st Street
96.45155.2255A35th StreetU.S. Cellular Field, Illinois Institute of Technology
96.98156.0755BPershing Road
97.44156.8156A43rd Street
97.97157.6756B47th Street
98.88159.1357Garfield Boulevard
99.50160.1358A59th StreetWestbound exit and eastbound entrance
100.00160.9358B63rd StreetEastbound exit and westbound entrance
100.00-
100.33
160.93-
161.47
-- east (Dan Ryan Expressway) - IndianaEastern end of I-94 overlap; eastern end of express lanes; western end of Chicago Skyway; eastbound exit and westbound entrance; I-94 exit 59A
100.33161.47100State StreetWestbound exit and eastbound entrance
101.42163.22101St. Lawrence AvenueWestbound exit and eastbound entrance
101.78163.8010273rd StreetWestbound exit and eastbound entrance
103.04-
103.33
165.83-
166.29
103Stony Island Avenue north to Lake Shore DriveWestbound exit and eastbound entrance
103.93167.26--Jeffery BoulevardEastbound entrance
104.28167.8210487th StreetWestbound exit
104.67168.45Chicago Skyway Toll Plaza
105.26169.40105Anthony Avenue / 92nd StreetEastbound exit and westbound entrance
105.82-
106.21
170.30-
170.93
Chicago Skyway Toll Bridge
107.62173.20107 / / / (Indianapolis Boulevard) / 104th StreetEastbound exit and westbound entrance
107.82173.52Toll plate yellow.svgNo image wide.svg
east / east to / /  - Toledo
Continuation into Indiana; eastern end of Chicago Skyway
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Related routes

I-90 has two related auxiliary Interstate Highways within Illinois. I-190 is a spur into O'Hare International Airport in Chicago that is also known as the Kennedy Expressway O'Hare Extension or the O'Hare Expressway. I-290 takes a southwesterly dogleg left route accessing the western suburbs and heading eastward into downtown Chicago. It is also known as the Dwight D. Eisenhower Expressway.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Illinois Technology Transfer Center (2011). "GIS Data". Illinois Department of Transportation. Archived from the original (ESRI shapefile) on June 26, 2013. Retrieved 2013.
  2. ^ "Jane Addams Memorial Tollway (I-90)". Illinois State Toll Highway Authority. Retrieved 2014.
  3. ^ "N. W. Tollway Opens Aug. 20 at Ceremony". Chicago Daily Tribune. June 30, 1958. Retrieved 2010 – via ProQuest Archiver.
  4. ^ "First Tollway Vehicle to Be Covered Wagon". The Milwaukee Journal. Associated Press. August 11, 1958. part 1, p. 10. Retrieved 2010 – via Google News.
  5. ^ Ryan, Joseph (September 7, 2007). "Northwest Tollway Renamed for Reformer Addams". Daily Herald. Arlington Heights, IL. Retrieved 2007.
  6. ^ Illinois General Assembly (May 22, 2007). "Full text of HJR0019". Retrieved 2007.
  7. ^ Illinois State Toll Highway Authority (2011). Congestion Relief Program: 2011 Update (PDF) (Report). Illinois State Toll Highway Authority. Retrieved 2014.
  8. ^ Illinois State Toll Highway Authority. "Cherry Valley Interchange (I-90/39) Reconstruction and Reconfiguration" (PDF). Illinois State Toll Highway Authority. Retrieved 2014.
  9. ^ "Transit on I-90" (PDF). Jane Addams Memorial Tollway Rebuilding and Widening Project. Illinois State Toll Highway Authority. Retrieved 2014.
  10. ^ "A Smart, State-of-the-Art, 21st Century Corridor" (PDF). Jane Addams Memorial Tollway Rebuilding and Widening Project. Illinois State Toll Highway Authority. Retrieved 2014.
  11. ^ "New and Improved Interchanges" (PDF). Jane Addams Memorial Tollway Rebuilding and Widening Project. Illinois State Toll Highway Authority. Retrieved 2014.
  12. ^ "Interchange Route 23 Interchange Project". Illinois State Toll Highway Authority. March 20, 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  13. ^ "New 70 MPH Speed Limit on I-90 Segment in Northwest Suburbs Now Matches Segment from Elgin to Wisconsin". Cardinal News. March 28, 2018. Retrieved 2020.
  14. ^ a b Foust, Hal (April 17, 1958). "A Great Day For Chicago! Skyway Open". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2010.
  15. ^ Chicago Area Transportation Study. "System Facilities". Chicago Area Transportation Study. Archived from the original on June 18, 2007. Retrieved 2007.
  16. ^ Mayer, Harold M.; Wade, Richard C. (1969). Chicago: Growth of a Metropolis. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. p. 442. ISBN 0-226-51274-6.
  17. ^ Samuel, Peter (June 29, 2005). "Skyway Is Interstate 90 Unless State Withdraws Reports: Feds". TollRoadsNews. Retrieved 2010.
  18. ^ McClendon, Dennis (2005). "Skyway". Encyclopedia of Chicago. Retrieved 2007.
  19. ^ Illinois Department of Transportation (2005). "Getting Around Illinois". Illinois Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2007.
  20. ^ Hilkevitch, Jon. "Skyway will add I-PASS". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2019.
  21. ^ "Chicago privatizes Skyway toll road in $1.8 billion deal". Southern Illinoisian. Carbondale, IL. Associated Press. October 17, 2004. Retrieved 2008.


External links

Route map:

KML is from Wikidata


Interstate 90
Previous state:
Wisconsin
Illinois Next state:
Indiana

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Jane_Addams_Memorial_Tollway
 



 



 
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