|Headquarters||3-2-2 Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-8959, Japan|
|Parent agency||Government of Japan|
The Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (, also known as MEXT, Monka-sh?, is one of the ministries of the Monbu-kagaku-sh?)Japanese government.
The Meiji government created the first Ministry of Education in 1871. In January 2001, the former Ministry of Education, Science, Sports and Culture ( and the former Science and Technology Agency Monbu-sh?) ( Kagaku-gijutsu-ch?) merged to become the present MEXT.
MEXT is led by the Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, who is a member of the Cabinet and is chosen by the Prime Minister, typically from the members of the Diet. The Japanese government centralises education, and it is managed by a state bureaucracy that regulates almost every aspect of the education process. The School Education Law requires schools around the country to use textbooks that follow the curriculum guideline set by the ministry, although there are some exceptions.
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MEXT is one of three ministries that run the JET Programme. It also offers the Monbukagakusho Scholarship, also known as the MEXT or Monbu-sh? scholarship. The Ministry also sets standards for the romanization of Japanese.
MEXT provides the Children Living Abroad and Returnees Internet (CLARINET) which provides information to Japanese families living abroad.
MEXT sends teachers around the world to serve in nihonjin gakk?, full-time Japanese international schools in foreign countries. The Japanese government also sends full-time teachers to hosh? jugy? k? supplementary schools that offer lessons that are similar to those of nihonjin gakk? or those which each have student bodies of 100 students or greater. In addition, MEXT subsidizes weekend schools which each have over 100 students.
The majority of teachers are sent from Japan by the Ministry of Education.