Tigana in 2000 or 2001
|Full name||Amadou Jean Tigana|
|Date of birth||23 June 1955|
|Place of birth||Bamako, French Sudan|
|Height||1.68 m (5 ft 6 in)|
|1972-1974||SO Les Caillols|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only|
Amadou Jean Tigana (born 23 June 1955) is a former French international footballer, having played in midfield and managed professional football extensively throughout France, including 52 appearances and one goal for the France national football team during the 1980s. He most recently coached Chinese Super League outfit Shanghai Shenhua. In his prime, he was a tireless central midfielder, renowned as one of the best midfielders in the world during the 1980s.
Tigana started his professional career as a player at Toulon, having been spotted fairly late playing part-time while employed in a spaghetti factory and then as a postman. He moved to Lyon in 1978 and then to Bordeaux in a $4 million transfer. In Bordeaux's midfield for eight years, Tigana helped them to three league titles and three French cups, as well as taking them close to European glory on two occasions, losing in the semi-final of the European Cup and Cup Winners' Cup in 1985 and 1987 respectively.
He moved in 1989 to Olympique Marseille, and ended his career there following the 1990-91 season, winning two consecutive league titles, and reaching the European Cup Final during the latter season, only to be defeated by Red Star Belgrade on penalties following a 0-0 draw.
Tigana was born in Bamako, French Sudan (now Mali) to a Malian father and a French mother. He represented France, and as an international Tigana joined Michel Platini, Luis Fernandez and Alain Giresse in what was termed "the Magic Square" (le Carré Magique) - one of the greatest midfield foursomes of all time. He was part of the French national football team that won UEFA Euro 1984 on home soil, defeating Spain in the final. Tigana's single international goal came against Hungary in the 1986 FIFA World Cup finals, in which France managed a third-place finish.
Tigana was a world-class box-to box midfielder noted for his great movement, teamwork, pace and tireless stamina. Although Tigana was mainly responsible for his team's defensive duties, he also often ventured forward to create scoring opportunities for his teammates. His work ethic and expansive range of passing, from both long and short range, made him an excellent distributor, which combined with his close control and simplistic yet efficient dribbling technique, made him a world-class midfielder. He was also well known for his contributions in the more advanced areas of the pitch, due to his ability to spot and execute defense splitting passes.
For his first managerial role, Tigana returned to Lyon, coaching them from 1993 to 1995, before moving on to AS Monaco, where he remained until 1999. They were French league champions in 1997 and Champions League semi-finalists a year later, beating Manchester United in the quarter-finals.
He took over as manager of English club Fulham in April 2000 and helped them to promotion from the Division One to the FA Premier League as champions in his first full season. They finished 13th in their first top flight season for more than 30 years and qualified for the UEFA Cup (via the Intertoto Cup), but was sacked in April 2003, even though Fulham weren't in danger of going down at this stage. The club later took him to court, claiming he had wrongly overpaid for certain players such as Steve Marlet, but the charges were dropped. Tigana then took Fulham to court for wrongful dismissal and won, winning a payout of over £2 million.
In October 2005, after a two years plus game hiatus, he signed a two and a half-year contract with Turkish side Be?ikta?. During that same season, Be?ikta? won the Turkish Cup following an eight years hiatus.
Immediately after winning the 2007 Turkish Cup, Tigana announced that he was to leave Be?ikta? at the end of the season. He left Be?ikta? with two games to play, after a contract termination agreement with club board.
On 7 May 2011, after a severe defeat against Sochaux (0-4) and a verbal aggression from Bordeaux team fans against his daughter, who was in the stadium, he announced that he was to leave the Girondins de Bordeaux.
On 18 December 2011, it was announced that Tigana would coach Shanghai Shenhua from the 2012 season. On 15 April 2012, Tigana resigned as manager of Shanghai Shenhua after a run of poor form leaving the Chinese club in the bottom five of its domestic league.
|France||League||Coupe de France||Europe||Total|
|1981-82||Girondins Bordeaux||Division 1||27||1|
|1989-90||Olympique Marseille||Division 1||37||0|
|France national team|
|Lyon||1 July 1993||30 June 1995||85||42||20||23||49.41|
|AS Monaco||1 July 1995||31 December 1998||170||92||37||41||54.12|
|Fulham||9 April 2000||17 April 2003||145||67||37||41||46.21|
|Be?ikta?||31 October 2005||15 May 2007||82||43||16||23||52.44|
|Bordeaux||25 May 2010||7 May 2011||38||12||15||11||31.58|
|Shanghai Shenhua||1 January 2012||15 April 2012||5||1||2||2||20.0|