Jerzy Ossoli%C5%84ski
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Jerzy Ossoli%C5%84ski
Prince
Jerzy Ossoli?ski
Strobel Jerzy Ossoli?ski.jpg
Prince Ossoli?ski by Bartholomeus Strobel
Herb Topor.jpg
Coat of armsTopór
Born(1595-12-15)15 December 1595
Sandomierz, Poland
Died9 August 1650(1650-08-09) (aged 54)
Warsaw, Poland
Noble familyOssoli?ski
Spouse(s)Izabella Dani?owicz
IssueFranciszek Ossoli?ski
Urszula Brygida Ossoli?ska
Helena Tekla Ossoli?ska
Anna Teresa Ossoli?ska
FatherJan Zbigniew Ossoli?ski
MotherAnna Firlej h. Lewart

Prince Jerzy Ossoli?ski h. Topór (15 December 1595 - 9 August 1650) was a Polish nobleman (szlachcic), Crown Court Treasurer from 1632, governor (voivode) of Sandomierz from 1636, Reichsfürst (Imperial Prince) since 1634, Crown Deputy Chancellor from 1639, Great Crown Chancellor from 1643, sheriff (starost) of Bydgoszcz (1633), Lubomel (1639), Puck and Bolim (1647), magnate, politician and diplomat. Famous for being extensively educated, he was a skillful politician and a persuasive public speaker.[1]

Biography

Entry of Jerzy Ossoli?ski into Rome in 1633 by Bernardo Bellotto. National Museum in Wroc?aw.

He was sent with diplomatic missions to the Pope in Rome in 1633. He negotiated with Brandenburgians of Duchy of Prussia in 1635 and led another diplomatic mission to Emperor Ferdinand II and his parliament in Regensburg (Polish: Ratyzbona) in 1636. As a leader of the pro-Habsburg faction at the royal court, he found an ally in the first wife of W?adys?aw IV Waza, Cecilia Renata of Austria, daughter of Ferdinand II. In 1639 and 1641 he once again negotiated with envoys from the Duchy of Prussia. A Catholic, he opposed Protestants and advocated limiting their rights and privileges. In his pro-Habsburg and anti-Protestant stance he was allied with Chancellor Albrycht Stanis?aw Radziwi and Queen Cecilia Renata.

Bust of Jerzy Ossoli?ski at the Warsaw Royal Castle

In 1643 he was appointed Chancellor of the Crown.[2] A close royal adviser, he often supported king W?adys?aw IV Waza from the House of Vasa, arguing for increasing monarch power,[2] although he was known for limiting and withdrawing his support if he knew it was impossible to win. Nonetheless he was among the few who supported W?adys?aw's plans in the late 1640s to wage an offensive war on the Ottoman Empire. He had few friends among the lesser szlachta, whom he mostly disliked and treated the Sejm and regional sejmiks as a 'necessary evil', although he rarely broke any laws.

From 1644 he switched his alignment from pro-Habsburg to pro-French and supported the second marriage of King W?adys?aw with Ludwika Maria Gonzaga. During his life he became the enemy of Adam Kazanowski and Jeremi Wi?niowiecki, whose power diminished with the marriage between W?adys?aw and Cecylia in 1637. Rival of bishop and chancellor Piotr Gembicki, whom he eventually forced to retire from politics in 1642, receiving his position of Great Crown Chancellor.

He was not the wealthiest of magnates, his possessions were very small compared to those of Radziwis or Wi?niowieckis, but almost none of them were mortgaged or loaned. In 1635 he funded the expansion of his family castle in Ossolin. Between 1639-1642 he funded the palace in the capital city of Warsaw.

After the death of W?adys?aw IV in 1648 he supported the election of his half brother John Casimir and was instrumental in his election.[2]

Ossoli?ski also was in favour of treaties with the Cossacks, he took part in the negotiations and was an important contributor to the Treaty of Zborów in 1649.[2]

He was a well regarded speaker and orator (he served twice as the Speaker of the Sejm in 1631 and 1635).[2]

He was also an author of:

  • Orationess... (1647)
  • Mercurius Sarmatiae (1716)
  • Pami?tnik (The Diary or Memoires) 1595-1621 (1952)[2]

He also wrote the diaries of the embassy to Germany (1877) and to Rome (1883).[2]

Brother of Krzysztof Ossoli?ski (1587-1645), voivode of Sandomierz (1638), and Maksymilian Ossoli?ski (1588-1665), chory sandomierski (1624), Deputy Court Treasurer.

Ossoli?ski Palace (left) and Kazanowski Palace (right) in Warsaw. They were both plundered and burned down by Swedes and Germans of Brandenburg in 1650s.

Marriage and issue

Jerzy married Izabella Daniowicz h. Sas in 1620 in Lwów and had four children:[3][4]

Bibliography

  • B?a?ejewski Stanis?aw, Kutta Janusz, Romaniuk Marek: Bydgoski S?ownik Biograficzny. Tom III. Bydgoszcz 1996. ISBN 83-85327-32-0, str. 107-109
  • Bohomolec Franciszek, ?ycie Jerzego Ossoli?skiego, kanclerza wielkiego koronnego, lubelskiego, lubomskiego, lubaczowskiego, bogus?awskiego, brodnickiego, ryckiego, derpskiego, adzielskiego, stanis?awowskiego i bydgoskiego starosty T. 1 i 2 Kraków 1860
  • Ludwik Kubala, Szkice historyczne seria 1, wyd.3 Kraków 1896; Jerzy Ossoli?ski Lwów 1883 T. 1, T. 2, Jerzy Ossoli?ski wyd. 2 rozszerzone, Warszawa Ossolineum 1924.
  • Polski S?ownik Biograficzny t. 24 s. 403
  • A True Copy of the Latine Oration of the Excellent George Ossolinski, Count Palatine of Tenizyn, and Sendomyria, Chamberlain to the Kings Maiestie of Poland, and Suethland, and Embassadour to the Kings most Excellent Maiesty. As it was pronounced to his Maiestie at White-Hall by the said Embassadour, on Sunday the 11. of March, 1620.

External links

References


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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