Jihad of Construction
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Jihad of Construction
Jihad of Construction on a 200 rial banknote of 1982.

Jihad of Construction or Construction Jihad (Persian: ? ?Jah?d-e S?zandeg?), or simply Jihad (? Jah?d) was one of Organizations of the Iranian Revolution. The organization began as a movement of volunteers to help with the 1979 harvest, but soon was institutionalized and took on a broader, more developmental role in the countryside. It was involved with road building, piped water, electrification, clinics, schools, and irrigation canals.[1] It also provides "extension services, seeds, loans," etc. to small farmers.[2]

Jihad of Construction
? ? Jah?d-e S?zandeg?
CountryIran Islamic Republic of Iran
TypeCombat engineering
Nickname(s)"Trench-less trench-makers"
EngagementsIran-Iraq war
Morteza Aviny (head of Jihad TV Unit)[3]

During the Iran-Iraq war, the organization held a combat engineering responsibility. They were active in various operation of the war,[4] most notably in Operation Fath ol-Mobin,[5]Operation Beit-ol-Moqaddas,[6]Operation Kheibar, and Operation Dawn 8.

Iranian leader Ayatollah Khomeini has called them the "trench-less trench-makers" ( ? sangar-s?z?n-e bi-sangar).[7]

The organization engaged in development activities overseas in Tanzania (from 1987), Ghana and Lebanon (1989), Sudan and Sierra Leone (1991), and Albania (1993). It was also active in Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bosnia.[8]

The title for a Jihad member is Jah?dgar (). The title for the commanders is Sard?r-e Jah?dgar ( ).

In 2001 it was merged with the Agriculture Ministry to form the Ministry of Agriculture Jihad.[9]

See also


  1. ^ Keddie, Modern Iran (2003), p.286
  2. ^ Bakhash, Reign of the Ayatollahs, (1984) p.202
  3. ^ "? ? / ? ". Retrieved 2016.
  4. ^ " ? ?-? ? ". Retrieved 2016.
  5. ^ , ? (18 August 2016). " ". Retrieved 2016.
  6. ^ http://khabaronline.ir/detail/155652/weblog/alaei-hosein
  7. ^ "?/ " ?" ? ? ". Retrieved 2016.
  8. ^ Lob, Eric, 2016. 'The Islamic Republic of Iran's Foreign Policy and Construction Jihad's Developmental Activities in Sub-Saharan Africa.' International Journal of Middle East Studies; Cambridge Vol. 48, Iss. 2, (May): 313-338.
  9. ^ The Ministry of Jihad-e Agriculture

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