Jihadist Flag
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Jihadist Flag
Flag used by various Islamist organisations (since the late 1990s) with the white text of the shahada on a black background
Flag of Jama'at al-Tawhid wal-Jihad, used in their beheading videos

The jihadist flag is a flag used by various Muslim extremist organizations, usually consisting of a black background with a white text of the shahada (Islamic creed) emblazoned across it in calligraphy style writing. Its usage was widely adopted by jihadists in the early 2000s,[] and in the 2010s by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.

Islamic organizations which have used such a black flag include:

In the last decade of the South Thailand insurgency, the al-Raya' flag has largely replaced the colourful secessionist flags formerly used by different rebel groups.[1][2]

ISIS variant

The "flag of ISIL" with the "seal of Muhammad" design. Ratio: 2:3. Used in their beheading videos; banned in a number of states around the world, such as Germany.

The variant used by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, and before that by the Islamic State of Iraq (since c. 2006) depicts the second phrase of the shahada in the form of a depiction of the supposedly historical seal of Muhammad.[3]

In August 2014, British Prime Minister David Cameron suggested that anybody displaying "the Islamic State flag" in the United Kingdom should be arrested.[4] Citing the Terrorism Act 2000, section 13 (1b) of the act states "[a] person in a public place commits an offence if he wears, carries or displays an article in such a way or in such circumstances as to arouse reasonable suspicion that he is a member or supporter of a proscribed organisation" and can face six months in prison or a statutory fine.[5]

It has also been banned from a public demonstration in the Netherlands since August 2014.[6]

The use of the image of the ISIS/ISIL/IS/Daesh flag (but not other versions of the black standard) for non-educational purposes has been forbidden in Germany by the Federal Ministry of the Interior since September 2014.[7][8] Neighbouring Austria proposed a ban in the same month.[9]

See also


  1. ^ "Neojihadism and YouTube: Patani militant propaganda dissemination and radicalization" (PDF). Retrieved .
  2. ^ "Bomb blast in Pattani misses Aree".
  3. ^ The SITE (Search for International Terrorist Entities) website on 23 January 2007 stated: "The Islamic State of Iraq issued a document titled: 'The Legality of the Flag in Islam,' which contains the image of its flag and information to its symbolism, today, Tuesday, January 23, 2007. Text on the flag reading, 'No God, but Allah, and Muhammad is Allah's Messenger,' are the words contained on the flag of the Prophet Muhammad that he carried into battle and handed to generations of bearers. The Islamic State provides evidence and legitimacy for this banner from Islamic scholars, and goes into detail regarding opinions of the flag's material, title, and significance. According to the group the circular shape matches the ring stamp of the Prophet found on many scripts, and the order of the words are to indicate the supremacy of Allah over the Messenger." Cited by Ivan Sache at Flags of the World on 18 February 2007.[1]
  4. ^ "Iraq crisis: Cameron warns of possible IS threat to UK". BBC News. 16 August 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  5. ^ http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2000/11/section/13
  6. ^ Cluskey, Peter (2 August 2014). "Dutch ban display of Isis flag in advance Amsterdam march". Irish Times. Retrieved 2014.
  7. ^ Eddy, Melissa (12 September 2014). "Germany Bans Support for ISIS". The New York Times. Retrieved 2014.
  8. ^ "Germany 2014 human rights report - US Department of State" (PDF). state.gov. United States Department of State. 2014. p. 11. Retrieved 2018. On September 12 (2014), the Federal Interior Ministry banned any activities of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), including recruitment, fundraising, and the use of the group's symbols under the name "Islamic State" (German: Islamischer Staat), such as the black flag bearing ISIL's name.
  9. ^ "Austria bans Isis terror symbols". The Local. 12 September 2014. Retrieved 2014.

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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