Joan Bennett in December 1932
Joan Geraldine Bennett
February 27, 1910
|Died||December 7, 1990 (aged 80)|
Scarsdale, New York, U.S.
|Resting place||Pleasant View Cemetery, Lyme, Connecticut, U.S.|
John Marion Fox
(m. 1926; div. 1928)
(m. 1932; div. 1937)
(m. 1940; div. 1965)
|Relatives||Lewis Morrison (grandfather)|
Constance Bennett (sister)
Barbara Bennett (sister)
Morton Downey Jr. (nephew)
Joan Geraldine Bennett (February 27, 1910 - December 7, 1990) was an American stage, film, and television actress. She came from a showbiz family, one of three acting sisters. Beginning her career on the stage, Bennett then appeared in more than 70 films from the era of silent movies, well into the sound era. She is possibly best-remembered for her film noir femme fatale roles in director Fritz Lang's movies such as Man Hunt (1941), The Woman in the Window (1944), and Scarlet Street (1945).
Bennett's career had three distinct phases: first as a winsome blonde ingenue, then as a sensuous brunette femme fatale (with looks that movie magazines often compared to those of Hedy Lamarr), and finally as a warmhearted wife-and-mother figure.
In 1951, Bennett's screen career was marred by scandal after her third husband, film producer Walter Wanger, shot and injured her agent Jennings Lang. Wanger suspected that Lang and Bennett were having an affair, a charge which she adamantly denied. Bennett married four times.
In the 1960s, she achieved success for her portrayal of Elizabeth Collins Stoddard on TV's gothic fan favorite, Dark Shadows, for which she received an Emmy nomination (1968). For her final movie role, as Madame Blanc in Dario Argento's cult horror film Suspiria (1977), she received a Saturn Award nomination. In her New York Times obituary, she was said to be "one of the most underrated actresses of her time".
Joan Geraldine Bennett was born in the Palisade section of Fort Lee, New Jersey, on February 27, 1910, the youngest of three daughters of actor Richard Bennett and actress/literary agent Adrienne Morrison. Her older sisters were actress Constance Bennett and actress/dancer Barbara Bennett, who was the first wife of singer Morton Downey and the mother of Morton Downey Jr. Part of a famous theatrical family, Bennett's maternal grandfather was Jamaica-born Shakespearean actor Lewis Morrison, who embarked on a stage career in the late 1860s. He was of English, Spanish, Jewish, and African ancestry. On the side of her maternal grandmother, actress Rose Wood, the profession dated back to traveling minstrels in 18th century England.
Bennett first appeared in a silent movie as a child with her parents and sisters in her father's drama The Valley of Decision (1916), which he adapted for the screen. She attended Miss Hopkins School for Girls in Manhattan, then St. Margaret's, a boarding school in Waterbury, Connecticut, and L'Hermitage, a finishing school in Versailles, France.
On September 15, 1926, 16-year-old Bennett married John M. Fox in London. They were divorced on July 30, 1928 in Los Angeles on charges of his alcoholism. They had one child, Adrienne Ralston Fox (born February 20, 1928), for whom Bennett fought successfully in court to rename Diana Bennett Markey, when the child was eight years old. Her name changed to Diana Bennett Wanger in 1944.
Bennett's stage debut was at age 18, acting with her father in Jarnegan (1928), which ran on Broadway for 136 performances and for which she received good reviews. By age 19, she had become a movie star through such roles as Phyllis Benton in Bulldog Drummond starring Ronald Colman, which was her first important role, and Lady Clarissa Pevensey opposite George Arliss in Disraeli (both 1929).
She moved quickly from movie to movie throughout the 1930s. Bennett appeared as a blonde (her natural hair color) for several years. She starred in the role of Dolores Fenton in the United Artists musical Puttin' On The Ritz (1930) opposite Harry Richman and as Faith Mapple, his beloved, opposite John Barrymore in an early sound version of Moby Dick (1930) at Warner Brothers.
Under contract to Fox Film Corporation, she appeared in several movies. Receiving top billing, she played the role of Jane Miller opposite Spencer Tracy in She Wanted a Millionaire (1932). She was billed second, after Tracy, for her role as Helen Riley, a personable waitress who trades wisecracks, in Me and My Gal (1932).
On March 16, 1932, she married screenwriter/film producer Gene Markey in Los Angeles, but the couple divorced in Los Angeles on June 3, 1937. They had one child, Melinda Markey (born February 27, 1934, on Bennett's 24th birthday).
Bennett left Fox to play Amy, a pert sister competing with Katharine Hepburn's Jo in Little Women (1933), which was directed by George Cukor for RKO. This movie brought Bennett to the attention of independent film producer Walter Wanger, who signed her to a contract and began managing her career. She played the role of Sally MacGregor, a psychiatrist's young wife slipping into insanity, in Private Worlds (1935) with Joel McCrea. She starred in the film Vogues of 1938 (1937), including the title sequence, where she donned a diamond and platinum bracelet set with the Star of Burma ruby.(p15) Wanger and director Tay Garnett persuaded Bennett to change her hair from blonde to brunette as part of the plot for her role as Kay Kerrigan in the scenic Trade Winds (1938) opposite Fredric March.
With her change in appearance, Bennett began an entirely new screen career as her persona evolved into that of a glamorous, seductive femme fatale. She played the role of Princess Maria Theresa in The Man in the Iron Mask (1939) opposite Louis Hayward, and the role of the Grand Duchess Zona of Lichtenburg in The Son of Monte Cristo (1940) opposite Hayward.
During the search for an actress to play Scarlett O'Hara in Gone with the Wind, Bennett was given a screen test and impressed producer David O. Selznick to such an extent that she was one of the final four actresses, along with Jean Arthur, Vivien Leigh and Paulette Goddard.
On January 12, 1940, Bennett and Walter Wanger were married in Phoenix, Arizona. They were divorced in September 1965 in Mexico. They had two children together, Stephanie Wanger (born June 26, 1943) and Shelley Wanger (born July 4, 1948). The following year on March 13, 1949, she became a grandmother at age 39, similar to her co-star Elizabeth Taylor who became a grandmother at the same age (she and Taylor also shared a February 27 birthday, and each gave birth to one of their children on their birthdays. They both also played Amy March in Little Women - Bennett in the 1933 RKO version; Taylor in the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer remake in 1949.).
Combined with her sultry eyes and husky voice, Bennett's new brunette look gave her an earthier, more arresting persona. She won praise for her performances as Brenda Bentley in The House Across the Bay (1940), also featuring George Raft, and as Carol Hoffman in the anti-Nazi drama The Man I Married, a film in which Francis Lederer also starred.
She then appeared in a sequence of highly regarded film noir thrillers directed by Fritz Lang, with whom she and Wanger formed their own production company. Bennett appeared in four movies under Lang's direction, including as Cockney Jerry Stokes in Man Hunt (1941) opposite Walter Pidgeon, as mysterious model Alice Reed in The Woman in the Window (1944) with Edward G. Robinson, and as vulgar blackmailer Katharine "Kitty" March in Scarlet Street (1945), another film with Robinson.
Bennett was the shrewish, cuckolding wife, Margaret Macomber, in Zoltan Korda's The Macomber Affair (1947) opposite Gregory Peck, as the deceitful wife, Peggy, in Jean Renoir's The Woman on the Beach (also 1947) opposite Robert Ryan and Charles Bickford, and as the tormented blackmail victim Lucia Harper in Max Ophüls' The Reckless Moment (1949) opposite James Mason. Then, easily shifting images again, she changed her screen persona to that of an elegant, witty and nurturing wife and mother in two comedies directed by Vincente Minnelli.
She made a number of radio appearances from the 1930s to the 1950s, performing on such programs as The Edgar Bergen and Charlie McCarthy Show, Duffy's Tavern, The Jack Benny Program, Ford Theater, Suspense and the anthology series Lux Radio Theater and Screen Guild Theater.
She was a very active member of both the Hollywood Democratic Committee and The Hollywood Anti-Nazi League and donated her time and money to many liberal causes (such as the Civil Rights Movement) and political candidates (including Franklin D. Roosevelt, Henry Wallace, Adlai Stevenson, John F. Kennedy, Robert F. Kennedy, and Jimmy Carter) during her lifetime.
For 12 years, Bennett was represented by agent Jennings Lang. She and the onetime vice-president of the Sam Jaffe Agency, who now headed MCA's West Coast television operations, met on the afternoon of December 13, 1951, to talk over an upcoming TV show.
Bennett parked her Cadillac convertible in the lot at the back of the MCA offices, at Santa Monica Boulevard and Rexford Drive, across the street from the Beverly Hills Police Department, and she and Lang drove off in his car. Meanwhile, her husband Walter Wanger drove by at about 2:30 p.m. and noticed his wife's car parked there. Half an hour later, he again saw her car there and stopped to wait. Bennett and Lang drove into the parking lot a few hours later and he walked her to her convertible. As she started the engine, turned on the headlights, and prepared to drive away, Lang leaned on the car, with both hands raised to his shoulders, and talked to her.
In a fit of jealousy, Wanger walked up and twice shot and wounded the unsuspecting agent. One bullet hit Jennings in the right thigh, near the hip, and the other penetrated his groin. Bennett said she did not see Wanger at first. She said she suddenly saw two vivid flashes, then Lang slumped to the ground. As soon as she recognized who had fired the shots, she told Wanger, "Get away and leave us alone." He tossed the pistol into his wife's car.
She and the parking lot's service station manager took Lang to the agent's doctor. He was then taken to a hospital, where he recovered. The police station was located across the lot, officers had heard the shots, and came to the scene and found the gun in Bennett's car when they took Wanger into custody. Wanger was booked and fingerprinted, and underwent lengthy questioning.
"I shot him because I thought he was breaking up my home," Wanger told the chief of police of Beverly Hills. He was booked on suspicion of assault with intent to commit murder. Bennett denied a romance. "But if Walter thinks the relationships between Mr. Lang and myself are romantic or anything but strictly business, he is wrong," she declared. She blamed the trouble on financial setbacks involving film productions Wanger was involved with, and said he was on the verge of a nervous breakdown. The following day Wanger, out on bond, returned to their Holmby Hills home, collected his belongings and moved out. Bennett, however, said there would not be a divorce.
On December 14, Bennett issued a statement in which she said she hoped her husband "will not be blamed too much" for wounding her agent. She read the prepared statement in the bedroom of her home to a group of newspapermen while TV cameras recorded the scene.
Wanger's attorney Jerry Giesler mounted a "temporary insanity" defense. He then decided to waive his rights to a jury and threw himself on the mercy of the court. Wanger served a four-month sentence in the County Honor Farm at Castaic, California, 39 miles north of Downtown Los Angeles, quickly returning to his career to make a series of successful films.
After the 1951 shooting, Bennett made only five movies in the decade that followed, and only two films in the 1970s, as the shooting incident was a stain on her career and she became virtually blacklisted. Blaming the scandal that occurred for destroying her career in the motion picture industry, she once said, "I might as well have pulled the trigger myself." Although Humphrey Bogart, a longtime friend of Bennett, pleaded with Paramount Pictures on her behalf to keep her after her role as Amelie Ducotel in We're No Angels (1955), that movie proved to be one of her last.
As the movie offers dwindled after the scandal, Bennett continued touring in stage successes, such as Susan and God, Once More, with Feeling, The Pleasure of His Company and Never Too Late. Her next TV appearance was in the role as Bettina Blane for an episode of General Electric Theater in 1954. Other roles include Honora in Climax! (1955) and Vickie Maxwell in Playhouse 90 (1957). In 1958, she appeared as the mother in the short-lived television comedy/drama Too Young to Go Steady to teenagers played by Brigid Bazlen and Martin Huston.
She starred on Broadway in the comedy Love Me Little (1958), which ran for only eight performances.
Of the scandal, in a 1981 interview, Bennett contrasted the judgmental 1950s with the sensation-crazed 1970s and 1980s. "It would never happen that way today," she said, laughing. "If it happened today, I'd be a sensation. I'd be wanted by all studios for all pictures."
Despite the shooting scandal and the damage it caused Bennett's career, she and Wanger remained married until 1965. She continued to work steadily on the stage and in television, including her guest role as Denise Mitchell in an episode of TV's Burke's Law (1965).
Bennett received star billing on the gothic soap opera Dark Shadows for its entire five-year run, 1966 to 1971, receiving an Emmy Award nomination in 1968 for her performance as Elizabeth Collins Stoddard, mistress of the haunted Collinwood Mansion. Her other roles on Dark Shadows were Naomi Collins, Judith Collins Trask, Elizabeth Collins Stoddard PT (parallel time, as the show described its alternate reality), Flora Collins, and Flora Collins PT. In 1970, she appeared as Elizabeth in House of Dark Shadows, the feature film adaptation of the series. She declined to appear in the sequel Night of Dark Shadows however, and her character Elizabeth was mentioned as being recently deceased.
Other TV guest appearances include Bennett's roles as Joan Darlene Delaney in an episode of The Governor & J.J. (1970) and as Edith in an episode of Love, American Style (1971). She starred in five made-for-TV movies between 1972 and 1982.
Bennett also appeared in one more feature film, as Madame Blanc in director Dario Argento's horror film Suspiria (1977), for which she received a 1978 Saturn Award nomination for Best Supporting Actress.
Bennett and retired publisher/movie critic David Wilde were married on February 14, 1978, in White Plains, New York. Their marriage lasted until her death.
Celebrated for not taking herself too seriously, Bennett said in a 1986 interview, "I don't think much of most of the films I made, but being a movie star was something I liked very much."
Bennett has a motion pictures star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for her contributions to the film industry. Her star is located at 6300 Hollywood Boulevard, a short distance from the star of her sister Constance.
Bennett died of heart failure on Friday evening, December 7, 1990, at age 80 at her home in Scarsdale, New York. She is interred in Pleasant View Cemetery, Lyme, Connecticut, with her parents.
Bennett appeared in a large number of movies and television productions, listed below in their entirety.
|1916||The Valley of Decision||unborn soul|
|1923||The Eternal City||Page||uncredited|
|1929||The Divine Lady||extra||uncredited|
|1929||Bulldog Drummond||Phyllis Benton|
|1929||Three Live Ghosts||Rose Gordon|
|1929||Disraeli||Lady Clarissa Pevensey|
|1929||The Mississippi Gambler||Lucy Blackburn|
|1930||Puttin' On the Ritz||Delores Fenton|
|1930||Crazy That Way||Ann Jordan|
|1930||Moby Dick||Faith Mapple, his beloved|
|1930||Maybe It's Love (a.k.a. Eleven Men and a Girl)||Nan Sheffield|
|1930||Scotland Yard||Xandra, Lady Lasher|
|1931||Many a Slip||Pat Coster|
|1931||Doctors' Wives||Nina Wyndram|
|1931||Hush Money||Joan Gordon|
|1932||She Wanted a Millionaire||Jane Miller|
|1932||Careless Lady||Sally Brown|
|1932||The Trial of Vivienne Ware||Vivienne Ware|
|1932||Week Ends Only||Venetia Carr|
|1932||Wild Girl||Salomy Jane|
|1932||Me and My Gal||Helen Riley|
|1933||Arizona to Broadway||Lynn Martin|
|1933||Little Women||Amy March|
|1934||The Pursuit of Happiness||Prudence Kirkland|
|1934||The Man Who Reclaimed His Head||Adele Verin|
|1935||Private Worlds||Sally MacGregor|
|1935||Two for Tonight||Bobbie Lockwood|
|1935||She Couldn't Take It||Carol Van Dyke|
|1935||The Man Who Broke the Bank at Monte Carlo||Helen Berkeley|
|1936||Big Brown Eyes||Eve Fallon|
|1936||Thirteen Hours by Air||Felice Rollins|
|1936||Two in a Crowd||Julia Wayne|
|1936||Wedding Present||Monica "Rusty" Fleming|
|1937||Vogues of 1938||Wendy Van Klettering|
|1938||I Met My Love Again||Julie|
|1938||The Texans||Ivy Preston|
|1938||Artists and Models Abroad||Patricia Harper|
|1938||Trade Winds||Kay Kerrigan|
|1939||The Man in the Iron Mask||Princess Maria Theresa|
|1939||The Housekeeper's Daughter||Hilda|
|1940||Green Hell||Stephanie Richardson|
|1940||The House Across the Bay||Brenda Bentley|
|1940||The Man I Married||Carol Hoffman|
|1940||The Son of Monte Cristo||Grand Duchess Zona of Lichtenburg|
|1941||She Knew All the Answers||Gloria Winters|
|1941||Man Hunt||Jerry Stokes|
|1941||Wild Geese Calling||Sally Murdock|
|1941||Confirm or Deny||Jennifer Carson|
|1942||The Wife Takes a Flyer||Anita Woverman|
|1942||Twin Beds||Julie Abbott|
|1942||Girl Trouble||June Delaney|
|1943||Margin for Error||Sophia Baumer|
|1944||The Woman in the Window||Alice Reed|
|1945||Nob Hill||Harriet Carruthers|
|1945||Scarlet Street||Katharine "Kitty" March|
|1946||Colonel Effingham's Raid||Ella Sue Dozier|
|1947||The Macomber Affair||Margaret Macomber|
|1947||The Woman on the Beach||Peggy|
|1948||Secret Beyond the Door...||Celia Lamphere|
|1948||Hollow Triumph (aka The Scar)||Evelyn Hahn|
|1949||The Reckless Moment||Lucia Harper|
|1950||Father of the Bride||Ellie Banks|
|1950||For Heaven's Sake||Lydia Bolton|
|1951||Father's Little Dividend||Ellie Banks|
|1951||The Guy Who Came Back||Kathy Joplin|
|1954||Highway Dragnet||Mrs. Cummings|
|1955||We're No Angels||Amelie Ducotel|
|1956||There's Always Tomorrow||Marion Groves|
|1956||Navy Wife||Peg Blain|
|1960||Desire in the Dust||Mrs. Marquand|
|1970||House of Dark Shadows||Elizabeth Collins Stoddard|
|1941||Philip Morris Playhouse||Girl in the News|
|1946||Screen Guild Players||Experiment Perilous|
|1947||Suspense||"Overture in Two Keys"|