Johan Cruijff-schaal
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Johan Cruijff-schaal
Johan Cruijff Schaal
Organising bodyRoyal Dutch Football Association
Founded1949
1991–present
RegionNetherlands
Number of teams2
Current championsAjax (9th title)
Most successful club(s)PSV Eindhoven (11 titles)
WebsiteJohan Cruyff Shield
2019 Johan Cruyff Shield

The Johan Cruyff Shield (Dutch: Johan Cruijff Schaal, pronounced [?jo: 'kroeyf ?sxa:l])[1] is a football trophy in the Netherlands named after Dutch footballer Johan Cruyff, also often referred to as the Dutch Super Cup. The winner is decided in one match only, played by the winner of the national football league, Eredivisie, and the winner of the national KNVB Cup. In the event of a team winning both the Eredivisie and the KNVB Cup, the Johan Cruyff Shield will be contested between that team and the runner up in the national league. The match traditionally opens the Dutch football season in August one week before the Eredivisie starts.

The trophy

The trophy is a silver plate with a 60-centimetre diameter. It is similar to the trophies received by the champions of the Eredivisie. The engraved text on the trophy is as follows:

  • Border, top: "Johan Cruijff Schaal XV" (or: "Johan Cruyff Trophy X", so Cruijff with 'ij' as opposed to the international spelling using a 'y' and a number in Roman numerals)
  • Centre: "KNVB 31-7-2008" (KNVB standing for "Koninklijke Nederlandse Voetbal Bond" or "Royal Dutch Football Association" followed by the date of the match)
  • Border, bottom: "Ajax - FC Twente" (the teams playing the match, with the champion of the national league named second)

History

Super Cup

The first Super Cup match was played on 25 June 1949. The league champions SVV beat cup winners Quick Nijmegen 2-0.

The Dutch FA brought back the competition in 1991 under the name PTT Telecom Cup, with the match always being played in the De Kuip stadium in Rotterdam. After three years, sponsor PTT Telecom retreated and the name Super Cup was reinstated.

Johan Cruyff Shield

In 1996 the format was changed to the current set-up and played in the Amsterdam Arena under the name Johan Cruyff Schaal, Dutch for Johan Cruyff Shield.

In 2003, the supporters of both teams, namely FC Utrecht and PSV were rather unhappy with the set-up and stayed away from the stadium. The Utrecht fans complained about protocols concerning their travel to Amsterdam (strict rules imposed for the threat of hooliganism) and the PSV fans were dissatisfied with the seats assigned to them. Only 700 of the 13,000 available tickets were sold. The prize money in 2003 amounted to EUR135,000. The contestants in 2004 were Ajax and FC Utrecht. Utrecht won with a final score of 4-2 after trailing 1-2 up until the 85th minute of the match. Thirty-three thousand spectators witnessed the most remarkable comeback in the trophy's history.

Because PSV won both the national championship and the cup in 2005, Ajax (who had finished second in the league) formed the opposition and won 2-1. It was only the fourth home-victory of Ajax over PSV in ten years.

Starting from 2017, the match will be played in the stadium of the Eredivisie champions.

Results

Super Cup

Year Winners Scorers Score Scorers Runners-up
1991 Feyenoord Damaschin Goal 10
1-0 PSV
1992 PSV E. Koeman Goal 25
1-0 Feyenoord
1993 Ajax Litmanen Goal 18, 62
F. de Boer Goal 47
Overmars Goal 61
4-0 Feyenoord
1994 Ajax Litmanen Goal 13
Oulida Goal 21
Kluivert Goal 25
3-0 Feyenoord
1995 Ajax R. de Boer Goal 25
Kluivert Goal 102
2-1 (a.e.t.) Larsson Goal 27 Feyenoord

Johan Cruyff Shield

Year Winners Scorers Score Scorers Runners-up
1996 PSV Eijkelkamp Goal 48
Degryse Goal 61, 78
3-0 Ajax
1997 PSV Cocu Goal 23, 90
De Bilde Goal 90
3-1 Van Houdt Goal 84 Roda JC
1998 PSV Khokhlov Goal 23
Bruggink Goal 53
2-0 Ajax
1999 Feyenoord Tomasson Goal 13
Kalou Goal 15
Paauwe Goal 86
3-2 Knopper Goal 45
Grønkjær Goal 53
Ajax
2000 PSV Ramzi Goal 29
Faber Goal 44
2-0 Roda JC
2001 PSV Ke?man Goal 4
Bruggink Goal 20
Rommedahl Goal 71
3-2 De Witte Goal 34
Van der Doelen Goal 89
FC Twente
2002 Ajax Van der Vaart Goal 41, 76
Mido Goal 54
3-1 Ke?man Goal 10 PSV
2003 PSV Robben Goal 14
van Bommel Goal 47
Ke?man Goal 88
3-1 van de Haar Goal 21 FC Utrecht
2004 FC Utrecht Schut Goal 72
Somers Goal 87, 90'+1
Douglas Goal 90'+5
4-2 Pienaar Goal 51
Sneijder Goal 80
Ajax
2005 Ajax Boukhari Goal 72
Babel Goal 78
2-1 Bouma Goal 51 PSV
2006 Ajax Rosales Goal 7
Perez Goal 69
Sneijder Goal 81
3-1 Cocu Goal 48 PSV
2007 Ajax Gabri Goal 43 1-0 PSV
2008 PSV Lazovi? Goal 55
Marcellis Goal 67
2-0 Feyenoord
2009 AZ Holman Goal 15
El Hamdaoui Goal 24
Martens Goal 28
Lens Goal 67, 87
5-1 Papadopulos Goal 60 SC Heerenveen
2010 FC Twente L. de Jong Goal 8 1-0 Ajax
2011 FC Twente Janko Goal 21
Ruiz Goal 68
2-1 Alderweireld Goal 54 Ajax
2012 PSV Toivonen Goal 353
LensGoal 12
Wijnaldum Goal 90
4-2 Alderweireld Goal 44
Marcelo Goal 75 (o.g.)
Ajax
2013 Ajax Gouweleeuw Goal 69 (o.g.)
Sigþórsson Goal 75
de Jong Goal 103
3-2 (a.e.t.) Guðmundsson Goal 51
Jóhannsson Goal 67
AZ
2014 PEC Zwolle Nijland Goal 54 1-0 Ajax
2015 PSV L. de Jong Goal 2564
Maher Goal 50
3-0 FC Groningen
2016 PSV Pröpper Goal 38 1-0 Feyenoord
2017 Feyenoord Toornstra Goal 7 1-1 (4-2 pen.) Büttner Goal 58 Vitesse
2018 Feyenoord 0-0 (6-5 pen.) PSV
2019 Ajax Dolberg Goal 1
Blind Goal 53
2-0 PSV
2020 Not held

Winners by club

The performance of various clubs is shown in the following table: [2]

References

  1. ^ In isolation, Johan is pronounced ['jo:n].
  2. ^ "Netherlands - List of Super Cup Finals". www.rsssf.com.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Johan_Cruijff-schaal
 



 



 
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