John B. Kendrick
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John B. Kendrick
John B. Kendrick
KENDRICK, JOHN B. GOVERNOR LCCN2016859134 (cropped).jpg
Class I
United States Senator
from Wyoming

March 4, 1917 - November 3, 1933
Serving with
Francis E. Warren (1917-1929)
Patrick Joseph Sullivan (1929-1930)
Robert D. Carey (1930-1933)
Clarence D. Clark
Joseph C. O'Mahoney
9th Governor of Wyoming

January 4, 1915 - February 26, 1917
Joseph M. Carey
Frank L. Houx
Member of the Wyoming State Senate

1910-1914
Theodore C. Diers
Personal details
Born
John Benjamin Kendrick

(1857-09-06)September 6, 1857
Rusk, Texas, U.S.
DiedNovember 3, 1933(1933-11-03) (aged 76)
Sheridan, Wyoming, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)Eula Wulfjen
Children2
MotherAnna Maye
FatherJohn Harvey Kendrick

John Benjamin Kendrick (September 6, 1857 - November 3, 1933) was an American politician and cattleman who served as a United States Senator from Wyoming and as the ninth Governor of Wyoming as a Democrat.

Life

Early life

John Benjamin Kendrick was born near Rusk, Texas to John Harvey Kendrick and Anna Maye on September 6, 1857. He grew up on his family's ranch and attended a public school in Florence, Texas until the seventh grade.[1] In March, 1879 he was employed by Chalres W. Wulfjen to move cattle from Texas to Wyoming.[2] He arrived in the Wyoming Territory in August, 1879 and settled on a ranch near Sheridan, where he raised cattle as a cowboy, ranch foreman, and later cattle company owner.[2][2] In 1883 he returned to Texas and bought a cattle herd to establish his ranch in Wyoming.[3] He married Eula Wulfjen on January 20, 1891.[4]

Kendrick worked as foreman for his father-in-law's cattle company from 1879 until 1883. He was employed by and invested into the Lance Creek Cattle Company and the Converse Cattle Company which he later became owner of in 1897.[2] Kendrick became president of the First National Bank of Sheridan in 1900 and served until 1902.[2]

A $10 National Bank Note, Series 1882 Brown Back, from the First National Bank of Sheridan, WY with the hand-signed signature of John B. Kendrick.

Career

In 1909 he moved to Sheridan and was elected President of the Wyoming Stock Growers Association.[5] He was a member of the Wyoming State Senate from 1910 to 1914. In 1911 he was given the Democratic Senate nomination by acclamation by other Democratic members of the legislature, but was defeated by incumbent Senator Clarence D. Clark.[6] He was given the nomination again in 1912, but was also defeated by Senator Francis E. Warren.[7] He was a delegate to the Democratic National Convention from Wyoming in 1916 and 1924.[4]

He then served as Governor of Wyoming from 1915 until he resigned in 1917, having been elected as a Democratic candidate to the United States Senate in 1916. Kendrick was reelected to the Senate in 1922 and 1928 and served from March 4, 1917, until his death at Sheridan, Wyoming, in 1933.[8] In 1932 he received an honorary law degree from the University of Wyoming.[9]

He was credited with beginning the investigations into the Teapot Dome scandal, a bribery incident that took place from 1922 until 1923. During the 1928 presidential election he was speculated as a possible vice presidential nominee, but the nomination was later given to Senator Minority Leader Joseph Taylor Robinson at the convention.[10]

He served as chairman of the Committee on Canadian Relations (Sixty-fifth Congress) and member of the Committee on Public Lands and Surveys (Seventy-third Congress).[11] He introduced legislation that helped create the Grand Teton National Park in northwestern Wyoming.[9]

Death

On November 2, 1933 Kendrick fell into a coma and was initially diagnosed with a cerebral hemorrhage, but they later determined that he suffered a uremia and died the next day.[12] Governor Edwin C. Johnson praised him for his service as senator and Kendrick was interred in Mount Hope Cemetery in Sheridan, Wyoming.[13][14] First Assistant Postmaster General Joseph C. O'Mahoney was appointed by Governor Leslie A. Miller to fill the vacancy created by Kendrick's death and won the Senate special election to fill out the rest of Kendrick's term in 1934.[15]

Trail End, completed in 1913, is located in Sheridan, Wyoming. Known locally as the Kendrick Mansion, it was the home of John B. Kendrick and his family. It is now a house museum operated by the Wyoming Department of State Parks and Cultural Resources

Kendrick was inducted into the Hall of Great Westerners in the National Cowboy Hall of Fame in 1958.[16]

Electoral history

John B. Kendrick electoral history
1911 Wyoming Senate election
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Clarence D. Clark (incumbent) 46 57.50%
Democratic John B. Kendrick 34 42.50%
Total votes 80 100.00%
1912 Wyoming Senate election
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Francis E. Warren (incumbent) 47 55.95%
Democratic John B. Kendrick 37 44.05%
Total votes 84 100.00%
1916 Wyoming Senate election
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic John B. Kendrick 26,324 51.47% +8.97%
Republican Clarence D. Clark (incumbent) 23,258 45.47% -12.03%
Socialist Paul L. Paulsen 1,334 2.61% +2.61%
Prohibition Arthur B. Campbell 231 0.45% +0.45%
Total votes 51,057 100.00%
1922 Wyoming Senate election
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic John B. Kendrick (incumbent) 35,734 56.75% +5.28%
Republican Frank Wheeler Mondell 26,627 42.28% -3.19%
Socialist William B. Guthrie 612 0.97% -1.64%
Total votes 62,973 100.00%
1928 Wyoming Senate election
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic John B. Kendrick (incumbent) 43,032 53.50% -3.25%
Republican Charles E. Winter 37,076 46.09% +3.81%
Socialist W.W. Wolfe 333 0.41% -0.56%
Total votes 80,441 100.00%

Further reading

  • Georgen, Cynde. In the shadow of the Bighorns: A history of early Sheridan and the Goose Creek valley of northern Wyoming. Sheridan, Wyoming: Sheridan County Historical Society, 2010. ISBN 978-0-9792871-7-6
  • Georgen, Cynde A. One cowboy's dream: John B. Kendrick, his family, home, and ranching empire. 2nd edition, revised. Virginia Beach, Virginia: The Donning Company Publishers, 2004. ISBN 1-57864-239-6

See also

References

  1. ^ "John B. Kendrick, Wyoming Senator, Dies Aged 76". Hartford Courant. 4 November 1933. p. 4. Archived from the original on 15 January 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
  2. ^ a b c d e Peterson, p. 5.
  3. ^ "Death Claims Wyoming Senior Senator Friday". The Billings Gazette. 4 November 1933. p. 2. Archived from the original on 15 January 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
  4. ^ a b "John Benjamin Kendrick (1857-1933)". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved 2012.
  5. ^ "Death Claims Wyoming Senior Senator Friday". The Boston Globe. May 18, 1922. p. 76. Archived from the original on January 16, 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
  6. ^ "Clark Returns to Washington". Natrona County Tribune. 11 February 1911. p. 2. Archived from the original on 15 January 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
  7. ^ "Senator F. E. Warren Wins". Natrona County Tribune. 21 November 1912. p. 2. Archived from the original on 15 January 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
  8. ^ "Sen. John Kendrick". Govtrack.us. Retrieved 2012.
  9. ^ a b "Wyoming Governor John Benjamin Kendrick". National Governors Association. Retrieved 2012.
  10. ^ "Consider Naming Kendrick for Vice President". The Pittsburgh Press. June 23, 1922. p. 13. Archived from the original on January 16, 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
  11. ^ "KENDRICK, John Benjamin, (1857 - 1933)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 2012.
  12. ^ "Kendrick Dies; Rose to Senate From a Saddle". The Times Dispatch. 4 November 1933. p. 1. Archived from the original on 15 January 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
  13. ^ "Gov. Johnson of Colorado Praises Late Statesman". Casper Star-Tribune. 5 November 1933. p. 2. Archived from the original on 15 January 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
  14. ^ "State Of Coma Grips Veteran U.S. Senator". Casper Star-Tribune. 2 November 1933. p. 1. Archived from the original on 14 January 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
  15. ^ "Miller Names O'Mahoney To Seat In Senate". Jackson's Hole Courier. 16 November 1933. p. 1. Archived from the original on 14 January 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
  16. ^ "John Benjamin Kendrick". NNDB. Retrieved 2012.

External links


Political offices
Preceded by
Joseph M. Carey
Governor of Wyoming
January 4, 1915 - February 26, 1917
Succeeded by
Frank L. Houx
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
Clarence D. Clark
U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Wyoming
1917-1933
Succeeded by
Joseph C. O'Mahoney

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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