|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Texas's 31st district
January 3, 2003
|Secretary of the House Republican Conference|
January 3, 2007 - January 3, 2013
John Rice Carter
November 6, 1941
Houston, Texas, U.S.
|Education||Texas Tech University (BA)|
University of Texas at Austin (JD)
John Rice Carter (born November 6, 1941) is the U.S. Representative serving Texas's 31st congressional district since 2003. He is a Republican. The district includes the northern suburbs of Austin, as well as Fort Hood.
Carter was born in Houston, but has spent most of his life in central Texas. Carter graduated from Texas Tech University with a degree in history in 1964, and earned a law degree from the University of Texas School of Law in 1969.
After graduating from law school, Carter served as the first general counsel to the Texas House of Representatives' Agriculture Committee. Carter later began a successful private law practice in Round Rock.
In 1981, Carter was appointed as judge of the 277th District Court of Williamson County. He was elected to the post a year later -- the first Republican elected to a countywide position in Williamson County. He was reelected four times.
A staunch fiscal and social conservative, Carter prides himself on having raised a family built on what he calls "Texas Values."
In the 110th Congress, Congressman Carter has sponsored and co-sponsored a number of bills including the Military Spouses Residency Relief Act, the Terrorist Death Penalty Act of 2008, and a bill condemning the vandalism of the Vietnam War Memorial on the National Mall. On the Appropriations Committee, Congressman Carter introduced an amendment to the Homeland Security Appropriations Bill to provide $12 million in funding to the section 287(g) of the Immigration Nationality Act (INA) which allows Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) to delegate enforcement powers to state and local law enforcement allowing them to investigate, detain and arrest criminal aliens. However, this amendment was defeated in committee.
Also, when Democratic Speaker Nancy Pelosi and the House of Representatives recessed in August 2008 for five weeks, Congressman Carter was one of many Republicans who stayed in Washington. This was part of a GOP protest, in which they claimed that Congress should not have recessed for five weeks without addressing the energy crisis many Americans were facing. The Sunlight Foundation pointed out that as of 2008 among the 435 members of the U.S. House of Representatives, Carter had the second-highest amount of investment in oil stocks.
On June 12, 2009, Carter signed on as a co-sponsor of H.R. 1503, the bill introduced as a reaction to conspiracy theories which claimed that U.S. President Barack Obama is not a natural born U.S. citizen.
On September 15, 2009, Carter called the 111th Congress a "house of hypocrisy" after the House of Representatives voted to rebuke South Carolina Representative Joe Wilson for his outburst, but would not go after New York Representative and House Ways and Means Chair Charlie Rangel, who has been the subject of numerous ethical problems involving taxes and property. Carter is also a proponent of the "Rangel Rule," where IRS penalties and interest would be eliminated if one paid back taxes, similar to the treatment Rangel, Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner, and former South Dakota Senator (and one-time Secretary of Health and Human Services nominee) Tom Daschle received after their tax problems were made public.
Carter introduced a "Privileged Resolution" that would have forced the resignation of Rangel from his position as House Ways and Means Committee Chair after he declined to resign voluntarily  citing the inaction of the House Democratic Caucus and the ongoing investigations as reasons. The resolution failed but it was noted that two Mississippi Democrats, Gene Taylor and Travis Childers, broke party ranks and voted with Republicans.
Although a critic of the accuracy of Rangel's financial disclosures, Carter voluntarily amended his financial disclosure forms in mid-October 2009 to list nearly $300,000 in capital gains from the sale of Exxon stock in 2006 and 2007. Though Carter listed the sale of the assets, he did not list the actual amount of capital gains, on which he did pay taxes.
In February 2010, after Charlie Rangel was found to have broken House rules, Carter again demanded that Rangel step down. Rangel later stepped down, avoiding a third attempt at a privileged resolution to remove Rangel.
On May 16, 2018, Carter was named the new chairman of the Military Construction and Veterans Affairs Subcommittee on Appropriations following the retirement of Charlie Dent. He had previously served as chairman of the Homeland Security Subcommittee on Appropriations.
Carter authored six bills, including H.R. 4854, the Justice Served Act of 2018, which was signed into law on October 9, 2018 and H.R. 1133, the Veterans Transplant Coverage Act, which was signed into law as a part of the VA MISSION Act of 2018.
Carter signed on as a co-sponsor of H.R. 4760, the Securing America's Future Act of 2018 which failed to pass the House. The legislation sought to enhance enforcement of existing immigration law, including reforms to legal immigration programs, enhanced border security, and provide a legislative solution for the current beneficiaries of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program.
Carter retired from the bench in 2001 in order to run for Congress in the newly created 31st District. After finishing second in the primary, he defeated Peter Wareing in the runoff -- which was then tantamount to election in this heavily Republican district.
For his first term, Carter represented a district that stretched from the suburbs of Austin to the fringes of the Houston suburbs, and also included College Station, home of Texas A&M University. From the 2003 Texas redistricting to 2013, Carter represented a district stretching from the fringes of the Metroplex through more rural portions of Central Texas. Redistricting after the 2010 census reduced the 31st to Bell and Williamson counties. The 31st District now includes Fort Hood, home of the U.S. Army's 3d Cavalry Regiment and the 1st Cavalry Division.
In the general election held on November 8, 2016, Carter won his eighth term in Congress. With 166,060 votes (58.4 percent), he defeated the Democrat Mike Clark and the Libertarian Scott Ballard, who obtained 103,852 votes (34.5 percent) and 14,676 (5.2 percent), respectively.
In the general election held on November 6, 2018, Carter won his ninth term in Congress by his closest margin to date. He defeated the Democratic candidate, MJ Hegar, with 144,393 votes (50.6%) to her 135,843 votes (47.6%).
|2002||John Carter||Republican||69.1%||David Bagley||Democratic||27.4%|
|2004||John Carter (inc.)||Republican||64.8%||Jon Porter||Democratic||32.5%|
|2006||John Carter (inc.)||Republican||58.5%||Mary Beth Herrell||Democratic||38.8%|
|2008||John Carter (inc.)||Republican||60.3%||Brian Ruiz||Democratic||36.6%|
|2010||John Carter (inc.)||Republican||82.5%||Bill Oliver||Libertarian||17.5%|
|2012||John Carter (inc.)||Republican||61.3%||Stephen Wyman||Democratic||35%|
|2014||John Carter (inc.)||Republican||64%||Louie Minor||Democratic||32%|
|2016||John Carter (inc.)||Republican||58.4%||Mike Clark||Democratic||36.5%|
|2018||John Carter (inc.)||Republican||50.6%||Mary Jennings Hegar||Democratic||47.6%|
This section of a biography of a living person does not include any references or sources. (December 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
He has been married to Erika Carter for almost 40 years, and they have four grown children. Since 1971, he has lived in Round Rock, Texas.
|U.S. House of Representatives|
|New constituency|| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Texas's 31st congressional district
|Party political offices|
| Secretary of the House Republican Conference
|U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)|
Michael C. Burgess
| United States Representatives by seniority