John Crichton-Stuart, 6th Marquess of Bute
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John Crichton-Stuart, 6th Marquess of Bute


The Marquess of Bute

KBE FRSE FRIAS(Hon) FRSA LLD
Personal details
Born27 February 1933
Mayfair, London, England
Died21 July 1993(1993-07-21) (aged 60)
Mount Stuart House
Cause of deathCancer
Spouse(s)
Beatrice Weld-Forester
(m. 1955; div. 1977)

Jennifer Home-Rigg
(m. 1978)
ChildrenLady Sophia Bain
Lady Caroline Crichton-Stuart
John Crichton-Stuart, 7th Marquess of Bute
Lord Anthony Crichton-Stuart
ParentsJohn Crichton-Stuart, 5th Marquess of Bute
Lady Eileen Forbes
Alma materAmpleforth College
Trinity College, Cambridge

John Crichton-Stuart, 6th Marquess of Bute, KBE FRSE FRIAS(Hon) FRSA LLD (27 February 1933 - 21 July 1993) was a Scottish peer, benefactor and patron of the arts. He was largely known either as Lord Bute or simply John Bute.

Life

National Museum of Scotland in Edinburgh

John Crichton-Stuart was born in Mayfair, London, on 27 February 1933, [1] fifteen minutes before his twin brother, David. As such, he was the eldest son of John Crichton-Stuart, 5th Marquess of Bute, and Lady Eileen Forbes, the younger daughter of Bernard Forbes, 8th Earl of Granard, and Beatrice Mills Forbes, an American socialite who was the daughter of Ogden Mills.[2]

He was known as Lord Cardiff before the death of his grandfather in 1947, when he became Earl of Dumfries.[3] He attended Ampleforth College and, after national service in the Scots Guards, studied history at Trinity College, Cambridge.[2] At Cambridge he attended the Fine Art lectures of Nikolaus Pevsner.[4]

John Crichton-Stuart was a private man who eschewed publicity and grand gestures and refused to take part in the activities of the House of Lords on the grounds that "the scene" was uncongenial.[2] After his second marriage, he restored Mount Stuart House on the Isle of Bute.[3]

Crichton-Stuart inherited estates in Wales, England, and Scotland, including six castles and a highly esteemed collection of European paintings.[2] On his father's death in 1956, he inherited the title and estates. To settle death duties, he sold property in Cardiff to the city corporation and transferred Robert Adam houses on the south side of Charlotte Square, Edinburgh to the National Trust for Scotland. On the north side he transferred the central pavilion (5/6/7): 6 Charlotte Square, which he also transferred, became the official residence of the Secretary of State for Scotland and is known as Bute House due to its connection to him.[3] No 7 is open to the public as "The Georgian House, Edinburgh".

In 1982 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. His proposers were Sir Alwyn Williams, Frank Willett, Colin Thompson, R. G. W. Anderson, C. D. Waterston and Charles Kemball.[5]

From 1983 to 1988 he was Chairman of the Historic Buildings Council the forerunner to Historic Environment Scotland.

He was Lord Lieutenant of Bute and, from 1990, of Argyll and Bute.[3] As owner of Bute Fabrics, the largest employer on the Isle of Bute, Crichton-Stuart redirected the focus of the company towards designer fabrics and contemporary furniture.[2]

He held office in the National Trust for Scotland for twenty-five years, while its membership increased five-fold. From 1985, he was Chairman of the Trustees of the National Museums of Scotland, securing funding for the new west extension to the Royal Scottish Museum on Chambers Street in Edinburgh, now known as the Museum of Scotland. Despite opposition from Prince Charles, he ensured the project proceeded and saw the laying of the foundation stone in April 1993, shortly before his death.[3]

Crichton-Stuart died of cancer at Mount Stuart House on 21 July 1993.[6][7]

Family

On 19 April 1955, he married, firstly, Beatrice Nicola Grace Weld-Forester, and they divorced in 1977.[1] They had four children:

In 1978 he married, secondly, Jennifer, daughter of John Home-Rigg and former wife of Gerald Percy.[1] Jennifer, Marchioness of Bute, is a Patroness of the Royal Caledonian Ball.[9]

Appointments

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Mosley, Charles (2003), Burke's Peerage & Baronetage (107th ed.), Crans, Switzerland: Burke's Peerage, p. 2947
  2. ^ a b c d e Jones, Peter. "John Crichton_Stuart" (PDF). The Royal Society of Edinburgh. Retrieved 2012.
  3. ^ a b c d e Gavin Stamp (2004), "Stuart, John Crichton-, sixth marquess of Bute (1933-1993)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, online edn, Oct 2009, Oxford University Press, retrieved 2012
  4. ^ Independent (newspaper) obituary, 22 July 1993
  5. ^ Biographical Index of Former Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 1783-2002 (PDF). The Royal Society of Edinburgh. July 2006. ISBN 0 902 198 84 X.
  6. ^ Dalyell, Tam (1993), "Obituary: The Marquess of Bute", The Independent, retrieved 2017
  7. ^ Independent (newspaper) obituary, 22 July 1993
  8. ^ Mowat, Bill (15 February 2016). "Jimmy Bain". The Herald. Glasgow. Obituary
  9. ^ "Patronesses". Royal Caledonian Ball. Archived from the original on 14 October 2013. Retrieved 2013.

External links

Honorary titles
Preceded by
Ronald Graham
Lord Lieutenant of Buteshire
1967-1974
Office abolished
Preceded by
The Lord Maclean
Lord Lieutenant of Argyll and Bute
1990-1993
Succeeded by
The Duke of Argyll
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
John Crichton-Stuart
Marquess of Bute
1956-1993
Succeeded by
John Crichton-Stuart

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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