John Forsyth (Georgia)
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John Forsyth Georgia

John Forsyth
John Forsyth US Secretary of State.jpg
13th United States Secretary of State

July 1, 1834 - March 4, 1841
PresidentAndrew Jackson
Martin Van Buren
Louis McLane
Daniel Webster
United States Senator
from Georgia

November 9, 1829 - June 27, 1834
John M. Berrien
Alfred Cuthbert

November 23, 1818 - February 17, 1819
George Troup
Freeman Walker
33rd Governor of Georgia

November 7, 1827 - November 4, 1829
George Troup
George Gilmer
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Georgia's 2nd district

March 4, 1827 - November 7, 1827
Constituency reestablished
Richard Henry Wilde
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Georgia's at-large district

March 4, 1823 - March 3, 1827
Robert R. Reid
Districts established

March 4, 1813 - November 23, 1818
Seat established
Robert R. Reid
United States Minister to Spain

May 18, 1819 - March 2, 1823
PresidentJames Monroe
George W. Erving
Hugh Nelson
12th Attorney General of Georgia

1808-1811
GovernorJared Irwin
David Mitchell
John Hamil
Alexander Allen
Personal details
Born(1780-10-22)October 22, 1780
Fredericksburg, Virginia, U.S.
DiedOctober 21, 1841(1841-10-21) (aged 60)
Washington D.C., U.S.
Political partyDemocratic-Republican (before 1825)
Democratic (1825-1841)
EducationCollege of New Jersey (BA)
(renamed Princeton)
Signature

John Forsyth Sr. (October 22, 1780 – October 21, 1841) was a 19th-century American politician from Georgia. He represented the state in both the House of Representatives and the Senate, and also served as the 33rd Governor of Georgia. As a supporter of the policies of President Andrew Jackson, Forsyth was appointed secretary of state by Jackson in 1834, and continued in that role until 1841 during the presidency of Martin Van Buren.

Early life

Forsyth was born in Fredericksburg, Virginia. His father, Robert Forsyth, a Scottish immigrant, was the first U.S. Marshal to be killed in the line of duty in 1794.[1][2] He was an attorney who graduated from the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University) in 1799. He married Clara Meigs, daughter of Josiah Meigs, in 1801 or 1802. One of his sons, John Forsyth, Jr., later became a newspaper editor.

Political life

Forsyth served in the United States House of Representatives (1813-1818 and 1823-1827), the United States Senate (1818-1819 and 1829-1834), and as the 33rd Governor of Georgia (1827-1829). He was the United States Secretary of State from 1834 until 1841. In this role he led the government's response to the Amistad case.[3] He was a loyal follower of Andrew Jackson[4] and opposed John C. Calhoun in the issue of nullification. Forsyth was appointed as Secretary of State in reward for his efforts. He led the pro-removal reply to Theodore Frelinghuysen about the Indian Removal Act of 1830.[5][6] He supported slavery and was a slaveholder himself.[7]

Death and legacy

Forsyth died in Washington, D.C., and was buried in Congressional Cemetery. Forsyth County, Georgia,[8] Forsyth, Georgia,[9] and Forsyth Park[10] in Savannah are named for him.[11] He died the day before his 61st birthday.

In popular culture

Notes

  1. ^ Brown, Russell K. (Fall 2008). "Killed in the Line of Duty: Marshal Robert Harriss, Jr., of Summerville, Georgia". Georgia Historical Quarterly. 92 (3). Retrieved 2016.
  2. ^ Whitmire, Kelly (January 25, 2019). "What's in a name? Historian talks about where road, area names originated in Cumming, Forsyth County". Forsyth News. Retrieved 2019.
  3. ^ Unger, Harlow G. (2012). John Quincy Adams. Boston: Da Capo Press. p. 292. ISBN 9780306822650. Retrieved 2016.
  4. ^ Howe, Daniel Walker (2007). What Hath God Wrought : The Transformation of America, 1815-1848. Oxford University Press: New York. p. 346. ISBN 9780195078947. Retrieved 2016.
  5. ^ Cheathem, Mark Renfred (2014). Andrew Jackson, Southerner. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press. p. 154. ISBN 978-0807150986.
  6. ^ Morris, Michael (Winter 2007). "Georgia and the Conversation over Indian Removal". Georgia Historical Quarterly. 91 (4). Retrieved 2016.
  7. ^ Finkelman, Paul; Kennon, Donald R. (2010). In the shadow of freedom : the politics of slavery in the national capital. Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Press. p. 27. ISBN 978-0821419342.
  8. ^ "Forsyth County historical marker". Digital Library of Georgia. Retrieved 2016.
  9. ^ "Forsyth historical marker". Digital Library of Georgia. Retrieved 2016.
  10. ^ "Forsyth Park historical marker". Digital Library of Georgia. Retrieved 2016.
  11. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 128.
  12. ^ "Amistad (1997)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 2018.

References

External links

Legal offices
Preceded by
John Hamil
Attorney General of Georgia
1808-1811
Succeeded by
Alexander Allen
U.S. House of Representatives
New seat Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Georgia's at-large congressional district

1813-1818
Succeeded by
Preceded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Georgia's at-large congressional district

1823-1827
Districts established
Preceded by Chair of the House Foreign Affairs Committee
1823-1827
Succeeded by
Constituency reestablished Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Georgia's 2nd congressional district

1827
Succeeded by
U.S. Senate
Preceded by U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Georgia
1818-1819
Served alongside: Charles Tait
Succeeded by
Preceded by U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Georgia
1829-1834
Served alongside: George Troup, John King
Succeeded by
Preceded by Chair of the Senate Commerce Committee
1831-1832
Succeeded by
Preceded by Chair of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee
1832-1833
Succeeded by
Preceded by Chair of the Senate Finance Committee
1832-1833
Succeeded by
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by United States Minister to Spain
1819-1823
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by Governor of Georgia
1827-1829
Succeeded by
Preceded by United States Secretary of State
1834-1841
Succeeded by

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

John_Forsyth_(Georgia)
 



 



 
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