John Neville, 3rd Baron Neville De Raby
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John Neville, 3rd Baron Neville De Raby

John Neville, 3rd Baron Neville
Sir John Neville, 3rd Baron Neville de Raby, KG.png
Arms of Sir John Neville, 3rd Baron Neville de Raby, KG.
Bornc.1337
Died17 October 1388
Newcastle upon Tyne
Noble familyNeville
Spouse(s)Maud Percy
Elizabeth Latimer
Issue
Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland
Alice Neville
Maud Neville
Idoine Neville
Eleanor Neville
Elizabeth Neville
John Neville, 6th Baron Latimer
Elizabeth Neville
FatherRalph Neville, 2nd Baron Neville
MotherAlice Audley
Raby Castle, seat of the Neville family.
The vandalised and partially-reconstructed tomb of John Neville and his first wife, Maud, between two pillars in the south transept of Durham Cathedral, in the former Neville Chantry.

John Neville, 3rd Baron Neville, (c.1337 - 17 October 1388) was an English peer and soldier.[a][1]

Origins

He was born between 1337 and 1340 at Raby Castle, County Durham, the eldest son of Ralph Neville, 2nd Baron Neville de Raby by his wife Alice Audley, a daughter of Hugh de Audley of Stratton Audley in Oxfordshire and sister of Hugh de Audley, 1st Earl of Gloucester, 1st Baron Audley (c.1291-1347) of Stratton Audley. He had five brothers, including Alexander Neville, Archbishop of York, and four sisters.[2]

Career

Cokayne notes that Neville's public career was as active as his father's had been. He fought against the Scots at the Battle of Neville's Cross on 17 October 1346 as a captain under his father, was knighted about 1360 after a skirmish near Paris while serving under Sir Walter Manny, and fought in Aquitaine in 1366, and again in 1373-4.

At his father's death on 5 August 1367, he succeeded to the title, and had livery of his lands in England and Scotland in October of that year.

From 1367, on he had numerous commissions issued to him, and in 1368 served as joint ambassador to France.[3] He was made a Knight of the Garter in 1369.[4] In July 1370, he was appointed Admiral of the North, and in November of that year a joint commissioner to treat with Genoa. He was Steward of the King's Household in 1372, and in July of that year was part of an expedition to Brittany. For the next several years he served in Scotland and the Scottish Marches. In 1378 he had licence to fortify Raby Castle, and in June of the same year was in Gascony, where he was appointed Keeper of Fronsac Castle and Lieutenant of Gascony. He spent several years in Gascony, and was among the forces which raised the siege of Mortaigne in 1381. On his return to England, he was again appointed Warden of the Marches. In May 1383 and March 1387, he was a joint commissioner to treat of peace with Scotland, and in July 1385 was to accompany the King to Scotland.[5]

Neville died at Newcastle upon Tyne on 17 October 1388. In his will he requested burial in Durham Cathedral by his first wife, Maud. He was succeeded by his eldest son, Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland.[6]

Marriages and issue

Neville married twice:

Arms of Percy: Or, a lion rampant azure
Arms of Latimer: Gules, a cross patonce or

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography uses a different numbering system and numbers him the 5th Baron Neville and his father the 4th etc.(Tuck 2008).
  1. ^ Shaw, Wm. A. (1971). The Knights of England: A Complete Record from the Earliest Time to the Present Day of the Knights of All the Orders of Chivalry in England, Scotland, and Ireland, and of the Knights Bachelors. 1. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company. p. 4. OCLC 247620448.
  2. ^ Cokayne 1936, p. 502; Richardson III 2011, pp. 242-4.
  3. ^ Cokayne 1936, p. 502; Richardson III 2011, pp. 244.
  4. ^ Shaw & Burtchaell 1906, p. 4.
  5. ^ Cokayne 1936, p. 503; Richardson III 2011, pp. 244.
  6. ^ Cokayne 1936, p. 503; Richardson III 2011, pp. 244-6.
  7. ^ Cokayne 1936, p. 503; Richardson III 2011, pp. 244-6.
  8. ^ Cokayne 1936, p. 503; Richardson III 2011, p. 244; Richardson IV 2011, p. 333.
  9. ^ Cokayne 1936, p. 503; Richardson III 2011, pp. 242-6.
  10. ^ Richardson IV 2011, pp. 400-1.
  11. ^ Richardson I 2011, pp. 333-4.

External links

References

  • Cokayne, George Edward (1936). The Complete Peerage, edited by H.A Doubleday and Lord Howard de Walden. IX. London: St. Catherine Press.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Richardson, Douglas (2011). Everingham, Kimball G. (ed.). Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families. I (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 1449966373.
  • Richardson, Douglas (2011). Everingham, Kimball G. (ed.). Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families. III (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 144996639X.
  • Richardson, Douglas (2011). Everingham, Kimball G. (ed.). Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families. IV (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 1460992709.
  • Shaw, William Arthur; Burtchaell, George Dames (1906). Knights of England. A complete record ... I. London: Sherratt and Hughes. p. 4.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Tuck, Anthony (January 2008) [2004]. "Neville, John, fifth Baron Neville (c.1330-1388)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/19945.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.) The first edition of this text is available at Wikisource: Lee, Sidney, ed. (1894). "Neville, John de" . Dictionary of National Biography. 40. London: Smith, Elder & Co.

Further reading


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