Jones County, Texas
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Jones County, Texas
Jones County
Jones County Courthouse in Anson, Texas
Jones County Courthouse in Anson, Texas
Map of Texas highlighting Jones County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 32°44?N 99°53?W / 32.74°N 99.88°W / 32.74; -99.88
Country
State Texas
Founded1881
Named forAnson Jones
SeatAnson
Largest cityStamford
Area
 o Total937.1 sq mi (2,427 km2)
 o Land928.6 sq mi (2,405 km2)
 o Water8.6 sq mi (22 km2)  0.9%%
Population
 o Total20,202
 o Density22/sq mi (8/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central)
 o Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
Congressional district19th
Websitewww.co.jones.tx.us

Jones County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 20,202.[1] Its county seat is Anson.[2] The county was created in 1858 and organized in 1881.[3] Both the county and its county seat are named for Anson Jones, the fifth president of the Republic of Texas.[4]

Jones County is included in the Abilene, Texas, metropolitan statistical area.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 937 square miles (2,430 km2), of which 929 square miles (2,410 km2) are land and 8.6 square miles (22 km2) (0.9%) are covered by water.[5]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

As of the census[9] of 2000, 20,785 people, 6,140 households, and 4,525 families resided in the county. The population density was 22 people per square mile (9/km2). The 7,236 housing units averaged 8 per mi2 (3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 78.80% White, 11.51% Black or African American, 0.49% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 7.47% from other races, and 1.27% from two or more races. About 20.9% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 6,140 households, 33.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.60% were married couples living together, 10.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.30% were not families. About 24.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the county, theage distribution was 22.50% under 18, 11.10% from 18 to 24, 31.50% from 25 to 44, 21.00% from 45 to 64, and 14.00% who were 65 or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 150.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 159.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,572, and for a family was $35,391. Males had a median income of $26,892 versus $17,829 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,656. About 13.10% of families and 16.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.70% of those under age 18 and 16.60% of those age 65 or over.

Government and infrastructure

The Texas Department of Criminal Justice (TDCJ) operates the Robertson Unit prison, located 10 miles from downtown.[10] The state Middleton Unit transfer unit is located partially in Abilene and also in Jones County.[11][12]

Since 2007 Republican Susan King has represented Jones, Nolan, and Taylor Counties in the state house.[13]

Politics

Until 2000,[] Jones County presidential politics were dominated by white conservative members of the Democratic Party, with a political history typical of the Solid South. Racial minorities had been largely disenfranchised from the turn of the 20th century, well into the late 1960s, by laws that discriminated against them and made voter registration and voting more difficult.[] Such laws included those allowing the Democratic Party to have white primaries; this practice ended with the US Supreme Court case known as Smith v. Allwright (1944), which declared the practice racially discriminatory and unconstitutional.[14][15]

The majority of voters in the county, who were generally white conservative Democrats, supported Republican presidential candidates only five times from 1912 to 1996. Through the late 20th century, white conservatives shifted into the Republican Party, while minority ethnic groups largely aligned with the Democratic Party, which had supposedly supported their campaigns for civil rights. Some Republican candidates also began to win local and state offices.

Since 2000, the majority of voters selected Republican presidential candidates, with the margin of victory for the party's candidates increasing in each election.

Presidential election results
Presidential election results[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 80.9% 4,819 15.7% 936 3.4% 205
2012 76.6% 4,262 22.0% 1,226 1.4% 79
2008 72.4% 4,203 26.3% 1,528 1.3% 77
2004 71.7% 4,254 28.0% 1,658 0.3% 19
2000 67.5% 4,080 31.4% 1,899 1.1% 69
1996 43.5% 2,351 44.8% 2,422 11.8% 637
1992 35.2% 2,088 40.5% 2,400 24.3% 1,444
1988 50.7% 3,000 49.0% 2,898 0.3% 18
1984 62.9% 4,017 36.7% 2,343 0.4% 23
1980 47.1% 2,765 51.8% 3,043 1.1% 66
1976 38.3% 2,072 61.3% 3,318 0.5% 26
1972 75.1% 3,202 24.6% 1,050 0.3% 11
1968 33.7% 1,676 47.6% 2,372 18.7% 931
1964 26.3% 1,295 73.6% 3,622 0.1% 3
1960 44.0% 2,196 55.6% 2,772 0.4% 18
1956 44.3% 2,073 55.5% 2,594 0.2% 10
1952 52.2% 2,941 47.6% 2,680 0.2% 12
1948 10.3% 432 86.2% 3,599 3.5% 146
1944 8.8% 361 83.0% 3,417 8.2% 339
1940 9.8% 401 90.1% 3,688 0.1% 5
1936 8.2% 305 91.7% 3,396 0.1% 2
1932 7.0% 224 92.0% 2,934 0.9% 30
1928 56.0% 1,995 43.8% 1,563 0.2% 8
1924 15.4% 566 81.9% 3,010 2.8% 101
1920 11.8% 270 78.5% 1,792 9.6% 220
1916 5.3% 114 84.2% 1,798 10.5% 224
1912 3.9% 63 80.4% 1,301 15.8% 255

Communities

Cities

Unincorporated communities

Notable residents

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 18, 2011. Retrieved 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved .
  3. ^ "Texas: Individual County Chronologies". Texas Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2008. Retrieved 2015.
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 170.
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved 2015.
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015.
  8. ^ "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850-2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved 2015.
  9. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved .
  10. ^ "Robertson Unit Archived 2010-07-25 at the Wayback Machine." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on July 23, 2010.
  11. ^ "Super Neighborhood Areas Archived 2011-06-09 at the Wayback Machine." (Direct map link Archived 2011-06-09 at the Wayback Machine) City of Abilene. Retrieved on July 23, 2010.
  12. ^ "Middleton Unit Archived 2010-07-25 at the Wayback Machine." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on July 23, 2010.
  13. ^ "Susan King". Texas Legislative Reference Library. Retrieved 2014.
  14. ^ "White Primary", American Radio Works
  15. ^ Williams, Patrick G. "Suffrage Restriction in Post-Reconstruction Texas: Urban Politics and the Specter of the Commune." The Journal of Southern History, vol. 68, no. 1, 2002, pp. 31-64. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/3069690. Accessed 6 Sept. 2020
  16. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018.

External links

Coordinates: 32°44?N 99°53?W / 32.74°N 99.88°W / 32.74; -99.88


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Jones_County,_Texas
 



 



 
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