Joshua G. Clarke
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Joshua G. Clarke

Joshua G. Clarke (c.1780-1828) was one of the first justices on the Supreme Court of Mississippi.

Born c. 1780 in Maryland,[1]:1 and raised in Pennsylvania,[2] Clarke was a member of the territorial legislature and of the constitutional convention as the representative of Claiborne county.[2]

Clarke served on the Supreme Court of Mississippi from its first session in June 1818 until 1821.[1]:2 Among other rulings, Clarke judged that killing a slave was murder because slaves were "reasonable creatures", and voted that slaves became freedmen by having lived in the Northwest Territory under the Ordinance of 1787.[1]:1[3]

His home, Claremont (Port Gibson, Mississippi), built by him in 1826, is listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places.

References

  1. ^ a b c J. Cavitt Clarke III (May 2013). "The Life of Joshua G. Clarke: Mississippi's First Chancellor" (PDF). Journal of the Florida Conference of Historians. 20: 1-10.
  2. ^ a b Thomas H. Somorville, "A Sketch of the Supreme Court of Mississippi", in Horace W. Fuller, ed.,The Green Bag, Vol. XI (1899), p. 505.
  3. ^ Andrew T. Fede (May 2013). "Judging Against the Grain? Reading Mississippi Supreme Court Judge Joshua G. Clarke's Views on Slavery Law in Context" (PDF). Journal of the Florida Conference of Historians. 20: 11-30.



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