Juche Tower
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Juche Tower
Juche Tower
Tower of Juche Idea, Pyongyang, North Korea (2909246855).jpg
Juche Tower at night
Juche Tower is located in Pyongyang
Juche Tower
Location in Pyongyang
LocationPyongyang, North Korea
DesignerKim Jong-il
MaterialGranite and white stone
Height170 metres (560 ft)
Completion date1982 (1982)
Dedicated toJuche ideology
Juche Tower
Chos?n'g?l
Hancha
Revised RomanizationJuche Sasangtap
McCune-ReischauerChuch'e Sasangt'ap

The Juche Tower (more formally, Tower of the Juche Ideology) is a monument in Pyongyang, the capital of North Korea, named after the ideology of Juche introduced by the country's first leader, Kim Il-sung.

Background

The Juche Tower is situated on the east bank of the River Taedong, directly opposite Kim Il-sung Square on the west bank. It was built to commemorate Kim Il-sung's 70th birthday. Although his son and successor Kim Jong-il is officially credited as its designer,[1] interviews with former North Korean officials contradict this assertion.[2]

The architectural style of the Tower is inspired by stone pagodas of premodern Korea.[3] The 170-metre (560 ft) structure is a four-sided tapering 150-metre (490 ft) spire – the tallest in granite – containing 25,550 blocks (365 × 70: one for each day of Kim Il-sung's life, excluding supplementary days for leap years),[4] dressed in white stone with seventy dividers and capped with a 20-metre (66 ft)-high 45-ton illuminated metal torch.

The torch on top of the tower is always lit.[5] It is possible to ascend the tower by elevator and there are wide views over Pyongyang from the viewing platform just below the torch.

At its base, there are reception rooms where videos explaining the tower's ideological importance are sometimes shown. It is presumed to be modelled on the Washington Monument, which it surpasses in height by less than a meter.[6] The Juche Tower is the second tallest monumental column in the world after the San Jacinto Monument, which is 2.9 metres (9.5 ft) taller.

Associated with the tower is a 30-metre (98 ft)-high statue consisting of three idealised figures each holding a tool – a hammer (the worker); a sickle (the peasant); and a writing brush (the "working intellectual") – in a classic Stalinistic-style reminiscent of the Soviet statue Worker and Kolkhoz Woman. The three tools form the insignia on the flag of the ruling Workers' Party of Korea. There are also six smaller groups of figures, each 10 metres (33 ft) high, that symbolize other aspects of Juche ideology.

A wall carrying 82 friendship plaques from foreign supporters and Juche study groups forms part of the Tower.[7]

Gallery

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Coonan, Clifford (21 October 2006). "Kim Jong Il, the tyrant with a passion for wine, women and the bomb". The Independent. Retrieved 2008.
  2. ^ Martin, Bradly K. (2004). Under The Loving Care of The Fatherly Leader. Macmillan. p. 626. ISBN 0-312-32221-6.
  3. ^ Harris, Mark Edward (2012). Inside North Korea. Chronicle Books. p. 24. ISBN 978-1-4521-1363-0.
  4. ^ http://www.lonelyplanet.com/north-korea/pyongyang/sights/landmarks-monuments/tower-juche-idea
  5. ^ Toimela, Markku; Aalto, Kaj (2017). Salakahvilla Pohjois-Koreassa : Markku Toimelan jännittävä tie Pohjois-Korean luottomieheksi (in Finnish). Jyväskylä: Docendo. p. 194. ISBN 978-952-291-369-2.
  6. ^ McCormack, Gavan (2004). Target North Korea: Pushing North Korea to the Brink of Nuclear Catastrophe. Nation Books. p. 59. ISBN 1-560-25557-9.
  7. ^ "Juche Tower". Visit North Korea. Retrieved 2019.

External links

Coordinates: 39°1?3.52?N 125°45?48.05?E / 39.0176444°N 125.7633472°E / 39.0176444; 125.7633472


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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