Judiciary of Poland
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Judiciary of Poland
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politics and government of

European Union EU Member State

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Judiciary of Poland is a responsibility, as defined by the constitution of Poland, of a four-tier court system: the Supreme Court of Poland, the common courts, administrative courts (including the Supreme Administrative Court of Poland) and military courts. Therefore, tribunals (such as the Constitutional Tribunal and State Tribunal) are, in a strict definition, not part of Polish judiciary, but in a broad definition, they are included in it.

The common courts, divided into appellate courts, district courts and regional courts, have the competency in criminal, civil, economic, labor and family law.

Court judges in Poland are nominated by the Krajowa Rada S?downictwa (National Council of the Judiciary) and are appointed for life by the president of Poland.

Prosecution in Poland is formed by the Public Prosecutor General, the National Public Prosecutor's Office, regional, district and appellate prosecutions, and the prosecutors of the Institute of National Remembrance.

Reforms of late 2010s

A series of late 2010s reforms to the Polish judiciary have proven controversial.[1][2][3][4][5][6]

See also


  1. ^ "L'Europe déclenche une procédure sans précédent contre le gouvernement polonais". LeMonde.fr. 20 December 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  2. ^ "Poland Overhauls Judiciary, Escalating Clash With E.U." nytimes.com. 20 December 2017.
  3. ^ "Poland cries foul as EU triggers 'nuclear option' over judicial independence". theguardian.com. 20 December 2017.
  4. ^ "Poland lower house approves controversial judges law". BBC News. Retrieved .
  5. ^ "Poland's government steps up fight with judiciary | Financial Times". ft.com. Retrieved .
  6. ^ "Poland could be forced to leave EU by its judicial reforms, top court says". Euronews. Retrieved .

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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