Judy Hoback Miller
May 10, 1937
|James Hoback (19-1970; his death)|
Grover Miller (1984-present)
Judith Hoback Miller (born May 10, 1937) was an investigative source in the Watergate scandal in 1972 during the presidency of Richard Nixon. She served as the bookkeeper for the Committee for the Re-Election of the President.
Miller was born in Pennsylvania, the daughter of Lois (née Litchfield; 1899-1955) and Charles Luther Graham (1895-1951). Her father was an athletic coach at West Chester University with its swimming pool named in his honor. He had served in World War I and is buried at Arlington National Cemetery with her mother. She has two brothers, Ross Graham and David Graham (d. 2013).
Miller was married and had a daughter Kelly with her first husband James Hoback (1938-1970), who died of a heart attack. In 1984 she married Grover Miller, owner of the firm "H & M Marketing" for which she worked as the accountant. Miller is retired and lives in Florida with her second husband. Her daughter is a teacher.
Miller (then Hoback) was working as the bookkeeper for Richard Nixon's re-election campaign in 1972 when Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein contacted her for information. Woodward has stated that she was just as important as Deep Throat for unveiling the Watergate Scandal, because she had knowledge about where money was going and who it was coming from.
Hoback was one of the few people who would talk freely with Woodward and Bernstein, allowing them to come to her home, although she has stated she was "pretty nervous and scared" and was also "frustrated that the truth wasn't coming out". She had already notified the FBI and felt they were not handling the investigation properly. She revealed to Woodward and Bernstein that evidence of financial misconduct had been destroyed, and some of the committee members including G. Gordon Liddy and Jeb Stuart Magruder were receiving payouts from a secret fund. This information advanced the investigation that lead to Richard Nixon's resignation from the office of President of the United States.
In the 1976 film All the President's Men, actress Jane Alexander portrayed Judy Hoback, who is referred to as "The Bookkeeper" in the screenplay. Alexander met with Hoback to prepare for the role, and the production rented Hoback's former home for her character's scenes. Some historians[who?] have criticized the film for downplaying the importance of Hoback's role in the scandal. Jane Alexander was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for her performance.