Kalonzo Musyoka
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Kalonzo Musyoka

Hon. Kalonzo Musyoka

Kalonzo Musyoka1.jpg
10th Vice President of the Republic of Kenya (2008 - 2013), Wiper Democratic Movement- Kenya Party Leader, NASA Coalition Co-Principal, Patriotic Kenyan.
Vice-President of Kenya

9 January 2008 - 9 April 2013
PresidentMwai Kibaki
Raila Odinga
Moody Awori
William Ruto
as Deputy President
Minister for Home Affairs

9 January 2008 - 9 April 2013
PresidentMwai Kibaki
Minister of Environment and Natural Resources

23 August 2004 - 7 September 2005
PresidentMwai Kibaki
Kivutha Kibwana
Minister of Foreign Affairs

1 January 2003 - 14 August 2004
PresidentMwai Kibaki
Marsden Madoka
Chirau Ali Mwakwere
Minister of Tourism and Information

6 February 2001 - 30 November 2002
PresidentDaniel Arap Moi
Nicholas Biwott
Raphael Tuju
Minister of Education and Human Resource Development

6 October 1998 - 6 March 2001
PresidentDaniel Arap Moi
Joseph Kamotho
Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Relations

8 June 1993 - 1 July 1998
PresidentDaniel arap Moi
Wilson Ndolo Ayah
Bonaya Godana
Deputy Speaker of the National Assembly

7 January 1988 - 7 January 1992
PresidentDaniel arap Moi
KANU National Organising Secretary

1 February 1988 - 20 July 2004
PresidentDaniel Toroitich arap Moi
Assistant Minister for Works, Housing and Physical Planning

5 May 1986 - 1 January 1988
PresidentDaniel Toroitich arap Moi
Member of the Kenyan Parliament

6 July 1985 - 9 June 2013
Philip Manandu
John Munuve
ConstituencyKitui North (1985-1997)
Mwingi North (1997-2013)
Personal details
Stephen Kalonzo Musyoka

(1953-12-24) 24 December 1953 (age 67)
Tseikuru, Kenya
Political partyWDM
Spouse(s)Pauline Musyoka
ResidenceKaren, Kenya
Alma materUniversity of Nairobi (LL.B)
Kenya School of Law (PgDL)
Mediterranean Institute of Management (PgDBM)
PositionsPatron, K. Musyoka Foundation
Chief Commissioner, KSA

Stephen Kalonzo Musyoka (born 24 December 1953) is a Kenyan politician who was the tenth Vice-President of Kenya from 2008 to 2013. Musyoka served in the government under President Daniel arap Moi and was Minister for Foreign Affairs from 1993 until 1998; subsequently, under President Mwai Kibaki, he was Minister of Foreign Affairs again from 2003 to 2004, then Minister of the Environment from 2004 to 2005.[1] He was an unsuccessful candidate in the 2007 presidential election, after which he was appointed as Vice-President by Kibaki in January 2008.

Musyoka is the party leader of the Wiper Democratic Movement (formerly Orange Democratic Movement-Kenya). He also serves as Chief Commissioner for The Kenya Scouts Association.[2]

Early life and education

He was born in Tseikuru, in a remote part of Mwingi District (then part of Kitui District) in Kenya's Eastern Province. Between 1960 and 1967 he studied at Tseikuru Full Primary School to attain basic education. Then he went to Kitui High School in Kitui for the ordinary level and eventually to Meru School in Meru from where he graduated in the advanced level in 1973. Kalonzo Musyoka graduated with a Bachelor of Law degree from the University of Nairobi in 1977. He continued further studies at the Kenya School of Law in 1978 where he was awarded a Post graduate diploma in Law. In 1979, he attended the Mediterranean Institute of Management in Cyprus where he earned a post graduate Diploma in Business.[3]

In 2009, he was awarded an honorary doctorate in divinity among other 17 beneficiaries at the Charter hall in Nairobi. This was one the "honorary professorships and doctorate degrees" that were issued by Professor Clyde Rivers, the International Commissioner of the Latin University of Theology, based in Inglewood, California.[4]
On 19 December 2008, Kalonzo Musyoka was honoured with a Doctorate in Humane Letters (honoris causa) in recognition of his achievements in peace making, conflict resolution efforts, sustainable community development and humanistic ideals by Kenyatta University during its 25th graduation.[5] Named African Dignitary Man of the year 2016[6]


Musyoka vied for the Kitui North Constituency parliamentary seat in 1983, but was defeated. At the time, Kenya was one-party state and the only party fielding candidates was Kenya African National Union (KANU). However, only two years later, in 1985 the Kitui North seat was vacated and Musyoka won subsequent by-elections, thus becoming an MP at the age of 32. In 1986 he was appointed Assistant Minister for Works, Housing and Physical Planning, serving until 1988. He was re-elected at the 1988 parliamentary elections and served as Deputy Speaker of the National assembly from 1988[7] to 1992. He was also KANU's National Organizing Secretary from 1988 to 2002.

1992-1997 Kenyan Parliament

Kenya's first multiparty elections were held in 1992. Musyoka stayed in KANU, renewed his parliamentary position and was appointed Minister for Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation. He also held couple of other ministerial positions while part of the KANU government. In June 1993, he addressed the World Conference on Human Rights in Austria which was the first human rights conference held since the end of the Cold War. He termed the illicit mineral trade which fuels and finances what he called 'the cause of incessant conflicts, environmental degradation but ultimately and sadly too, poverty'.[8] The Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action was the major result from this meeting after the participants reached a consensus.[9]

1997-2002 Kenyan Parliament

He was again elected to the parliament at the 1997 elections, but now from Mwingi North Constituency, since his former constituency Kitui North was split into new constituencies.[10]

2002-2007 Kenyan Parliament

In the months leading up to the 2002 general election, under the leadership of then KANU secretary general, Raila Odinga, he decamped from KANU to join the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) as a founding member under the banner of the National Rainbow Coalition, which went on to win the general elections.

On 1 December 2003, as the Minister for home affairs and international co-operation for Kenya, he welcomed the people to this meeting, whose theme was Strengthening the role of IGAD in regional peace initiatives and post conflict reconstruction on behalf of the republic of Kenya and thanked the Danish government, IGAD Secretariat and the ISS on behalf of the[11]IGAD Member States for their preparations and funding of the meeting. Kalonzo Musyoka was involved in the Sudan peace process between 1993 and 1997 and he was part of the team that reconstituted the draft establishing IGAD in 1995.

Musyoka became Minister for Foreign Affairs for a second time under President Mwai Kibaki, but in a cabinet reshuffle on 30 June 2004 he was moved to the post of Minister for the Environment. In late August 2004, he was additionally removed from his position as chairman of the Sudanese and Somali peace talks and was replaced by John Koech.[12] Musyoka was reportedly unhappy with President Kibaki's refusal to honour a pre-election Memorandum of understanding (MOU) which they had signed with the president's party NAK. He was one of the leaders of the successful "No"-campaign in the November 2005 referendum on the proposed new constitution. Following the referendum, he was dismissed from the Cabinet.[13]

Subsequently, Kalonzo Musyoka decamped Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) into the little-known Labor Party of Kenya.[14]

Kalonzo Musyoka was widely expected to vie for the presidency in the December 2007 election. Musyoka campaigned for the ODM-Kenya ticket, facing a number of other contenders. His rating for December 2007 election steadily dropped, and political analysts wondered whether he would make a significant impact. His relationship with fellow ODM-Kenya leader Raila Odinga, who was also after the ODM-Kenya presidential ticket, was the subject of much speculation. Many observers questioned whether the presidential hopefuls of ODM-Kenya, particularly Raila and Musyoka, could unite to support one common candidate for the general election.

The ODM-Kenya split into two factions, one gathered around Musyoka and the other around Odinga, in August 2007. Musyoka was elected by his faction as its presidential candidate on 31 August 2007,[15][16] receiving 2,835 votes in a secret ballot against Julia Ojiambo, who received 791 votes.[16]

Musyoka has been quoted as saying "... the war against poverty could not be won unless environmental issues were addressed."[17]

Musyoka launched his presidential campaign at Uhuru Park in Nairobi on 14 October 2007. This move was criticised by those who saw him as a traitor to the ODM party of Raila Odinga. Kalonzo however said that "atapitia katikati" (passing between two people).

After 2007

Musyoka greeting people in Mombasa

According to official results, Musyoka placed a distant third behind Kibaki and Odinga with 9% of the vote.[18] Amid a violent crisis over the results, with supporters of Kibaki and Odinga disputing the outcome, Kibaki appointed Musyoka as Vice-President and Minister of Home Affairs on 8 January 2008.[19] Musyoka expressed gratitude to Kibaki and, referring to the ongoing dispute and violence, said that he was "intensely aware that the appointment has come at a difficult time when our nation is going through a painful moment".[13] He took office as Vice-President on 9 January.[20]

Vice President Kalonzo Musyoka meeting the British Foreign Secretary William Hague in London, 29 August 2012

The political crisis eventually led to the signing of a power-sharing agreement between Kibaki and Odinga. In the Grand Coalition Cabinet that was announced on 13 April 2008, Musyoka remained Vice-President and Minister of Home Affairs.[21][22]

In 2010 Musyoka supported the draft constitution in the campaign for 4 August referendum but Members of the campaign team opposing the draft constitution claimed that he was secretly opposing the draft leading to a satirical comparison of Musyoka to a watermelon which is naturally green outside and red inside, the team supporting the draft constitution was represented by color green while the team opposing the draft constitution was represented by the color red hence the "green team" and the "red team", Musyoka's nickname watermelon was because of his alleged open support for the green team and secret support for the red team.[23] Most of the opposition of the draft constitution were the clergy.

2013 Elections

In the race for the 4th president of Kenya, Kalonzo Musyoka joined his longtime political opponent Raila Odinga to form the Coalition for Reforms and Democracy (CORD) with Musyoka shelving his presidential ambition to run as Odinga's running mate.[24][25]

When the first round of the presidential election took place on 4 March 2013, Uhuru Kenyatta was declared the president-elect of Kenya by the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission. Raila Odinga challenged this in the Supreme Court of Kenya. Questions were raised why Musyoka was not a petitioner in the case.

After the Supreme Court dismissed the CORD Petition, he left office when the President-elect, Uhuru Kenyatta, was sworn in.

2017 Elections

Other responsibilities

Dr Kalonzo Musyoka has, since 10 June 2013, served as the University Chancellor of the Uganda Technology and Management University (UTAMU), a privately owned university in Uganda, based in Kampala, that country's capital and largest city.[26]

In July 2019, Dr Kalonzo Musyoka was appointed by President Uhuru Kenyatta as a special envoy to the republic of South Sudan.[27] In February 2020, he was able to broker a peace deal in South Sudan between President Salva Kiir and former rebel leader Riek Machar.[28] The deal saw the two form a unity government.[29]

Personal life

Kalonzo Musyoka is married to Pauline. They have four children. He was baptised by Pastor Masila Munyoki.[3] He is the patron of the Kalonzo Musyoka Foundation and he has served since 2006.[30]


  1. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 September 2006. Retrieved 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ Vice President Pres Service. "Kalonzo hails scouts for supporting tourism". Standard Group Limited. Retrieved 2012.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ a b Daily Nation Profile of Kalonzo Musyoka Archived 17 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ SAMUEL, OTIENO; JIBRIL ADAN. "US varsity floods Kenya with PhDs". Retrieved 2012.
  5. ^ "KU Honours Eminent Persons" (PDF). Office of the Vice-Chancellor, Kenyatta University. Retrieved 2012.
  6. ^ Kajilwa, Graham. "Wiper party celebrates Kalonzo Musyoka's prize". The Standard. Retrieved 2018.
  7. ^ "Office of the Vice President". Retrieved 2012.
  8. ^ Deborah Eade and Morna Macleod. "Women and armed conflict: from victims to activists". State of the World's Minorities and Indigenous Peoples 2011. Archived from the original on 10 January 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  9. ^ Norchi, Charles (2004). "Human Rights: A Global Common Interest". In Krasno, Jean E. (ed.). The United Nations: Confronting the Challenges of a Global Society. Lynne Rienner Publishers. p. 87. ISBN 1588262804.
  10. ^ Center for Multiparty Democracy: Politics and Parliamentarians in Kenya 1944-2007 Archived 28 October 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ "STRENGTHENING THE ROLE OF IGAD IN REGIONAL PEACE INITIATIVES AND POST CONFLICT RECONSTRUCTION". Institute of Security Studies. Archived from the original on 12 October 2006. Retrieved 2012.
  12. ^ "Kenyan Kalonzo removed from Somali and Soudanese peace talks role", The Nation (sudantribune.com), 27 August 2004.
  13. ^ a b Patrick Nzioka, "Kenya: Kalonzo Miracle Taking Shape", The Nation (allAfrica.com), 9 January 2008.
  14. ^ AMADALA, BENSON. "Kenya: Rivals Now Plan to Register New ODM". All Africa News. Retrieved 2014.
  15. ^ Malcolm Webb, "Kenya's Opposition Chooses Presidential Candidate", VOA News, 31 August 2007.
  16. ^ a b Eric Shimoli and Dave Opiyo, "Kenya: Kalonzo Picked to Hoist ODM-K Flag", The Nation (allAfrica.com), 1 September 2007.
  17. ^ "Youtube".
  18. ^ Page on 2007 results Archived 5 April 2008 at the Wayback Machine at Office of the Government Spokesman.
  19. ^ "Kenya: Kibaki Names Cabinet", The East African Standard (allAfrica.com), 8 January 2008.
  20. ^ Mutinda Mwanzia, "Kenya: Awori Hands Over to Kalonzo", The East African Standard (allAfrica.com), 10 January 2008.
  21. ^ "Kenya unveils coalition cabinet", BBC News, 13 April 2008.
  22. ^ Anthony Kariuki, "Kibaki names Raila PM in new Cabinet"[permanent dead link], nationmedia.com, 13 April 2008.
  23. ^ Kikechi, Biketi. "'No' strategy rattles 'Yes'". Retrieved 2014.
  24. ^ Mosoku, Geoffrey. "Raila, Kalonzo seal deal as Mudavadi joins Uhuru, Ruto". Standard Media Group. Retrieved 2014.
  25. ^ NAMUNANE, BERNARD. "Raila and Kalonzo finally sign deal". Daily Nation. Retrieved 2014.
  26. ^ Nabatanzi, Sauda (26 July 2017). "Kalonzo Musyoka's tenure as UTAMU chancellor extended". New Vision. Kampala. Retrieved 2018.
  27. ^ "Uhuru appoints Kalonzo Musyoka Special Envoy to South Sudan". Citizentv.co.ke. Retrieved 2020.
  28. ^ "Peace talks: South Sudan commends Kalonzo". Daily Nation. Retrieved 2020.
  29. ^ "New impasse hits South Sudan peace talks". BBC News. 16 February 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  30. ^ "About us - Kalonzo Musyoka Foundation". kalonzomusyokafoundation.org. 2012. Archived from the original on 18 November 2011. Retrieved 2012.

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Moody Awori
Vice-President of Kenya
Succeeded by
William Ruto

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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