Kamures Kad%C4%B1n
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Kamures Kad%C4%B1n
Kamures Kad?n
Kamures.png
Born5 March 1855
Ubykhia, Circassia
Died30 April 1921(1921-04-30) (aged 66)
?ehzade Mahmud Necmeddin Palace, Kuruçe?me, Istanbul, Ottoman Empire
Burial
Mehmed V Mausoleum, Eyüp, Istanbul
SpouseMehmed V
Issue?ehzade Mehmed Ziyaeddin
Full name
Turkish: Kamures Kad?n
Ottoman Turkish:
ReligionSunni Islam

Kamures Kad?n (Ottoman Turkish: ‎; 5 March 1855 - 30 April 1921), meaning "Bringer of pleasure",[1] was the first wife and chief consort of Sultan Mehmed V of the Ottoman Empire.[2]

Early life

Of Circassian origin, Kamures Kad?n was born on 5 March 1855[3] in Ubykhia, Circassia. She belonged to the Ubykh sub-ethnic group of Circassians.[4]

Marriage

Kamures married Mehmed on 30 September 1872 in the Ortaköy Palace.[4] A year after the marriage, on 26 August 1873, she gave birth to her only son, ?ehzade Mehmed Ziyaeddin.[5] On 27 April 1909, after Mehmed's accession to the throne,[6] she was given the title of "Senior Consort".[2]

In 1912, the "Hilal-i Ahmer Centre for Women" was organized within the "Ottoman Hilal-i Ahmer Association", a foundation established in 1877 to provide medical care in Istanbul and surrounding communities.[7] Kamures served as the president of this organization.[8]

Safiye Ünüvar, a teacher at the Palace School, commented in her memoirs about her beauty, and said that she still some of her looks, when the two met in 1915.[9][10] Kamures had occupied herself with reading history, and whenever Safiye visited her she would always bring up with the subject of Ottoman history.[11]

In 1918, she met with the Tsar Boris III of Bulgaria, when he visited Istanbul.[4][12] On 30 May 1918, Kamures met with the Empress Zita of Bourbon-Parma in the harem of Y?ld?z Palace, when the latter visited Istanbul with her husband Emperor Charles I of Austria.[13]

Death

After Mehmed's death on 3 July 1918,[14] she settled in the palace of ?ehzade Mahmud Necmeddin in Kuruçe?me, where she died on 30 April 1921. She was buried in the mausoleum of her husband located in the Eyüp Cemetery, Istanbul.[8][9][10]

Issue

Kamures Kad?n and Mehmed had one son:

  • ?ehzade Mehmed Ziyaeddin (Ortaköy Palace, Istanbul, 26 August 1873 - Alexandria, Egypt, 30 January 1938, buried in Ömer Tosun Pasha Mausoleum), married five times and had two sons and six daughters.

See also

References

  1. ^ Brookes 2010, p. 207 n. 7.
  2. ^ a b Uluçay 2011, p. 260.
  3. ^ Brookes 2010, p. 283.
  4. ^ a b c Açba 2007, p. 163.
  5. ^ Brookes 2010, p. 291.
  6. ^ Faroqhi, Suraiya (2008). The Cambridge History of Turkey. Cambridge University Press. p. 79. ISBN 978-0-521-62096-3.
  7. ^ Hacker, Barton; Vining, Margaret (August 17, 2012). A Companion to Women's Military History. BRILL. p. 199. ISBN 978-9-004-21217-6.
  8. ^ a b Açba 2007, p. 164.
  9. ^ a b Brookes 2010, p. 207.
  10. ^ a b Sakao?lu 2008, p. 701.
  11. ^ Brookes 2010, p. 231.
  12. ^ Sakao?lu 2008, p. 700.
  13. ^ Açba, Leyla (2004). Bir Çerkes prensesinin harem hat?ralar?. L & M. p. 56. ISBN 978-9-756-49131-7.
  14. ^ Tucker, Spencer C. (October 28, 2014). World War I: The Definitive Encyclopedia and Document Collection [5 volumes]: The Definitive Encyclopedia and Document Collection. ABC-CLIO. p. 1071. ISBN 978-1-851-09965-8.

Sources

  • Uluçay, M. Ça?atay (2011). Padi?ahlar?n kad?nlar? ve k?zlar?. Ötüken. ISBN 978-9-754-37840-5.
  • Açba, Harun (2007). Kad?n efendiler: 1839-1924. Profil. ISBN 978-9-759-96109-1.
  • Sakao?lu, Necdet (2008). Bu Mülkün Kad?n Sultanlar?: Vâlide Sultanlar, Hâtunlar, Hasekiler, Kand?nefendiler, Sultanefendiler. O?lak Yay?nc?l?k. ISBN 978-6-051-71079-2.
  • The Concubine, the Princess, and the Teacher: Voices from the Ottoman Harem. University of Texas Press. 2010. ISBN 978-0-292-78335-5.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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