Kaohsiung International Airport
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Kaohsiung International Airport

Kaohsiung International Airport

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Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorCivil Aeronautics Administration
ServesKaohsiung
LocationSiaogang District, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
Hub for
Elevation AMSL9 m / 30 ft
Coordinates22°34?37?N 120°21?00?E / 22.57694°N 120.35000°E / 22.57694; 120.35000Coordinates: 22°34?37?N 120°21?00?E / 22.57694°N 120.35000°E / 22.57694; 120.35000
Map
KHH/RCKH is located in Taiwan
KHH/RCKH
KHH/RCKH
Location of airport in Siaogang , Taiwan
KHH/RCKH is located in Asia
KHH/RCKH
KHH/RCKH
KHH/RCKH (Asia)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
09/27[a] 3,150 10,335 Concrete
Statistics (2019)
Number of passengers7,496,336 Increase
Aircraft Movements60,155
Total cargo (metric tonnes)73,541.6
Source: Civil Aeronautics Administration[1]
Kaohsiung International Airport
Traditional Chinese?
Simplified Chinese?
Siaogang International Airport
Traditional Chinese?
Simplified Chinese?

Kaohsiung International Airport ([b]) (IATA: KHH, ICAO: RCKH) is a medium-sized civil airport in Siaogang District, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, also known as Siaogang Airport (?; Xi?og?ng j?ch?ng). With nearly seven million passengers in 2018, it is the second busiest airport in Taiwan, after Taoyuan.[1] The airport has a single east-west runway and two terminals: one international and one domestic. It is owned and operated by the Civil Aeronautics Administration.

History

Originally built as an Imperial Japanese Army Air Squadron base in 1942 during the Japanese rule era of Taiwan,[2] Kaohsiung Airport retained its military purpose when the Republic of China government first took control of Taiwan in 1945. Due to the need for civil transportation in southern Taiwan, it was demilitarised and converted into a domestic civil airport in 1965, and further upgraded to the status an international airport in 1969, with regular international flights starting in 1972.[3]

During the 1970s and 1980s, direct international flights were rare at the airport, with Hong Kong and Tokyo being the only two destinations.[] Since the early 1990s, dedicated connection flights to Taipei were inaugurated, bringing convenience to the south as Taipei had more international flights. These contributed to a steady growth in airport passenger and flight movements. A new terminal dedicated to international flights was opened in 1997.[4]

In summer 1998, EVA Air opened a direct flight between Kaohsiung and Los Angeles, but it was discontinued only three months later due to low ridership.[]Northwest Airlines operated the Kaohsiung-Osaka route from 1999 to 2001, and the Tokyo route from 2002 to 2003. These two routes were separately suspended due to the low load caused by the September 11 attacks and SARS outbreak.[]

After Taiwan High Speed Rail, the high speed rail line that runs between Taipei and Kaohsiung along Taiwan's western plains, began operation in January 2007, Kaohsiung Airport suffered large reduction in passenger and flight movements. The convenience of Taiwan High Speed Rail and record-high costs of jet fuel were eating up most load factors to Taipei, caused flights between cities on Taiwan's western plains to cease operation, with the last domestic flight between Taipei Songshan and Kaohsiung ceased operation on 31 August 2012. The dedicated international connecting flight between Kaohsiung and Taoyuan stopped on 1 July 2017, after over thirty years of operation.

Since December 2008, Kaohsiung Airport has added direct flights to Hangzhou, and has since added flights to Shenzhen, Shanghai, Fuzhou, Changsha, Beijing, Kunming, Zhengzhou, Guilin, Qingdao and Chengdu.

Since 2009, the number of passengers has been recovering due to the opening of regular scheduled cross-strait flights to mainland China, as well as the rise of low cost carriers.[5]

Terminals

Kaohsiung International Airport terminal building
Kaohsiung International Airport control tower

Kaohsiung International Airport has two terminals - domestic and international. They are connected by a corridor.

The domestic terminal was built in 1965 when the facility was first opened as a civilian airport.[] Through the years, it has undergone small expansions and improvements, but jet bridges have never been added. (The domestic terminal primarily serves smaller planes that do not require jet bridges.) The current domestic terminal building also served international flights before the opening of the new international terminal. The international terminal opened in 1997 and all gates have jet bridges. It serves all international and cross-strait flights to China. The floor area for the international terminal is three times more than that of the domestic one.

Airlines and destinations

Countries with direct flights to Kaohsiung and top 20 cities in 2016

Commercial

Several airlines such as China Airlines and Uni Air operate charter flights from Kaohsiung to many Japanese cities including Asahikawa, Hakodate, Sapporo, Hanamaki, Obihiro, Nagasaki and Kumamoto, mostly during long vacations.

Military charter

Statistics

Operations and Statistics [19]
Year Passenger
movements
Airfreight
movements
(tons)
Aircraft
movement
2010 4,053,069 64,850.8 41,300
2011 4,050,980 55,364.4 42,596
2012 4,465,794 54,104.5 45,302
2013 4,646,222 55,112.0 46,721
2014 5,397,021 68,767.3 51,681
2015 6,001,487 63,030.8 55,685
2016 6,416,681 71,447.8 57,446
2017 6,479,183 81,555.3 51,768
2018 6,973,845 73,541.6 60,155
2019
Busiest routes from Kaohsiung (2019) [20][21]
Rank Airport Passengers % Change 2019/18 Carriers
1 Hong Kong Hong Kong 1,339,144 Decrease 1.6% China Airlines, Cathay Dragon
2 Taiwan Penghu 895,211 Increase 6.8% Uni Air, Far Eastern Air Transport
3 Japan Tokyo-Narita 595,239 Decrease 1.3% China Airlines, EVA Air, Tigerair Taiwan, Japan Airlines, Vanilla Air
4 Japan Osaka-Kansai 528,103 Increase 10.0% China Airlines, EVA Air, Tigerair Taiwan, Peach, Scoot
5 Taiwan Kinmen 468,563 Increase 5.0% Uni Air, Far Eastern Air Transport
6 Macau Macau 443,679 Increase 16.1% EVA Air, Tigerair Taiwan, Air Macau
7 South Korea Seoul-Incheon 413,954 Increase 21.9% China Airlines, EVA Air, Jeju Air, T'way Air
8 China Shanghai-Pudong 303,609 Increase 4.2% China Airlines, EVA Air, Juneyao Airlines, Spring Airlines
9 Japan Naha 296,631 Increase 35.1% China Airlines, Tigerair Taiwan, Peach
10 Vietnam Ho Chi Minh City 277,657 Increase 3.2% Vietnam Airlines, VietJet Air

Accidents and incidents

Ground transportation

  • Rail: The airport is served by Kaohsiung Rapid Transit Red line at Kaohsiung International Airport, providing access to Taiwan Railways at Kaohsiung Main Station and Taiwan High Speed Rail at Zuoying. Both terminals are connected.
  • Coach: A one-way coach fare from Kaohsiung International Airport to Fangliao and Kenting is available.
  • Local bus: Both terminals are served by local buses
  • Car rental: a car rental centre is located between the terminals, near the airport bus stop.
  • Taxis: Yellow taxis are available. A roaming taxi stop is at right side of International Terminal. There are also 2 Queuing taxi stops can be found at the airport, one is at left side of International Terminal, another one is at the left side of Domestic Terminal.

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ ex-09L/27R
  2. ^ Official name in Chinese is ?

References

  1. ^ a b "?-?" (PDF). CAA. CAA. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  2. ^ Hung, Chih-wen (2015). ? : [The history of airfields and airports in Taiwan] (in Chinese). . ISBN 9789574325153.
  3. ^ "History of Taiwan Kaohsiung Airport (KHH): Airport History and Facts, Kaohsiung Area, Taiwan". www.kaohsiung-khh.airports-guides.com. Retrieved 2020.
  4. ^ "Kaohsiung International Airport". Travel King. Retrieved 2020.
  5. ^ "2016 Annual Report". kia.gov.tw. Retrieved 2018.
  6. ^ Liu, Jim. "Air Busan revises 4Q19 International routes launch". Routesonline. Retrieved 2019.
  7. ^ "Asiana Airlines adds Kaohsiung scheduled charters in Sep/Oct 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 2019.
  8. ^ "Asiana Airlines W19 Taiwan service changes as of 07OCT19". Routesonline. Retrieved 2019.
  9. ^ "?, · ? '?' ... " (in Korean). New Daily Economy. 4 October 2014.
  10. ^ Liu, Jim. "Bamboo Airways delays new International routes launch to August 2020". Routesonline. Retrieved 2020.
  11. ^ Liu, Jim. "EastarJet adds Seoul - Kaohsiung service from late-Oct 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 2019.
  12. ^ "? 12/26 | | CNA". www.cna.com.tw (in Chinese). Retrieved 2019.
  13. ^ "Jeju Air adds Jeju - Kaohsiung service from Oct 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 2020.
  14. ^ "Da Nang Tourism Roadshow in Taiwan promotes Da Nang and new direct flights to Kaohsiung". Traveldailynews.Asia. Retrieved 2019.
  15. ^ Liu, Jim. "Thai Eastar Jet moves planned Kaohsiung launch to 2Q20". Routesonline. Retrieved 2020.
  16. ^ "Thai Smile plans Chiang Mai - Kaohsiung service from Jan 2020". Routesonline. Retrieved 2020.
  17. ^ "T'Way Air adds Busan - Kaohsiung from Sep 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 2020.
  18. ^ "UNI Air resumes Kaohsiung - Qingdao service from late-Sep 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 2020.
  19. ^ "?-?" (PDF). CAA ROC (in Chinese). Retrieved 2018.
  20. ^ "-?" (PDF). CAA. CAA. Retrieved 2019.
  21. ^ "-" (PDF). CAA (in Chinese). Retrieved 2019.
  22. ^ "B-241 Accident Description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 2011.
  23. ^ Formosa Airlines Archived 19 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine. Baaa-acro.com.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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