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|Founded||14 February 1804|
|Current head||Alexander II Kara?or?evi?|
|Final ruler||Peter II|
|Deposition||29 November 1945|
The Kara?or?evi? (Serbian Cyrillic: , pl. Kara?or?evi?i / ?, pronounced [karad:rde?it]) dynasty is a Serb family, founded by Kara?or?e Petrovi? (1768-1817), the veliki vo?d ("grand leader") of Serbia during the First Serbian Uprising of 1804-1813. In the course of the 19th century the relatively short-lived dynasty was supported by the Russian Empire and was opposed to the Austria-Hungary-supported Obrenovi? dynasty. After Kara?or?e's assassination in 1817, Milo? Obrenovi? founded the House of Obrenovi?. The two houses subsequently vied for the throne for several generations. Following the assassination of the Obrenovi? King Alexander I of Serbia in 1903, the Serbian Parliament chose Kara?or?e's grandson, Peter I Kara?or?evi?, then living in exile, to occupy the throne of the Kingdom of Serbia. He was duly crowned as King Peter I, and shortly before the end of World War I in 1918, representatives of the three peoples proclaimed a Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes with Peter I as sovereign. In 1929 the kingdom was renamed Yugoslavia, under Alexander I, the son of Peter I. In November 1945 the family lost their throne when the League of Communists of Yugoslavia seized power during the reign of Peter II.
In English, it is typically spelled Karadjordjevic while pronunciation is roughly anglicized as Karageorgevich, and was in previous times rendered also as Kara-Georgevich.
According to some researchers, Kara?or?e's paternal ancestors most likely migrated from the Highlands (in what is today Montenegro) to ?umadija during the Second Great Serb Migration in 1737-39 under the leadership of Patriarch ?akabenta, as a result of the Austro-Turkish War (in which Serbs took part). Serbian historiography accepted the theory that Kara?or?e's ancestors came from Vasojevi?i.
Some conjecture has arisen about where the family ended up after arriving in ?umadija. According to Rado? Lju?i?, Kara?or?e's ancestors most likely hailed from Vasojevi?i, but he has said there is no certain historical information on Kara?or?e's ancestors or where they came from, folklore being the only real source. Most likely, Kara?or?e's ancestors hailed from Vasojevi?i. Grigorije Bo?ovi? (1880-1945) claimed that the family were Srbljaci (natives) in Vasojevi?i territory. Contributing to Srbljak theory is the fact that the family celebrated St Clement as their Slava until 1890, while the patron saint of Vasojevi?i, i.e. Vaso's descendants is Archangel Michael. King Peter I was allowed to change his Slava to St Andrew the First-called by Belgrade Metropolitan Mihailo in 1890, following the death of his wife, Princess Zorka, thus honoring the date by Julian calendar when Serbian rebels liberated Belgrade during the First Serbian Uprising.
Furthermore, King Peter chose Duke of Vasojevi?i Miljan Vukov Ve?ovi? to be his bridesman during his wedding to princess Zorka in 1883. Upon being asked by his future father-in-law prince Nicholas why he chose Miljan amongst various Dukes of Montenegro, he replied that he chose him because of heroism and relation describing him as Vojvode of my own blood and kin. His son, Alexander, who was born in Cetinje was nicknamed Montenegrin The Vasojevi?i tribe claim descent from Stefan Konstantin of the Nemanji? dynasty. The Vasojevi?i were proud of Kara?or?e, and saw him as their kinsman. Montenegrin politician and Vasojevi? Gavro Vukovi?, supported this theory. Accordingly, Alexander Kara?or?evi? (1806-1885) was given the title "Voivode of Vasojevi?i" by Petar II in 1840. Other theories include: Montenegrin historian Miomir Da?i? claimed that Kara?or?e's family originated from the Gure?i?i from Podgorica in Montenegro. Folklorist Dragutin Vukovi? believed that Tripko Kne?evi?-Guri? was Kara?or?e's great-grandfather; Vuki?evi?, writing in 1907, said that in the surroundings of Podgorica, there is a local claim that Kara?or?e's ancestors initially came from Vranj.
The family claimed descent from the Vasojevi?i tribe (in Montenegro) and had emigrated in the late 1730s or early 1740s. The family lived in Ma?itevo (in Suva Reka), from where grandfather Jovan moved to Vi?evac, while Jovan's brother Radak moved to Mramorac. According to Serbian socialist Dimitrije Tucovi? and publicist Miroslav ?osovic, the ancestors of Kara?or?evi? are part of the Vasojevi?i tribe, which according to them is of Illyrian origin.
|Grand Vo?d of Serbia
|February 15, 1804 - September 21, 1813||Leader of the First Serbian Uprising. |
Deposed and exiled to Austria.
Collapse of the First Serbian Uprising.
|Prince of Serbia
|September 14, 1842 - December 23, 1858||Abdicated. |
Return of Obrenovi? dynasty to power.
|King of Serbia;
King of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
|June 15, 1903 - August 16, 1921||In exile from November 1915 due to the Serbian Campaign. |
Proclaimed King of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes on December 1, 1918.
|King of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes;
King of Yugoslavia
|August 16, 1921 - October 9, 1934||Changed title to "King of Yugoslavia" in 1929.|
Assassinated in Marseilles.
|Prince regent of Yugoslavia
|October 9, 1934 - March 27, 1941||Prince Regent for Peter II.|
|King of Yugoslavia
|October 9, 1934 - November 29, 1945||Prince Paul acted as regent until ousted on March 27, 1941; exiled on April 17, 1941, and deposed on November 29, 1945.|
The Kara?or?evi?s are active in Serbian society in various ways. There is a view that constitutional parliamentary monarchy would be the ultimate solution for stability, unity and continuity. In addition, they support Serbia as a democratic country with a future in the European Union.
The last crown prince of Yugoslavia, Alexander, has lived in Belgrade in the Dedinje Royal Palace since 2001. As the only son of the last king, Peter II, who never abdicated, and the last official heir of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia he claims to be the rightful heir to the Serbian throne in the event of restoration. Prior to the fall of Slobodan Milo?evi?, he personally united the parliamentary opposition in several major congresses. In the palace, he regularly receives religious leaders and strives, as opportunity permits, to demonstrate his commitment to human rights and to democracy.
The Kara?or?evi?s are much engaged in humanitarian work. Crown Princess Katherine has a humanitarian foundation while Crown Prince Alexander heads the Foundation for Culture and Education, whose activities include student scholarships, summer camps for children, etc. The Kara?or?evi?s are also prominent in national sports activities.
The Karadjordjevi? family initially was a Serbian Royal House, then the Royal House of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes and then the Royal House of Yugoslavia. When they last reigned they were called the Royal House of Yugoslavia.
Crown Prince Alexander was born in London but on property temporarily recognised by the United Kingdom's government as subject to the sovereignty of the Yugoslav crown, on which occasion it was publicly declared that the Crown Prince had been born on the native soil of the land he was expected to eventually rule.
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b. 1768 – d. 1817
b. 1801 – d. 1830
b. 1806 – d. 1885
b. 1827 – d. 1884
b. 1844 – d. 1921
b. 1859 – d. 1938
b. 1859 – d. 1920
b. 1862 – d. 1908
b. 1887 – d. 1972
b. 1888 – d. 1934
b. 1893 – d. 1976
(as Prince Regent)
b. 1923 – d. 1970
b. 1928 – d. 2000
b. 1929 – d. 1990
b. 1924 – d. 2016
b. 1928 – d. 1954
|Karl Vladimir |
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Media related to House of Kara?or?evi? at Wikimedia Commons