Kara%C4%91or%C4%91evi%C4%87 Dynasty
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Kara%C4%91or%C4%91evi%C4%87 Dynasty
Kara?or?evi?
Kara?or?evi?.gif
Country Serbia
Yugoslavia
Founded14 February 1804
FounderKara?or?e Petrovi?
Current headAlexander II Kara?or?evi?
Final rulerPeter II
Titles
Deposition29 November 1945

The Kara?or?evi? (Serbian Cyrillic: , pl. Kara?or?evi?i / ?, pronounced [karad:rde?it]) dynasty is a Serb family, founded by Kara?or?e Petrovi? (1768-1817), the veliki vo?d ("grand leader") of Serbia during the First Serbian Uprising of 1804-1813. In the course of the 19th century the relatively short-lived dynasty was supported by the Russian Empire and was opposed to the Austria-Hungary-supported Obrenovi? dynasty. After Kara?or?e's assassination in 1817, Milo? Obrenovi? founded the House of Obrenovi?. The two houses subsequently vied for the throne for several generations. Following the assassination of the Obrenovi? King Alexander I of Serbia in 1903, the Serbian Parliament chose Kara?or?e's grandson, Peter I Kara?or?evi?, then living in exile, to occupy the throne of the Kingdom of Serbia. He was duly crowned as King Peter I, and shortly before the end of World War I in 1918, representatives of the three peoples proclaimed a Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes with Peter I as sovereign. In 1929 the kingdom was renamed Yugoslavia, under Alexander I, the son of Peter I. In November 1945 the family lost their throne when the League of Communists of Yugoslavia seized power during the reign of Peter II.

Name

In English, it is typically spelled Karadjordjevic while pronunciation is roughly anglicized as Karageorgevich, and was in previous times rendered also as Kara-Georgevich.

Ancestry

According to some researchers, Kara?or?e's paternal ancestors most likely migrated from the Highlands (in what is today Montenegro) to ?umadija during the Second Great Serb Migration in 1737-39 under the leadership of Patriarch ?akabenta, as a result of the Austro-Turkish War (in which Serbs took part).[1] Serbian historiography accepted the theory that Kara?or?e's ancestors came from Vasojevi?i.[2]

Some conjecture has arisen about where the family ended up after arriving in ?umadija. According to Rado? Lju?i?, Kara?or?e's ancestors most likely hailed from Vasojevi?i, but he has said there is no certain historical information on Kara?or?e's ancestors or where they came from, folklore being the only real source. Most likely, Kara?or?e's ancestors hailed from Vasojevi?i.[3][4][5] Grigorije Bo?ovi? (1880-1945) claimed that the family were Srbljaci (natives) in Vasojevi?i territory.[6] Contributing to Srbljak theory is the fact that the family celebrated St Clement as their Slava until 1890, while the patron saint of Vasojevi?i, i.e. Vaso's descendants is Archangel Michael. King Peter I was allowed to change his Slava to St Andrew the First-called by Belgrade Metropolitan Mihailo in 1890, following the death of his wife, Princess Zorka, thus honoring the date by Julian calendar when Serbian rebels liberated Belgrade during the First Serbian Uprising.[7][8]

Oplenac is the mausoleum of the Kara?or?evi? dynasty

Furthermore, King Peter chose Duke of Vasojevi?i Miljan Vukov Ve?ovi? to be his bridesman during his wedding to princess Zorka in 1883. Upon being asked by his future father-in-law prince Nicholas why he chose Miljan amongst various Dukes of Montenegro, he replied that he chose him because of heroism and relation describing him as Vojvode of my own blood and kin.[9] His son, Alexander, who was born in Cetinje was nicknamed Montenegrin[10] The Vasojevi?i tribe claim descent from Stefan Konstantin of the Nemanji? dynasty.[4] The Vasojevi?i were proud of Kara?or?e, and saw him as their kinsman.[11] Montenegrin politician and Vasojevi? Gavro Vukovi?, supported this theory.[12] Accordingly, Alexander Kara?or?evi? (1806-1885) was given the title "Voivode of Vasojevi?i" by Petar II in 1840.[12][13] Other theories include: Montenegrin historian Miomir Da?i? claimed that Kara?or?e's family originated from the Gure?i?i from Podgorica in Montenegro.[6] Folklorist Dragutin Vukovi? believed that Tripko Kne?evi?-Guri? was Kara?or?e's great-grandfather;[6] Vuki?evi?, writing in 1907, said that in the surroundings of Podgorica, there is a local claim that Kara?or?e's ancestors initially came from Vranj.[14]

The family claimed descent from the Vasojevi?i tribe (in Montenegro) and had emigrated in the late 1730s or early 1740s.[15] The family lived in Ma?itevo (in Suva Reka), from where grandfather Jovan moved to Vi?evac, while Jovan's brother Radak moved to Mramorac.[3][4] According to Serbian socialist Dimitrije Tucovi? and publicist Miroslav ?osovic, the ancestors of Kara?or?evi? are part of the Vasojevi?i tribe, which according to them is of Illyrian origin.[16][17][18]

Monarchs

Picture TitleName Reign Notes
Kara?or?e Petrovi?, by Vladimir Borovikovsky, 1816.jpg Grand Vo?d of Serbia
Kara?or?e Petrovi?
February 15, 1804 - September 21, 1813 Leader of the First Serbian Uprising.
Deposed and exiled to Austria.
Collapse of the First Serbian Uprising.
PrinceAlexander I w.jpg Prince of Serbia
Alexander
September 14, 1842 - December 23, 1858 Abdicated.
Return of Obrenovi? dynasty to power.
PetarI-Karadjordjevic.jpg King of Serbia;
King of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
Petar I
June 15, 1903 - August 16, 1921 In exile from November 1915 due to the Serbian Campaign.
Proclaimed King of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes on December 1, 1918.
Kralj aleksandar1.jpg King of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes;
King of Yugoslavia
Alexander I
August 16, 1921 - October 9, 1934 Changed title to "King of Yugoslavia" in 1929.
Assassinated in Marseilles.
Prince Paul of Yugoslavia.jpg Prince regent of Yugoslavia
Paul
October 9, 1934 - March 27, 1941 Prince Regent for Peter II.
Peter II Karadordevic.jpg King of Yugoslavia
Peter II
October 9, 1934 - November 29, 1945 Prince Paul acted as regent until ousted on March 27, 1941; exiled on April 17, 1941, and deposed on November 29, 1945.

Current claims to the throne

Prince Alexander with his second wife, Princess Katherine.

The Kara?or?evi?s are active in Serbian society in various ways. There is a view that constitutional parliamentary monarchy would be the ultimate solution for stability, unity and continuity. In addition, they support Serbia as a democratic country with a future in the European Union.

The last crown prince of Yugoslavia, Alexander, has lived in Belgrade in the Dedinje Royal Palace since 2001. As the only son of the last king, Peter II, who never abdicated, and the last official heir of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia he claims to be the rightful heir to the Serbian throne in the event of restoration.[19][20] Prior to the fall of Slobodan Milo?evi?, he personally united the parliamentary opposition in several major congresses.[] In the palace, he regularly receives religious leaders and strives, as opportunity permits, to demonstrate his commitment to human rights and to democracy.

The Kara?or?evi?s are much engaged in humanitarian work. Crown Princess Katherine has a humanitarian foundation while Crown Prince Alexander heads the Foundation for Culture and Education, whose activities include student scholarships, summer camps for children, etc. The Kara?or?evi?s are also prominent in national sports activities.

Serbia and Yugoslavia

The Karadjordjevi? family initially was a Serbian Royal House, then the Royal House of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes and then the Royal House of Yugoslavia. When they last reigned they were called the Royal House of Yugoslavia.

Crown Prince Alexander was born in London but on property temporarily recognised by the United Kingdom's government as subject to the sovereignty of the Yugoslav crown, on which occasion it was publicly declared that the Crown Prince had been born on the native soil of the land he was expected to eventually rule.[21]

Heraldry

Family tree

Kara?or?e
b. 1768 – d. 1817
reigned 1804–1813
Alexis
b. 1801 – d. 1830
Alexander Kara?or?evi?
b. 1806 – d. 1885
reigned 1842–1858
George
b. 1827 – d. 1884
Peter I
b. 1844 – d. 1921
reigned 1903–1921
Arsen
b. 1859 – d. 1938
Alexis
b. 1859 – d. 1920
Bojidar
b. 1862 – d. 1908
George
b. 1887 – d. 1972
Alexander I
b. 1888 – d. 1934
reigned 1921–1934
Paul Kara?or?evi?
b. 1893 – d. 1976
ruled 1934–1941
(as Prince Regent)
Peter II
b. 1923 – d. 1970
reigned 1934–1945
Tomislav
b. 1928 – d. 2000
Andrew
b. 1929 – d. 1990
Alexander
b. 1924 – d. 2016
Nicholas
b. 1928 – d. 1954
Alexander Kara?or?evi?
b. 1945
Nicholas
b. 1958
George
b. 1984
Michael
b. 1985
Karl Vladimir
b. 1964
Dimitri Mihailo
b. 1965
Dimitri
b. 1958
Michael
b. 1958
Sergius
b. 1963
Du?an
b. 1977
Peter
b. 1980
Philip
b. 1982
Alexander
b. 1982
Stefan
b. 2018

References

  1. ^ "Pastir u najmu".
  2. ^ "Srpsko Nasledje". Srpsko Nasledje. Retrieved 2012.
  3. ^ a b Bogdan Popovi?, Jovan Skerli? (1932). Srpski knji?evni glasnik, Volumes 35-36. p. 282.
  4. ^ a b c R-J. V. Vesovi?, 1935, "Pleme Vasojevi?i", Dr?avna ?tampa u Sarajevu, Sarajevo
  5. ^ Felix Phillip Kanitz 1987, p. 334: " ? 10, ? ? ? ? 1752. ? ?, , ? ? ? ? ?."
  6. ^ a b c (redjasna@yahoo.com), Veselin Ostojin (happynose@geocities.com), Jasmina Maric. "Srpsko Nasledje". www.srpsko-nasledje.co.rs.
  7. ^ "MISTERIJA SLAVE KARA?OR?EVI?A: Evo kojim svecima su se molili preci Kara?or?a!".
  8. ^ "?uvaju slavu velikog vo?da".
  9. ^ btgport.net. "Kara?or?evi?i porijeklom iz Vasojevi?a". mojenovosti.com.
  10. ^ "? ? - Politikin Zabavnik". politikin-zabavnik.co.rs.
  11. ^ Pregled, Volume 9 (in Serbian). Nova tiskara Vr?ek i dr. 1933. ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? . ? , ? ? ? ?.
  12. ^ a b Vukovi? 1985
  13. ^ " ? ? ? ? , ? ? 1840. ? ? II ? ? ?, ? ? ? "? ? ? ? ?"".
  14. ^ Vuki?evi? 1907, p. 5: "? ? ? ? . ? ? , ? ? 1875 ?.
  15. ^ Király & Rothenberg 1982, p. 23.
  16. ^ "Serbien und Albanien: ein kritischer Beitrag zur Unterdrückungspolitik der serbischen Bourgeoisie". Albanian History (in German). 11 April 2017.
  17. ^ "NAPAD NA SRPSTVO: Nemanji?i i Kara?or?e su poreklom Albanci!". Kurir (in Serbian). 29 March 2014.
  18. ^ "Mit je da je Kara?or?e Petrovi? bio porijeklom iz Vasojevi?a". Portalanalitika (in Serbian). 26 August 2017.
  19. ^ McKinsey, Kitty (27 June 1997). "Kings Try for Comeback". San Francisco Chronicle. Archived from the original on 13 November 2007.
  20. ^ Luxmoore, Jonathan (8 December 2003). "Serbian Orthodox Leader Calls For Monarchy To Be Reintroduced". Ecumenical News International. Archived from the original on 10 October 2006.
  21. ^ "Crown Prince Alexander II: the man who would be king of Serbia". Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved .
  • Gavro Vukovi? (1985). Slobodan Tomovi? (ed.). Memoari, Volume 2. Obod.
  • Felix Phillip Kanitz (1987). Srbija: zemlja i stanovni?tvo od rimskog doba do kraja XIX veka, Volume 1 (3 ed.). Srpska knji?evna zadruga.
  • Milenko M. Vuki?evi? (1907). Kara?or?e: 1752-1804. ?tampano u Dr?avnoj ?tampariji Kraljevine Srbije.

External links

Media related to House of Kara?or?evi? at Wikimedia Commons


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