Karaa%C4%9Fa%C3%A7, Edirne
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Karaa%C4%9Fa%C3%A7, Edirne

Karaa?aç (English: "elm, elm wood", Greek: or ) is a suburb of Edirne in northwestern Turkey at the border with Greece. Karaa?aç is 4 km southwest from the center of Edirne, across the river Maritsa and opposite the Greek village Kastanies. In 1890, the large Karaa?aç railway station was built in the town, which also served Edirne, becoming the last train stop in Turkey to Europe. In 1971, Turkish State Railways (TCDD) constructed a new railway station at the opposite side of the river, abandoning the former one, which is now used as Trakya University's Faculty of Fine Arts..

The Treaty of Lausanne Monument and Museum, which opened in 1998, are located next to the former railway station.[1]


Historic railway station in Karaa?aç used as Trakya University's Faculty of Fine Arts.
Treaty of Lausanne Monument in Karaa?aç with bust of ?smet ?nönü in foreground

When Greece held the town (1920-1923), Karaa?aç was renamed Orestias, in remembrance of the ancient Thracian town with the same name, which probably lay near or at the site of present-day Edirne. Orestias or Orestia is thought to have been the same town as Uscudama (other variants: Uskudama, Uskadama, Uskodama) or Odrysa (other variants: Odrysia, Odrysos, Odrysus) which was the first Odrysian capital.[2] Orestias took its name by the Greeks, at least from the time Philip II of Macedon took over the town. The Roman emperor Hadrian expanded the town into a city, gave it a strong fortification and renamed it Hadrianopolis. However the name Orestias was still used by many writers at the Byzantine era, along with Adrianoupolis.[3][4][5]


  1. ^ Güler, Olgay (2014-07-25). "Lozan'?n sönü?ü". Edirne Hudut (in Turkish). Retrieved .
  2. ^ Duridanov, Ivan. The Language of the Thracians
  3. ^ Anthon, Charles (1842). A Classical Dictionary, containing an account of the principal proper names mentioned in ancient authors, Harper and Brothers, New York. online. External link in |title= (help)
  4. ^ Smith, William (1854). Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, London. online. External link in |title= (help)
  5. ^ Mannert, Konrad (1812). Geographie der Griechen und Römer, Band 7, Nuremberg. online. External link in |title= (help)

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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