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Polish karabela, 17th century
Karabela of King Sigismund III of Poland

A karabela was a type of Polish sabre (szabla) popular in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Wojciech Zab?ocki defines "karabela" as a decorated sabre with the handle stylized as the head of a bird and an open crossguard.[1]

The word "karabela" does not have well-established etymology, and different versions are suggested.[2] For example, Zygmunt Gloger suggests derivation from the name of the Iraqi city of Karbala, known for trade of this kind of sabres.[3] "Kara" means "Black/Dark" and "Bela" means "Trouble/Curse" in Turkish.


  • W?odzimierz Kwa?niewicz "1000 s?ów o broni bia?ej i uzbrojeniu ochronnym" MON, Warszawa 1981, ISBN 83-11-06559-4
  • PWN Leksykon: Wojsko, wojna, bro?, Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, Warszawa 2001, ISBN 978-83-01-13506-5
  • W?odzimierz Kwa?niewicz: Dzieje szabli w Polsce, Dom Wydawniczy Bellona, Warszawa 1999, ISBN 83-11-08921-3


  1. ^ Wojciech Zab?ocki, Ci?cia prawdziw? szabl?, ISBN 8321726011, p. 12
  2. ^ "Bulletin de la Société polonaise de linguistique", vol. 58 Archived 2014-01-11 at the Wayback Machine, p. , [1]
  3. ^ Zygmunt Gloger, "Ksi?ga rzeczy polskich" 1896, p. 148

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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