Kathy Mattea
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Kathy Mattea
Kathy Mattea
WIKI K MATTEA 0289B.jpg
Mattea performing in 1989
Background information
Kathleen Alice Mattea[1]
Born (1959-06-21) June 21, 1959 (age 58)[1][2]
South Charleston, West Virginia, U.S.
Origin Cross Lanes, West Virginia
Genres
Singer-songwriter
Instruments
1983-present
Labels
Website mattea.com

Kathleen Alice Mattea (born June 21, 1959) is an American country music and bluegrass performer who often brings folk, Celtic, and traditional country sounds to her music. Active since 1984 as a recording artist, she has charted more than thirty singles on the Billboard Hot Country Songs charts, including four that reached No. 1: "Goin' Gone", "Eighteen Wheels and a Dozen Roses", "Come from the Heart", and "Burnin' Old Memories", plus twelve more that charted within the top ten. She has released fourteen studio albums, two Christmas albums, and one greatest hits album. Most of her material was recodred for Universal Music Group Nashville's Mercury Records Nashville division between 1984 and 2000, with later albums being issued on Narada Productions, her own Captain Potato label, and Sugar Hill Records. Among her albums, she has received five gold certifications and one platinum certification from the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA). She has collaborated with Dolly Parton, Michael McDonald, Tim O'Brien, and her husband, Jon Vezner. Mattea is also a two-time Grammy Award winner: in 1990 for "Where've You Been", and in 1993 for her Christmas album Good News.

Early life

Mattea was born in South Charleston, West Virginia as the only daughter of three children, and grew up in Cross Lanes.[2] Her father worked in a chemical plant and her mother was a homemaker.[3] She sang in her parents' church as a child, and in high school she performed at school shows and family gatherings.[4]

In 1976, while attending West Virginia University, she joined a bluegrass band,[3] and two years later dropped out of school to move to Nashville. During this time, Mattea also listened to folk and bluegrass, which she would later say "formed [her] roots" as an artist.[4] She worked as a tour guide at the Country Music Hall of Fame, and then as a secretary and a waitress, in order to support herself while working as a demo singer. Songwriter, publisher, and record producer Byron Hill discovered her and helped her sign to Mercury Records in 1983.[5][6]

Recording career

1984-1986: First two albums

Mattea's self-titled debut came out in 1984,[1] with Hill and Rick Peoples as the album's producers.[7] Mattea later noted that "there were no budgets" when she was recording the album, as she was unable to afford a $75 makeup session, and the front cover featured her wearing a jacket which she had purchased at Kmart.[5] Even so, four of its singles made the Hot Country Songs charts, starting with "Street Talk", which charted at No. 25.[2] Mattea had originally recorded a demo of the song with the intent of having Terri Gibbs record it, but Mattea kept it for herself when Gibbs declined the song.[5] Followup "Someone Is Falling in Love" (written by Pebe Sebert) made it to No. 26 on the same chart, while "You've Got a Soft Place to Fall" and "That's Easy for You to Say" fell short of the top 40.[2] Other notable cuts on the album included "God Ain't No Stained Glass Window", which was released as a 12" promotional single for the Christmas season;[8] a cover version of Barry Manilow's 1981 hit "Somewhere Down the Road";[9] and "(Back to the) Heartbreak Kid", which later became a Top 10 hit on the country charts for Restless Heart in late 1985 to early 1986.[10]Allmusic reviewer William Ruhlmann wrote of the album that it was "a fairly representative sampling of Nashville formula country writing", while praising the "feisty" nature of "Street Talk" and Mattea's vocals on "Heartbreak Kid".[11]People reviewer Ralph Novak compared Mattea's voice favorably to Anne Murray and said that "Mattea may not have the most revolutionary sound around, but her material is especially good."[9]

Her second album, From My Heart, was also her first under the production of Allen Reynolds,[12][13] who is best known for his work with Crystal Gayle and Garth Brooks. Released in 1985, it produced the chart singles "It's Your Reputation Talkin'", "He Won't Give In", and "Heart of the Country", which peaked at numbers 34, 22, and 46 respectively on Hot Country Songs.[2] It also featured a cover of Elton John's "Ball and Chain", from his 1982 album Jump Up![13] Ruhlmann found this album superior to its predecessor, stating that Reynolds "seems to have shaped the song selections to the singer's talents and given her the opportunity to sing in a more individual manner."[13] A review of the album in Billboard was also positive, noting the "more focused direction and a simpler, purer sound".[12]

1986-89: Breakthrough

1986's Walk the Way the Wind Blows was, according to Allmusic, "her breakthrough both critically and commercially".[1] Four singles were released from the album. First was "Love at the Five and Dime",[1] originally recorded by Nanci Griffith on her 1986 album The Last of the True Believers.[14] Following it were "Walk the Way the Wind Blows", "You're the Power", and "Train of Memories". All four of these songs reached the top 10 of the country music charts between 1986 and 1987.[2] The B-side to "You're the Power" was a rendition of "Song for the Life",[2] written by Rodney Crowell and later a top 10 hit for Alan Jackson in 1995.[15] Contributing musicians on Walk the Way the Wind Blows included Béla Fleck, Don Williams (who sang background vocals on "Love at the Five and Dime"), Wendy Waldman, and Vince Gill.[16]Billboard praised Walk the Way the Wind Blows as "Mattea's most country effort to date".[17] An uncredited review in Stereo Review (now Sound & Vision) stated that "if every country album were as tasteful and well executed as Walk the Way the Wind Blows...the reviewer's life would be a happy one indeed", while rating the performance and recording as "perfection".[18] Thom Jurek felt that the album's uptempo cuts were stronger than its ballads, noting that "Her ballad singing hadn't gotten to the place it did just three years later" while praising her performances on the more upbeat tracks and on "Love at the Five and Dime".[16]

Mattea had her first No. 1 single in late 1987 to early 1988 with "Goin' Gone".[2] Co-written by Pat Alger and Fred Koller,[2] this song also previously appeared on The Last of the True Believers.[14] Mattea's version was the lead single to her third album Untasted Honey. Following it was "Eighteen Wheels and a Dozen Roses", which became her longest-tenured No. 1 single when it spent two weeks in that position.[2] "Untold Stories" and "Life as We Knew It" were also released from the album, with both reaching the No. 4 position of the country charts.[2] The album also featured bluegrass musician Tim O'Brien, who wrote both "Walk the Way the Wind Blows" and "Untold Stories", as a duet partner on the track "The Battle Hymn of Love".[19][2] Jurek noted the album's bluegrass influences with favor, while comparing "Untold Stories" to the work of Bill Monroe and praising Mattea's storytelling on "Eighteen Wheels and a Dozen Roses".[20]People magazine's review of the album stated that "it's just Mattea, sounding warm, strong, smart and generally splendid," while praising the lyrics of "Life as We Knew It" and "Eighteen Wheels and a Dozen Roses".[19]

In 1989, she released Willow in the Wind. This album's first two singles, "Come from the Heart" (previously recorded by Don Williams on his 1987 album Traces[21]) and "Burnin' Old Memories", also topped the country charts, followed by "Where've You Been" (co-written by Mattea's husband, Jon Vezner) and "She Came from Fort Worth",[2] the latter of which was a No. 1 single on the Radio & Records[4] and Gavin Report country music charts.[22] This album featured backing vocals from Craig Bickhardt, Riders in the Sky, Jim Photoglo, and Claire Lynch, with musical contributions from Mark O'Connor, Charlie McCoy, Jerry Douglas, and Ray Flacke.[23] Jurek called it "the first completely realized project of her career", and highlighted Laurie Lewis's "Love Chooses You" as its strongest cut.[24] An uncredited review from People was positive, stating that "she's still not one to rock and roll, but this album has a fair share of swingy, blue-newgrass tracks", and that "Mattea sounds warm and relaxed".[25] Comparing Mattea's vocals to Linda Ronstadt and Jennifer Warnes, Randy Lewis of the Los Angeles Times wrote that "she treats the songs, most of which are about lives in transition, with the requisite humility and honesty so their simple charms are not inflated into stentorian Author's Messages".[26] Mattea won the Country Music Association's Female Vocalist of the Year award in both 1989 and 1990, and a Grammy Award for Best Female Country Vocal Performance in 1990 for "Where've You Been".[4]

1990s

Later in 1990, Mattea released her first greatest hits album, A Collection of Hits. The album included eight of her previous singles, plus "The Battle Hymn of Love" from Untasted Honey and the new recording "A Few Good Things Remain". Both were released as singles in 1990 and reached the Top 10 of Hot Country Songs, with "The Battle Hymn of Love" representing O'Brien's only chart entry to date.[2] "A Few Good Things Remain" was also featured on her next studio album, 1991's Time Passes By. This project produced three singles: the title track reached Top 10, but "Whole Lotta Holes" and "Asking Us to Dance" were less successful.[2] The album included Celtic music influences and was partially recorded in Scotland.[27] Reynolds continued to serve as producer for this album except for the closing track, a cover of "From a Distance", which Mattea and Vezner produced with Dougie MacLean.[27] Contributors on backing vocals included Trisha Yearwood (on "Time Passes By"), The Roches (on "Whole Lotta Holes"), Emmylou Harris, Craig Bickhardt, and Ashley Cleveland.[28] Rating it "A", Alanna Nash of Entertainment Weekly called the album "a quiet, reflective acoustic collection."[29]Brian Mansfield noted in Allmusic that it was "her most ambitious album" and had "impeccably chosen songs".[30]

1992's Lonesome Standard Time produced a No. 11 country hit in its title track, plus the Top 20 "Standing Knee Deep in a River (Dying of Thirst)", but followups "Seeds" and "Listen to the Radio" became her first singles since 1985 not to enter the country Top 40.[2] This was also her first album to be produced by Brent Maher, best known for his work with The Judds.[31] Nash rated it "B", saying that "not even the driving bluegrass of the title tune is enough to transcend the album's ultrareflective mood. Mattea's husky mezzo-soprano remains a thrilling instrument, however".[32]CD Review noted that the album seemed "familiar" despite the change in producers and session musicians: "a couple of whimsical numbers, a couple of bluesy laments for love gone wrong, a let's-get-away-from-it-all love song" while praising the lyrical content of "Standing Knee Deep in a River" and "Seeds".[31] In June 1992, Mattea was required to undergo vocal rest and surgery due to "repair years of overuse" on her vocal cords.[4][33]

Her first Christmas album, Good News, came out in September 1993. It featured largely original compositions, plus renditions of the hymn "Brightest and Best" and the contemporary Christian tune "Mary, Did You Know?" Thom Jurek wrote of its sound, "This doesn't feel like any Christmas record you've ever heard before...It sounds like a well-crafted, gorgeously wrought folk/country/Celtic-flavored Kathy Mattea record."[34] This album won that year's Grammy Award for Best Southern, Country or Bluegrass Gospel Album.[35] Maher again served as producer, with further production from Reynolds on one track.[36]

Mattea released Walking Away a Winner in 1994. Produced by Josh Leo, the album was more rock and pop influenced than its predecessors,[37] with Thom Jurek of Allmusic comparing its sound to Mary Chapin Carpenter and Bonnie Raitt.[38] Nash noted the "bigger" sound of the album, but praised its "style and substance".[39] The title track charted at No. 3 on the country charts in 1994, representing her last Top 10 hit; following it were "Nobody's Gonna Rain on Our Parade", "Maybe She's Human", and "Clown in Your Rodeo".[2] The album featured backing vocals from Lisa Angelle, Karla Bonoff, Andrew Gold, and Hal Ketchum.[40] Also in 1994, Mattea had a cameo in the movie Maverick,[41] whose soundtrack also featured her as one of several lead vocalists on a multi-artist rendition of "Amazing Grace".[42]

Mattea spent the entirety of 1996 off the charts before returning with Love Travels in 1997. Its lead single was "455 Rocket", which charted at No. 21, followed by the title track at No. 39.[2] Mattea noted that in the process of recording "455 Rocket," the band recorded multiple takes but chose to keep the first one because "no one thought they were being recorded, and everyone was just playing with abandon."[5] Musicians on this album included bassist Hutch Hutchinson, drummers Abe Laboriel Jr. and Jim Keltner, and guitarist Duke Levine; contributing backing vocalists included Kim Richey, Michael McDonald, Suzy Bogguss, Jonatha Brooke, and Mary Ann Kennedy. Lionel Cartwright wrote "If That's What You Call Love", which also featured him on piano and background vocals, and Phil Keaggy played guitar on the closing track "Beautiful Fool".[43] Thom Owens of Allmusic stated that "though the glossy production may put off some of her old country-folk fans, Love Travels is a typically tasteful and compelling record"[44] Bob Cannon of Entertainment Weekly praised the inclusion of Gillian Welch and Cheryl Wheeler songs, calling it "her most mature and focused work yet."[45]

2000s

Her last Mercury album was The Innocent Years in 2000. Before the album's release, Mattea returned to West Virginia to care for her father, who had been diagnosed with colon cancer. She said that this resulted in a very intermittent recording process, but also informed the album's content; she told Country Standard Time, "I spent a lot of time thinking about what's important to me. I think this is an album about those things."[46] Although Mattea rarely writes her material, she wrote two songs on the album with Vezner.[46] The album's final track, a novelty song called "BFD", was included as a bonus track because it was popular with fans, but she was unsure of how to sequence it with the rest of the album.[46] "The Trouble with Angels" and "BFD" made the Hot Country Songs charts in 2000, although neither made Top 40.[2]Country Standard Time reviewer Eli Messinger wrote that "though the smooth sound and heart-on-her-sleeve lyrics may not be for the country roots fan...Mattea's superb voice and mature readings are clearly the work of an accomplished artist chasing her musical muse."[47]

For 2002's Roses, Mattea moved to Narada Productions. She said that she chose to work with this label after leaving Mercury because she felt that the label would "give [her] alternative marketing ideas" and "didn't see [her] musical restlessness as a liability". She said that she wanted to keep a contemporary folk and Celtic influence. Mattea supported the album with a tour largely focused on performing arts centers. Narada serviced "They Are the Roses" to Adult Contemporary and country stations, and "I'm Alright" to Adult album alternative and Americana music formats.[48] Maria Konicki Dinoia wrote in Allmusic that "she pushes the envelope, bringing to the forefront the blending of the Scottish/Irish music found in small doses on her last few albums."[49] One year later, she released her second Christmas disc, Joy for Christmas Day, which continued in her Celtic music influences.[50] This album was inspired by her annual Christmas tours that she had done ever since the release of Good News.[51]

Her third overall album for Narada was 2005's Right Out of Nowhere. Produced entirely by Mattea, the album included covers of The Rolling Stones' "Gimme Shelter" and Creedence Clearwater Revival's "Down on the Corner",[52] along with a rendition of the spiritual "Wade in the Water".[53] Allmusic and Country Standard Time both reviewed these covers in particular with favor, with the latter's Dan MacIntosh also noting that "Mattea chooses songs that are mostly optimistic, even though hers is a kind of hard-won optimism."[53]

The bluegrass album Coal followed in 2008. Mattea released this album independently on her own Captain Potato Records. Mattea said that she chose to do an album themed to coal mining after the Sago Mine disaster, and worked with country and bluegrass singer Marty Stuart as her producer.[54] She said that she was unsure about recording the song "Black Lung" until Stuart noted that the recording engineer on the session had gotten emotional and begun to cry during her take on the song.[55] A second album of bluegrass-influenced and primiarly coal mining-themed songs, Calling Me Home, followed in 2014 on Sugar Hill Records.[56]

Collaborations

Mattea participated in several collaborative works, primarily in the 1990s. In March 1991, Mattea was one of several artists on "Voices That Care", a charity single to help boost the morale of U.S. troops involved in Operation Desert Storm.[57]Dolly Parton's 1993 single "Romeo" featured guest vocals from Mattea, Tanya Tucker, Mary Chapin Carpenter, Pam Tillis, and Billy Ray Cyrus.[58] Mattea appeared on two tracks from the 1994 Red Hot + Country compilation, put out by the AIDS activism group Red Hot Organization. The first of these was a cover of "Teach Your Children" which also featured Suzy Bogguss, Alison Krauss, and Crosby, Stills & Nash, and the second was a duet with Jackson Browne titled "Rock Me on the Water".[4] The former, credited to "The Red Hots", charted at No. 75 on Hot Country Songs dated for October 22, 1994.[59] Also in 1994, Mattea sang duet vocals on Johnny Hallyday's "Love Affair",[60] which made No. 35 on the French Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique (SNEP) charts.[61] In 1998, Mattea recorded a duet with Michael McDonald titled "Among the Missing", a charity single to help benefit the National Center for Missing & Exploited Children (NCMEC). It was written by Peter McCann and produced by George Massenburg, and a video of the performance was also issued on DVD.[62] The song charted for a single week at No. 73 on Hot Country Songs dated for March 27, 1999.[2]

Personal life

Mattea has been married to songwriter Jon Vezner since February 14, 1988. He started a publishing company underneath the apartment in which Mattea lived in the 1980s, and the two met after he jump-started her car. Vezner wrote four of Mattea's singles: "Where've You Been", "Whole Lotta Holes", "Time Passes By", and "A Few Good Things Remain", along with singles by Diamond Rio and Clay Walker.[63]

Mattea is known for her roles in AIDS activism. In 1992, many televised awards shows were handing out red ribbons to participants in honor of AIDS awareness, but the Country Music Association chose to hand out green ribbons promoting environmental awareness instead. Mattea chose to wear three red ribbons that night, each one honoring a friend of hers who had died of the disease, along with the green ribbon.[64] A 1994 article in the Chicago Tribune noted that a Nashville newspaper interpreted a comment she had made on wearing both color ribbons as a confrontation, and that Mattea was often questioned as to whether her activism had a negative impact on sales of her then-current album.[41] Besides her participation in the Red Hot + Country charity album series, Mattea also participated in charity concerts and made public appearances at activism campaigns. She was also the recipient of the inaugural Harvard AIDS Initiative award in 1994.[65]

Discography

Five of Mattea's albums are certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) for sales of 500,000 copies each, while her 1990 greatest hits album A Collection of Hits is certified platinum for sales of 1,000,000 copies.[66]

Studio albums
Compilations
Christmas albums
Number-one singles (Hot Country Songs)

References

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Huey, Steve. "Kathy Mattea biography". Allmusic. Retrieved 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Whitburn 2012, p. 210.
  3. ^ a b Sanz, Cynthia (September 24, 1990). "Down-Home Diva Kathy Mattea Spins Tears into Country Gold". People. Retrieved 2017. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f Stambler, Irwin; Landon, Grelun (July 15, 2000). Country Music: The Encyclopedia. pp. 285-287. 
  5. ^ a b c d Flans, Robyn (2006). The Definitive Collection (CD booklet). Kathy Mattea. Mercury Records. B0007233-02. 
  6. ^ Harrell, Jeff (December 11, 2014). "Coal miner's granddaughter defies labels". South Bend Tribune. Retrieved 2017. 
  7. ^ Hurst, Jack (July 21, 1984). "Italian-American Mattea moves into hit country". Chicago Tribune. pp. 14, 16. Retrieved 2017. 
  8. ^ Kirby, Kip (December 22, 1984). "Nashville Scene" (PDF). Billboard: 47. 
  9. ^ a b Novak, Ralph (April 9, 1984). "Picks and Pans Review: Kathy Mattea". People. Retrieved 2017. 
  10. ^ Whitburn 2012, p. 279.
  11. ^ Ruhlmann, William. "Kathy Mattea review". Allmusic. Retrieved 2017. 
  12. ^ a b "Reviews". Billboard: 72. March 30, 1985. 
  13. ^ a b c Ruhlmann, William. "From My Heart". Allmusic. Retrieved 2017. 
  14. ^ a b Planer, Lindsay. "The Last of the True Believers". Allmusic. Retrieved 2017. 
  15. ^ Whitburn 2012, pp. 163-164.
  16. ^ a b Jurek, Thom. "Walk the Way the Wind Blows". Allmusic. Retrieved 2017. 
  17. ^ "Reviews" (PDF). Billboard: 94. October 18, 1986. 
  18. ^ "Walk the Way the Wind Blows". Stereo REview. 52: 190. 
  19. ^ a b "Untasted Honey". People. November 16, 1987. Retrieved 2017. 
  20. ^ Jurek, Thom. "Untasted Honey". Allmusic. Retrieved 2017. 
  21. ^ "Traces" (PDF). Don Williams official website. Retrieved 2017. 
  22. ^ "Country" (PDF). Gavin Report: 30. May 25, 1990. 
  23. ^ Willow in the Wind (CD insert). Kathy Mattea. Mercury Records. 1989. 836 950-2. 
  24. ^ Jurek, Thom. "Willow in the Wind". Allmusic. Retrieved 2017. 
  25. ^ "Picks and Pans Review: Willow in the Wind". People. May 1, 1989. Retrieved 2017. 
  26. ^ Lewis, Randy (April 30, 1989). "KATHY MATTEA "Willow in the Wind."". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2017. 
  27. ^ a b Larkin, Colin (1998). The Virgin Encyclopedia of Country Music. p. 269. 
  28. ^ Time Passes By (CD booklet). Kathy Mattea. Mercury Records. 1991. 846 975-2. 
  29. ^ Nash, Alanna (April 5, 1991). "Time Passes By review". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2017. 
  30. ^ Mansfield, Brian. "Time Passes By review". Allmusic. Retrieved 2017. 
  31. ^ a b "Lonesome Standard Time". CD Review. 9 (1-6): 92. 
  32. ^ Nash, Alanna (October 30, 1992). "Lonesome Standard Time". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2017. 
  33. ^ Hurst, Jack (December 25, 1992). "Kathy Mattea Worked Voice Back Into Shape". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved 2017. 
  34. ^ Jurek, Thom. "Good News". Allmusic. Retrieved 2017. 
  35. ^ "Grammy results for Kathy Mattea". grammy.com. Retrieved 2017. 
  36. ^ Good News (Media notes). Kathy Mattea. Mercury Records. 1993. 314 518 059 2. 
  37. ^ Nash, Alanna (May 20, 1994). "Walking Away a Winner review". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2017. 
  38. ^ Jurek, Thom. "Walking Away a Winner". Allmusic. Retrieved 2017. 
  39. ^ Nash, Alanna (May 20, 1994). "Walking Away a Winner review". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2017. 
  40. ^ Walking Away a Winner (CD liner notes). Kathy Mattea. Mercury Records. 1994. 518852. 
  41. ^ a b Hurst, Jack (February 4, 1994). "'Maverick' Cameo Made Mattea's Year". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2017. 
  42. ^ Maverick (CD booklet). Various artists. Atlantic Records. 1994. 82595. 
  43. ^ Love Travels (CD booklet). Kathy Mattea. Mercury Nashville. 1997. 314 532 899 2. 
  44. ^ Owens, Thom. "Love Travels". Allmusic. Retrieved 2017. 
  45. ^ Cannon, Bob (February 14, 1997). "Love Travels". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2017. 
  46. ^ a b c Remz, Jeffrey B. "Kathy Mattea lives through the innocent years". Country Standard Time.  Page 1, page 2, page 3
  47. ^ Messinger, Eli. "The Innocent Years". Country Standard Time. Retrieved 2017. 
  48. ^ Stark, Phyllis (July 27, 2002). "Mattea blooms on Narada debut 'Roses'". Billboard: 9. 
  49. ^ Dinoia, Maria Konicki. "Roses". Allmusic. Retrieved 2017. 
  50. ^ Widran, Jonathan. "Joy for Christmas Day". Allmusic. Retrieved 2017. 
  51. ^ Bonfiglio, Jeremy (December 13, 2014). "Kathy Mattea's Musical Journey Brings Her Closer to Home". No Depression. Retrieved 2017. 
  52. ^ Jurek, Thom. "Right Out of Nowhere". Allmusic. Retrieved 2017. 
  53. ^ a b MacIntosh, Dan. "Right Out of Nowhere". Country Standard Time. Retrieved 2017. 
  54. ^ Mansfield, Brian (April 6, 2008). "Kathy Mattea's 'Coal' fueled by an emotional kinship". USA Today. Retrieved 2014. 
  55. ^ Dickinson, Chrissie (April 18, 2008). "Mattea's spare approach reveals coal mining's core". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2014. 
  56. ^ Jurek, Thom. "Calling Me Home". Allmusic. Retrieved 2017. 
  57. ^ "Voices That Care cast". IMDb. Retrieved 2017. 
  58. ^ Whitburn 2012, pp. 254-255.
  59. ^ Whitburn 2012, pp. 274.
  60. ^ "Rough Town". Allmusic. Retrieved 2017. 
  61. ^ "Johnny Hallyday". lescharts.com. Retrieved 2017. 
  62. ^ Verna, Paul (December 12, 1998). "Emerald, Masterfonics confirm negotiations for buyout". Billboard: 47. 
  63. ^ "Jon Vezner biography". Yamaha.com. Retrieved 2017. 
  64. ^ "Liberal Country Artist of the Week: Kathy Mattea". Daily KOS. July 23, 2006. Retrieved 2017. 
  65. ^ "Taking Notice Kathy Mattea Earns Honors For Her Aids Work". Chicago Tribune. December 15, 1994. Retrieved 2017. 
  66. ^ "RIAA - Recording Industry Association of America - Searchable Database". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 2011. 

Works cited

External links


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