|Ranking Member of the House Appropriations Committee|
January 3, 2019
|Vice Chair of the House Republican Conference|
January 3, 2007 - January 3, 2009
|Cathy McMorris Rodgers|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Texas's 12th district
January 3, 1997
|41st Mayor of Fort Worth|
May 21, 1991 - December 19, 1995
|Jewell Woods (Acting)|
Norvell Kay Mullendore
January 18, 1943
Greenville, Texas, U.S.
|Education||Texas Wesleyan University (BA)|
Norvell Kay Granger (née Mullendore; born January 18, 1943) is an American Republican politician from the U.S. state of Texas, representing its 12th congressional district in the U.S. House of Representatives. A former teacher and businesswoman, she is the first Republican woman to represent Texas in the U.S. House. After serving on the zoning commission of Fort Worth, Texas, in 1991 she was elected as the city's first woman mayor, serving two terms to 1995.
Granger taught high school English and journalism for several years and became familiar with many issues in the community. In 1978 she decided to establish her own insurance agency, which she operated for years. Deciding to become active in local politics, Granger was elected to the Fort Worth Zoning Commission. she was elected to the city council in 1989. She was elected Mayor in 1991 in a non-partisan election as the first woman mayor of the city.
After Congressman Pete Geren announced he would retire in 1996, both the Democratic and Republican parties worked to recruit Granger to run for his seat. Republicans were bullish on their chances of winning Texas' 12th congressional district. It had once been represented by Democratic Speaker of the House Jim Wright, but legislative redistricting after the 1990 census had added areas with more Republican residents.
Granger decided to run as a Republican, much to the dismay of local GOP activists, who criticized her as being too liberal. She won handily, taking 56 percent of the vote over the Democrat Hugh Parmer, also a former Fort Worth mayor. She was reelected in 1998 and faced serious opposition only in 2000. In 2008, Granger defeated Democratic challenger Tracey Smith with 67 percent of the vote.
In 2006 Granger published a book, What's Right About America, Celebrating Our Nation's Values, reflecting on lessons from prominent figures of United States history.
That year, she was reelected to her sixth term in Congress. She was elected as Conference Vice Chair, the fourth-ranking position among House Republicans, in November 2006. She has previously served as Chairwoman of the House Appropriations Subcommittee on State-Foreign Operations. She also sits on the United States House Committee on Appropriations's Subcommittee on Defense (the first woman to do so), and the Labor, Health, Human Services, and Education Subcommittee. She has also served as a House Deputy Whip.
On September 25, 2007, she publicly endorsed former Massachusetts governor Mitt Romney in the primary race for the Republican Party presidential nomination. She also took up the position of national co-chair of the campaign organization Women for Mitt, filling a vacancy left by the death of Jennifer Dunn. In a statement to the press following her endorsement, she said that she had heard Romney speak and that "I agreed with everything he said, in the order he said it."
Her website has an article from "Conservative Quarterly" that describes her as "a dependable vote for the leadership on most issues." She is a member of the conservative Republican Study Committee.The Washington Post described her as being a socially centrist, but fiscally conservative, by supporting tax cuts and balanced budgets, Republican.Heritage Action, a conservative political action committee (PAC), gave her a score of 59 percent conservative during the 115th Congress and a 57 percent lifetime conservative score. In 2017, the Americans for Democratic Action, a liberal PAC, gave her a 15 percent rating. In 2013, the National Journal, a non-partisan organization, gave Granger a composite political ideology score of 73 percent conservative and 27 percent liberal.
Rep. Granger has described herself, in a 2007 interview with MSNBC, as "a pro-choice Republican."The Wall Street Journal reported that Rep. Granger "supports abortion rights in limited cases." In 2003, Granger was given a 10 percent rating by NARAL Pro-Choice America, "indicating a pro-life voting record," and an 80 percent rating in 2006 from the National Right to Life Committee (NRLC) "indicating a mixed record on abortion." In 1996, she was considered to be "pro-choice." In 2008, she received a 33 percent rating from Planned Parenthood, which supports legal abortion, a 50 percent in 2008 from National Family Planning & Reproductive Health Association, which supports legal abortion, and her highest score from NARAL was a 50 percent in 2007, but she has received a 0 percent from Planned Parenthood in the years since 2009. Granger supports embryonic stem-cell research. She received an 84 percent rating by the Christian Coalition of America. Granger supported a Texas law to ban abortion after 20 weeks of pregnancy. In 2019, she co-signed a letter to President Trump, along with other lawmakers, urging him to veto any appropriations bill that weakens current pro-life protections.
Granger has voted several times in favor of an amendment to the United States Constitution to make it a crime to physically desecrate the American flag. She supported the Federal Marriage Amendment to define marriage as only permitted between a man and a woman in 2004, and she also opposed same-sex couples being able to adopt. In 2017, she said that she had "no comment" in response to President Trump's decision to ban transgender troops from the military. Since 2004, she has received a 0 percent rating from the Human Rights Campaign, a political action committee which supports gay marriage and other LGBT rights, and her highest score from the organization was a 38% in 1997 and 1998. In 2016, she co-authored a spending bill that included funding for LGBT rights initiatives and the HRC publicly thanked her for her sponsorship.
The National Rifle Association (NRA), which supports gun ownership rights, gave Granger a rating of 93 percent for voting in line with their positions while Gun Owners of America, which also supports the rights of gun owners, gave her a 50 percent rating.
She was renominated in the March 2, 2010, Republican primary, having polled 70 percent of the ballots over intraparty rivals Mike Brasovan and Matthew E. Kelly.
In 2012, after chairman of the Taiwanese defense committee Lin Yu-fang rejected calls for more F-16 fighters and said that only the F-35 could ensure Taiwan's security, Granger offered a NDAA amendment, which passed the House, to offer only the much older F-16 fighter to Taiwan.
In June 2013, Granger was among the members of Congress who voted to pass an amendment to the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The amendment would continue to restrict the Pentagon from entering into new contracts with Russia's state arms broker, Rosoboronexport.
Granger was part of a group of eight Republicans who spent July 4, 2018 meeting with Russian officials in advance of President Trump's summit with Vladimir Putin.
During her tenure, Granger has supported more than $50 million in earmarks to infrastructure projects in Fort Worth that benefited the Trinity River Vision Authority, an organization headed by her son.
| Mayor of Fort Worth
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Texas's 12th congressional district
| Ranking Member of the House Appropriations Committee|
|Party political offices|
| Vice Chair of the House Republican Conference
Cathy McMorris Rodgers
|U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)|
| United States Representatives by seniority