Keflavik International Airport
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Keflavik International Airport

Keflavik Airport

Keflavíkurflugvöllur
Keflavíkurflugvöllur logo.svg
SSJ100 Keflavik runways (5160518757).jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic / Military
Owner/OperatorIsavia Limited
ServesGreater Reykjavík Area, Iceland
LocationSandgerði
Hub forIcelandair
Elevation AMSL52 m / 171 ft
Coordinates63°59?06?N 22°36?20?W / 63.98500°N 22.60556°W / 63.98500; -22.60556Coordinates: 63°59?06?N 22°36?20?W / 63.98500°N 22.60556°W / 63.98500; -22.60556
Websitekefairport.is
Map
KEF/BIKF is located in Iceland
KEF/BIKF
KEF/BIKF
Location in Iceland
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
01/19 3,054 10,020 Asphalt
10/28 3,065 10,056 Asphalt
Statistics
Passengers (2018)9,804,388
Passengers change 17-18Increase12.0%
Cargo (2018)59,263 tonnes
Sources:[1]AIP Iceland at ICAA[2]
Statistics: Isavia Limited[3][4]

Keflavík Airport (Icelandic: Keflavíkurflugvöllur) (IATA: KEF, ICAO: BIKF), also known as Reykjavík-Keflavík Airport, is the largest airport in Iceland and the country's main hub for international transportation. The airport is 1.7 nautical miles (3.1 km; 2.0 mi) west of Keflavík[2] and 50 km (31 mi) southwest of Reykjavík. The airport has three runways, two of which are in use, and the airport area is about 25 km2 (9.7 sq mi).[] Most international journeys to or from Iceland pass through this airport.

The main carrier at Keflavík is Icelandair, which has the airport as its main hub. The airport is almost exclusively used for international flights; most domestic flights use the much smaller Reykjavík Airport, which lies 3 km (1.9 mi) from Reykjavík's city centre, although seasonal flights from Akureyri fly to Keflavík. Keflavík Airport is operated by Isavia, a government enterprise.

History

Early years

Originally, the airport was built by the United States military during World War II, as a replacement for a small British landing strip at Garður to the north. It consisted of two separate two-runway airfields, built simultaneously just 4 km apart. Patterson Field in the south-east opened in 1942 despite being partly incomplete. It was named after a young pilot who died in Iceland. Meeks Field to the north-west opened on 23 March 1943. It was named after another young pilot, George Meeks, who died on the Reykjavík airfield. Patterson Field was closed after the war, but Meeks Field and the adjoining structures were returned to Iceland's control and were renamed Naval Air Station Keflavik, for the nearby town of Keflavík. In 1951, the U.S. military returned to the airport under a defense agreement between Iceland and the U.S. signed on 5 May 1951.[5]

Development since the 1950s

With the reestablishment of the military air base at Keflavík during the 1950s, the air terminal found itself in the middle of a secure military zone. Travelers had to pass through military check points to reach their flights, until 1987, when the civilian terminal was relocated.[6]

The presence of foreign military forces in Iceland under the NATO-sponsored Iceland-U.S. Defense Agreement of 1951 was controversial in Iceland, which had no indigenous military forces other than the Icelandic Coast Guard.[7] During the 1960s and 1970s, rallies were held to protest the U.S. military presence in Iceland (and in particular at Keflavík), and every year protesters walked the 50 km (31 mi) road from Reykjavík to Keflavík and chanted "Ísland úr NATO, herinn burt" (literally: Iceland out of NATO, the military away). The protests were not effective. One of the participants was Vigdís Finnbogadóttir, who later became the first female President of Iceland.[8]

The two 3,000-metre-long (10,000 ft) and 61-metre-wide (200 ft) runways are large enough to support NASA's Space Shuttle as well as the Antonov An-225. On 29 June 1999, Concorde G-BOAA flew from Heathrow Airport to Reykjavík (Keflavik airport). The Concorde had been there earlier.[9] The airport is also an important emergency landing runway for large aircraft in transatlantic operation in the ETOPS system, which requires aircraft to always have less than a certain distance from a suitable landing site.[10]

The airport was used as a hub by WOW air until it ceased operations on 28 March 2019.[11]

Facilities

The terminal is named after Leif Erikson who was the first European to arrive in North America[12] (Flugstöð Leifs Eiríkssonar [is], "Leif Erikson Air Terminal"). It was opened in April 1987[13] and separated the airport's civil traffic from the military base. It was later extended with the opening of the South Building in 2001 (not a separate terminal) to comply with the requirements of the Schengen Agreement. The North Building was later enlarged and finished in 2007. The terminal has duty-free stores in the departure and arrival lounges. In 2016, the current terminal was expanded.[14] The expansion added 7 gates.[15] There are also plans to add a third runway.[16]

Airlines and destinations

Passenger

Although the population of Iceland is only about 350,000, there are scheduled flights to and from numerous locations across North America and Europe. The largest carrier operating out of Keflavik is Icelandair. WOW air was the second largest Icelandic carrier and the second largest at Keflavík, following its acquisition of Iceland Express on 23 October 2012,[17] until it ceased operations on 28 March 2019.[11] The airport only handles international flights (except for flights to Akureyri in connection with certain Air Iceland Connect flights to Greenland); domestic flights and flights to Greenland are operated from Reykjavík's domestic airport.

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter services to and from Keflavík:[18]

AirlinesDestinations
airBaltic Riga
Air Canada Rouge Seasonal: Montréal-Trudeau, Toronto-Pearson
Air Greenland Seasonal: Ilulissat, Kangerlussuaq, Nuuk
Air Iceland Connect Seasonal: Akureyri, Kangerlussuaq, Kulusuk
American Airlines Seasonal: Dallas/Fort Worth (ends 26 October 2019), Philadelphia (begins 4 June 2020)[19]
Atlantic Airways Seasonal: Vágar
Austrian Airlines Seasonal: Vienna
British Airways London-Heathrow
Czech Airlines Copenhagen, Prague (both begin 28 October 2019)[20]
Delta Air Lines Seasonal: Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York-JFK
easyJet Edinburgh, London-Gatwick, London-Luton, Manchester
Seasonal: Belfast-International, Bristol, London-Stansted
easyJet Switzerland Seasonal: Basel/Mulhouse, Geneva
Edelweiss Air Seasonal: Zürich
Eurowings Seasonal: Cologne/Bonn, Hamburg
Finnair Helsinki
Iberia Express Madrid
Icelandair[21] Amsterdam, Bergen, Berlin-Tegel, Boston, Brussels, Chicago-O'Hare, Copenhagen, Denver, Dublin, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Glasgow, Helsinki, London-Gatwick, London-Heathrow, Manchester, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Munich, New York-JFK, Newark, Orlando, Oslo-Gardermoen, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, San Francisco (ends 6 January 2020),[22]Seattle/Tacoma, Stockholm-Arlanda, Toronto-Pearson, Vancouver, Washington-Dulles, Zürich
Seasonal: Anchorage, Billund, Edmonton, Geneva, Gothenburg, Hamburg, Madrid, Milan-Malpensa, Montréal-Trudeau, Philadelphia, Portland (OR)
Seasonal charter: Alicante,[23]Gran Canaria,[24]Tenerife-South[25]
Jet2.com Seasonal: Birmingham, East Midlands, Glasgow, Leeds/Bradford, Manchester, Newcastle[26]
Lufthansa Frankfurt
Seasonal: Munich
Neos[27] Seasonal: Milan-Malpensa
Alicante, Barcelona, Gran Canaria (begins 30 October 2019),[28]Madrid (ends 7 January 2020),[29]Oslo-Gardermoen, Tenerife-South (begins 27 October 2019)[30]
Seasonal: Bergen
Seasonal: Moscow-Domodedovo
Copenhagen, Oslo-Gardermoen
Seasonal: Stockholm-Arlanda
Transavia Amsterdam
Transavia France Paris-Orly
TUI Airways Seasonal: Bristol, London-Gatwick, Manchester
United Airlines Seasonal: Newark
Vueling Seasonal: Barcelona
Wizz Air Budapest, Gda?sk, Katowice, Kraków, London-Luton, Riga, Vienna, Vilnius, Warsaw-Chopin, Wroc?aw

Cargo

Statistics

Aerial view of the main buildings
Main waiting area

Passenger numbers

Year Passengers[33] Change
2004 1,883,725
2005 2,101,679 +11.6%
2006 2,272,917 +8.1%
2007 2,429,144 +6.9%
2008 2,193,434 -9.7%
2009 1,832,944 -16.4%
2010 2,065,188 +12.7%
2011 2,474,806 +19.8%
2012 2,764,026 +11.7%
2013 3,209,848 +16.1%
2014 3,867,425 +20.5%
2015 4,855,505 +25.5%
2016 6,821,358 +40.4%
2017 8,755,352 +28.3%
2018 9,804,388 +12.0%

Busiest destinations

Busiest routes to/from Keflavik (2018)[34]
Rank Airport Passengers Operator(s)
1 Denmark Copenhagen 582,199 Icelandair, SAS
2 United Kingdom London-Gatwick 467,032 easyJet, Icelandair, Norwegian, TUI Airways
3 Netherlands Amsterdam 449,590 Icelandair, Transavia
4 France Paris-Charles de Gaulle 443,312 Icelandair
5 United Kingdom London-Heathrow 378,029 British Airways, Icelandair
6 Germany Frankfurt 355,520 Icelandair, Lufthansa
7 United States Boston 330,792 Icelandair
8 United States Newark 327,046 Icelandair, United
9 United States New York-JFK 323,781 Delta, Icelandair
10 Norway Oslo-Gardermoen 313,713 Icelandair, Norwegian, SAS
11 Canada Toronto-Pearson 289,038 Air Canada, Icelandair
12 United States Chicago-O'Hare 252,602 Icelandair
13 Sweden Stockholm-Arlanda 247,083 Icelandair
14 Republic of Ireland Dublin 221,321 Icelandair
15 Finland Helsinki 207,270 Finnair, Icelandair
16 United Kingdom Manchester 204,082 easyJet, Icelandair, TUI Airways
17 United Kingdom London-Luton 196,072 easyJet
18 United States Baltimore 195,283 Icelandair
19 United States San Francisco 174,632 Icelandair
20 Germany Berlin-Tegel 167,907 Icelandair

Access

Transport between the airport and downtown Reykjavik is a 50 kilometres (31 mi) journey on Route 41. Buses are operated by Airport Express, Flybus, and Strætó bs to Reykjavík.[35] Taxis are available outside the terminal. Rental cars are available from various companies.[36]

Accidents and incidents

References

  1. ^ "Vísir - Enn eitt metið slegið í fjölda farþega sem fara um Keflavíkurflugvöll". Visir.is. Archived from the original on 16 November 2013. Retrieved 2013.
  2. ^ a b "BIKF - Keflavík" (PDF). Icelandic Civil Aviation Administration. Archived (PDF) from the original on 12 August 2009. Retrieved 2009.
  3. ^ "2012 Passenger Statistics". Kefairport.is. Isavia Limited. Archived from the original on 23 October 2013. Retrieved 2013.
  4. ^ "Cargo Statistics 2012". Kefairport.is. Isavia Limited. Archived from the original on 23 October 2013. Retrieved 2013.
  5. ^ "U.S. Government Debated Secret Nuclear Deployments in Iceland". National Security Archive. George Washington University. 15 August 2016. Archived from the original on 5 December 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  6. ^ Sullivan, Paul (1 August 2011). Waking Up in Iceland. Bobcat Books. p. 164. ISBN 978-0-85712-446-3.
  7. ^ Kochis, Daniel; Slattery, Brian (21 June 2016). "Iceland: Outsized Importance for Transatlantic Security". The Heritage Foundation. Archived from the original on 10 January 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  8. ^ Jeffreys-Jones, Rhodri (1997). Changing Differences: Women and the Shaping of American Foreign Policy, 1917-1994. Rutgers University Press. p. 168. ISBN 978-0813524498.
  9. ^ "Concorde to Iceland - The Ultimate Day Trip Trailer - Plato Video". YouTube. 21 April 2012. Archived from the original on 6 April 2017. Retrieved 2016.
  10. ^ "Annex 6 - Operation of Aircraft" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 March 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  11. ^ a b "End of Operation of WOW AIR". Icelandic Transport Authority. Archived from the original on 28 March 2019. Retrieved 2019. WOW AIR has ceased operation. All WOW AIR flights have been cancelled.
  12. ^ Read description and sources to his life and discovery in Leif Erikson
  13. ^ Saga og menning Archived 22 February 2018 at the Wayback Machine, Keflavik Airport website.
  14. ^ "Hugmyndir um að reisa nýja flugstöð" (in Icelandic). ruv. Archived from the original on 3 October 2013. Retrieved 2013.
  15. ^ "Metfjöldi farþega á Keflavíkurflugvelli í fyrra - Mikil aukning fjórða árið í röð". Isavia.is. Archived from the original on 3 January 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  16. ^ "Hugmyndir um nýja flugbraut á Keflavíkurflugvelli" (in Icelandic). visir. Archived from the original on 8 May 2014. Retrieved 2013.
  17. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 13 November 2012. Retrieved 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  18. ^ kefairport.is - Timetables Archived 14 November 2016 at the Wayback Machine retrieved 29 July 2019
  19. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 12 August 2019. Retrieved 2019.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  20. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/286267/csa-czech-adds-copenhagen-reykjavik-service-from-late-oct-2019/
  21. ^ icelandair.com - Destinations Archived 27 March 2019 at the Wayback Machine retrieved 13 April 2019
  22. ^ Liu, Jim (1 October 2019). "Icelandair closes reservation for 2 US destinations in S20". Routesonline. Informa Markets. Retrieved 2019.
  23. ^ "Flight schedule Alicante". isavia.is. Archived from the original on 23 June 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  24. ^ "Flight schedule Las Palmas". isavia.is. Archived from the original on 27 June 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  25. ^ "Flight schedule Tenerife". isavia.is. Archived from the original on 23 June 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  26. ^ "Cheap Flights to Reykjavik". jet2.com. Archived from the original on 24 July 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  27. ^ neosair.it - Destination retrieved 13 October 2019
  28. ^ Liu, Jim (20 June 2019). "Norwegian adds new Gran Canaria routes in W19". Routesonline. UBM (UK) Ltd. Archived from the original on 20 June 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  29. ^ "Norwegian confirma que desmantela su base de Madrid". Preferente (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019.
  30. ^ "Hefja áætlunarflug til Tenerife og Las Palmas" [Starting of scheduled flights to Tenerife and Las Palmas]. mbl.is (in Icelandic). Árvakur hf. 13 June 2019. Archived from the original on 14 June 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  31. ^ "Daily Schedule - Bluebird Cargo". www.bluebird.is. Archived from the original on 10 August 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  32. ^ icelandaircargo.com - Flight schedule Archived 28 October 2018 at the Wayback Machine retrieved 28 October 2018
  33. ^ "2010 - Kefairport.com". kefairport.is. Archived from the original on 14 August 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  34. ^ "Database - Eurostat". ec.europa.eu. Archived from the original on 25 September 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  35. ^ "Airport Shuttle from Keflavík Airport, Iceland - Keflavík International Airport - Kefairport.com". kefairport.is. Archived from the original on 20 July 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  36. ^ "Car Rental/Car Hire at Keflavík International Airport, Iceland - Kefairport.com". kefairport.is. Archived from the original on 20 July 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  37. ^ "Accident: Sukhoi SU95 at Keflavik on Jul 21st 2013, belly landing". Avherald.com. Archived from the original on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 2013.
  38. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. March 2016. Archived from the original on 9 August 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  39. ^ "ASN Wikibase Occurrence # 195078". Aviation Safety Network. 28 April 2017. Archived from the original on 30 April 2017. Retrieved 2017.

External links

Media related to Keflavík International Airport at Wikimedia Commons


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