Kharkiv Oblast
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Kharkiv Oblast

Kharkiv Oblast (Ukrainian: ? ?, translit. Charkiv?ka oblastj; also referred to as Kharkivshchyna - Ukrainian: ?, Charkivyna, Russian: ?) is an oblast (province) in eastern Ukraine. The oblast borders Russia to the north, Luhansk Oblast to the east, Donetsk Oblast to the south-east, Dnipropetrovsk Oblast to the south-west, Poltava Oblast to the west and Sumy Oblast to the north-west. The area of the oblast is 31,400 km², corresponding to 5.2% of the total territory of Ukraine. Population: [4]

The oblast is the third most populous province of Ukraine, with a population of 2,857,751 in 2004, more than half (1.5 million) of whom live in the city of Kharkiv, the oblast's administrative center. While the Russian language is primarily spoken in the cities of Kharkiv oblast, elsewhere in the oblast most inhabitants speak Ukrainian.

History

During the Soviet administrative reform of 1923-1929, in 1925, the Kharkov Governorate was abolished leaving its five okruhas: Okhtyrka (originally Bohodukhiv), Izyum, Kupyansk, Sumy, and Kharkiv. Introduced in the Soviet Union in 1923, a similar subdivisions existed in Ukraine back in 1918. In 1930 all okruhas were also abolished with raions becoming the first level of subdivision of Ukraine until 1932.

The modern Kharkiv Oblast was established on 27 February 1932. In summer of 1932, some parts of the oblast were included in the newly created Donetsk Oblast originally centered in Artemivsk (later in Stalino). Then in the fall, some territories of the Kharkiv Oblast were used in creation of Chernihiv Oblast. More territories became part of Poltava Oblast in fall of 1937 and Sumy Oblast in winter of 1939.

During the Holodomor the population of the Kharkiv Oblast together with Kiev Oblast suffered the most. The region saw major fighting during World War II in several Battles of Kharkov between 1941 and 1943.

During the 1991 referendum, 86.33% of votes in Kharkiv Oblast were in favor of the Declaration of Independence of Ukraine. A survey conducted in December 2014 by the Kyiv International Institute of Sociology found 4.2% of the oblast's population supported their region joining Russia, 71.5% did not support the idea, and the rest were undecided or did not respond.[5]

Points of interest

The following sites were nominated for the Seven Wonders of Ukraine.

Demographics

Its population in 2001 was 2,895,800 million (1,328,900 males (45.9%) and 1,566,900 females (54.1%)).

At the 2001 census, the ethnic groups within the Kharkiv Oblast were:

the groups by native language:

Age structure

0-14 years: 12.6% Increase (male 177,464/female 167,321)
15-64 years: 72.2% Decrease (male 945,695/female 1,024,841)
65 years and over: 15.2% Steady (male 135,737/female 277,725) (2013 official)

Median age

total: 40.5 years Increase
male: 36.9 years Steady
female: 44.1 years Increase (2013 official)

Economy

The Kharkiv oblast has a primarily industrially based economy, including engineering, metallurgy, manufacturing, production of chemicals and food processing. It also has an important agricultural sector with 19,000 square kilometres of arable land (comprising 5.9% of the total arable lands of Ukraine). Agricultural production grew substantially in 2015.[6]

Also in Kharkiv is the Airplane plant for space controlling systems. It is a major center for all branches of engineering, from large-scale manufacture to microelectronics. Also situated in Kharkiv Oblast is a gas field, which is one of the biggest in Ukraine.

Administrative divisions

The Kharkiv Oblast is administratively subdivided into 27 raions (districts), as well as 7 cities (municipalities) which are directly subordinate to the oblast government: Chuhuiv, Izium, Kupiansk, Liubotyn, Lozova, Pervomaiskyi, and the administrative center of the oblast, Kharkiv.

Detailed map of Kharkiv Oblast.
Name Ukrainian name Area
(km2)
Population
census 2015[7]
Admin.center Urban Population Only
Kharkiv () 350 1,449,674 Kharkiv (city) 1,449,674
Chuhuiv () 13 33,243 Chuhuiv (city) 32,401
Izium ? () 44 49,822 Izium (city) 49,822
Kupiansk ?' () 33 56,704 Kupiansk (city) 56,704
Liubotyn ? () 31 24,442 Liubotyn (city) 21,619
Lozova ? () 18 65,950 Lozova (city) 64,269
Pervomaiskyi ? () 15 30,616 Pervomaiskyi (city) 30,616
Balakliys'kyi raion ? 1,986 82,003 Balakliia 51,886
Barvinkivs'kyi raion 1,364 21,919 Barvinkove 9,057
Blyzniukivs'kyi raion 1,380 19,144 Blyzniuky 3,790
Bohodukhivs'kyi raion 1,160 39,182 Bohodukhiv 18,998
Borivs'kyi raion ? 875 16,938 Borova 5,624
Chuhuivs'kyi raion 1,148 46,579 Chuhuiv (city) N/A *
Derhachivs'kyi raion ? 900 95,122 Derhachi 67,908
Dvorichans'kyi raion ? 1,112 17,775 Dvorichna 3,669
Iziums'kyi raion 1,553 17,382 Izium (city) N/A *
Kehychivs'kyi raion 782 21,058 Kehychivka 8,799
Kharkivs'kyi raion 1,403 182,239 Kharkiv N/A *
Kolomats'kyi raion 330 7,099 Kolomak 2,919
Krasnohrads'kyi raion 985 44,742 Krasnohrad 21,008
Krasnokuts'kyi raion 1,040 28,260 Krasnokutsk 8,895
Kupyans'kyi raion '? 1,280 24,769 Kupiansk (city) N/A *
Lozivs'kyi raion ? 1,403 29,139 Lozova (city) N/A *
Novovodolaz'kyi raion 1,182 33,175 Nova Vodolaha 11,850
Pecheniz'kyi raion 467 10,113 Pechenihy 5,340
Pervomais'kyi raion ? 1,225 16,027 Pervomaiskyi (city) N/A *
Sakhnovshchyns'kyi raion 1,170 21,377 Sakhnovshchyna 7,333
Shevchenkivs'kyi raion 977 20,480 Shevchenkove 6,957
Valkivs'kyi raion 1,011 31,897 Valky 14,174
Velykoburluts'kyi raion ? 1,221 22,541 Velykyi Burluk 6,049
Vovchans'kyi raion 1,888 47,172 Vovchansk 28,143
Zachepylivs'kyi raion 794 15,329 Zachepylivka 3,642
Zmiyivs'kyi raion ? 1,365 71,887 Zmiiv 33,366
Zolochivs'kyi raion 969 26,543 Zolochiv 8,916

Note: Asterisks (*) Though the administrative center of the rayon is housed in the city/town that it is named after, cities do not answer to the rayon authorities only towns do; instead they are directly subordinated to the oblast government and therefore are not counted as part of rayon statistics.

Nomenclature

Most of Ukraine's oblasts are named after their capital cities, officially called "oblast centers" (Ukrainian: , translit. oblasnyi tsentr). The name of each oblast is a relative adjective, formed by adding a feminine suffix to the name of respective center city: Kharkiv is the center of the Kharkivs'ka oblast' (Kharkiv Oblast). Most oblasts are also sometimes referred to in a feminine noun form, following the convention of traditional regional place names, ending with the suffix "-shchyna", as is the case with the Kharkiv Oblast, Kharkivshchyna.

Sport

It has a regional federation within Ukrainian Bandy and Rink bandy Federation.[1]

References

  1. ^ Zelensky presents new head of Kharkiv regional administration Kucher, Interfax-Ukraine (6 November 2019)
  2. ^ a b (in Ukrainian) As Zelensky in Kharkiv at the factory froze and represented the governor, Ukrayinska Pravda (6 November 2019)
  3. ^ (in Ukrainian) Kharkiv Regional State Administration headed by the People's Deputy from "Servant of the People", Ukrayinska Pravda (6 November 2019)
  4. ^ " ? (Actual population of Ukraine)" (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 2017.
  5. ^ ? 3% ? ? [Only 3% of Ukrainians want their region to become part of Russia]. Dzerkalo Tyzhnia (in Ukrainian). 3 January 2015.
  6. ^ (in Russian) Agriculture in 2015: results SQ News (13 February 2016)
  7. ^ "Population Quantity". UkrStat (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2016.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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